Buchanan, Patrick J.

Buchanan, Patrick J.

▪ American journalist and politician
in full  Patrick Joseph Buchanan 
born November 2, 1938, Washington, D.C., U.S.

      conservative American journalist who held positions in the administrations of three U.S. presidents and who three times sought nomination as a candidate for the presidency of the United States (presidency of the United States of America).

      Buchanan attended Catholic schools and in 1961 received an A.B. degree in English from Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. In 1962 he received a M.S. degree from the School of Journalism of Columbia University in New York City. Later that year he began his career as a journalist with the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. In 1966 he took a position as an assistant and speechwriter to Richard M. Nixon (Nixon, Richard M.), who was then preparing to make a second run for the presidency. When Nixon was elected in 1968, Buchanan became special assistant to the president. He was named special consultant to Nixon in 1972, and when the president resigned in August 1974, he stayed on for a time in the administration of President Gerald R. Ford (Ford, Gerald R.). In 1975 Buchanan began to write a syndicated newspaper column and to establish a career as a radio and television commentator. He became the director of communications for President Ronald Reagan (Reagan, Ronald W.) in 1985.

      A harsh critic of President George Bush (Bush, George), Buchanan sought the nomination of the Republican Party in 1992, when Bush was running for reelection. Buchanan received 22.6 percent of the vote in the primaries and, to stave off a party revolt by his supporters, was granted an opportunity to address the convention. He ran again in 1996 but did less well, and in 1999 he announced his third try for the nomination. He criticized U.S. attempts to broker peace in the world and what he saw as the undue influence of Israel on U.S. foreign policy. He advocated curbs on free trade and a temporary moratorium on immigration. He decried the feminist and homosexual rights movements (gay rights movement) and was adamantly opposed to abortion. He denounced as futile Republican attempts to win elections by moving toward the middle of the political spectrum.

      Having grown increasingly disaffected from the mainstream Republican stance, Buchanan quit the party in October 1999 and the following year, after a highly contentious convention, won the Reform Party's nomination for president and its $12.5 million in federal funds. A forceful, articulate writer and speaker, he often set forth his beliefs in blunt, memorable language. Critics called him a right-wing isolationist, a mercantilist, a nativist, and a populist, and some Republicans—those who emphasized free-market economics, for example—questioned his credentials as a conservative. Others, however, saw him as a champion of traditional values that were in need of reclamation. In the 2000 presidential election, he fared poorly, receiving some 445,000 votes.

      Buchanan expounded his beliefs in a number of books. The New Majority, which was privately published in 1973, was influential in advancing the idea that the views of so-called Middle Americans, not those of the media, represented the thinking of most U.S. citizens. Among his other writings are The Great Betrayal (1998), on the social effects of free-trade policies, and A Republic, Not an Empire (1999), which discusses his views on foreign policy.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Patrick Buchanan — Pat Buchanan Pour les articles homonymes, voir Buchanan. Pat Buchanan Patrick Joseph Pat Buchanan (né le 2 novembre 1938) est un journaliste et un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Patrick J. Buchanan — Pat Buchanan Pour les articles homonymes, voir Buchanan. Pat Buchanan Patrick Joseph Pat Buchanan (né le 2 novembre 1938) est un journaliste et un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Patrick (given name) — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Patrick imagesize= caption= pronunciation=IPA|pætrɪk gender = Male meaning = Nobleman region = Worldwide origin = Latin related names = Padraic, Pádraig footnotes =Patrick is a male name derived from either the… …   Wikipedia

  • Patrick Gass — (June 12, 1771 ndash;April 2, 1870) served as sergeant in the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1801 1806). He was important to the expedition because of his service as carpenter and he published the first journal of the expedition in 1807, seven years …   Wikipedia

  • Patrick — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Er ist einer der häufigsten Jungennamen der 1980er Jahre. Seit Mitte der 1990er Jahre lässt die Beliebtheit spürbar nach. Vor 1960 war Patrick in Deutschland nur selten vertreten. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Patrick County — Courthouse in Stuart Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Virginia …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Patrick McDonald — Patrick Joseph McDonald, geboren als McDonnell (* 29. Juli 1878 im County Clare in Irland; † 16. Mai 1954) war ein US amerikanischer Leichtathlet irischer Herkunft. Bei einer Körpergröße von 1,90 m betrug sein Wettkampfgewicht 120 kg. Bei den O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Patrick Maclellan of Bombie — (d. c. 1450 Sheriff of Galloway, then the head of his family, and a staunch royalist declined an invitation to join William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas, along with the Earls of Ross and Crawford and Ormond in a powerful alliance against the… …   Wikipedia

  • Patrick Jay Hurley — 1929 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Patrick Meik — (born? died 1910) was an English engineer and part of a minor engineering dynasty. His father Thomas Meik was also an engineer, as was Patrick s brother Charles Meik. Both boys were born in Crowtree Road, Bishopwearmouth, Sunderland.Patrick went… …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»