Brooks, Gwendolyn

Brooks, Gwendolyn

▪ American poet and educator
in full  Gwendolyn Elizabeth Brooks 
born June 7, 1917, Topeka, Kansas, U.S.
died December 3, 2000, Chicago, Illinois

      American poet whose works deal with the everyday life of urban blacks. She was the first African American poet to win the Pulitzer Prize (1949), and in 1968 she was named the poet laureate of Illinois.

      Brooks graduated from Wilson Junior College in Chicago in 1936. Her early verses appeared in the Chicago Defender, a newspaper written primarily for that city's African American community. Her first published collection, A Street in Bronzeville (1945), reveals her talent for making the ordinary life of her neighbours extraordinary. Annie Allen (1949), for which she won the Pulitzer Prize, is a loosely connected series of poems related to an African American girl's growing up in Chicago. The same theme was used for Brooks's novel Maud Martha (1953).

      The Bean Eaters (1960) contains some of her best verse. Her Selected Poems (1963) was followed in 1968 by In the Mecca, half of which is a long narrative poem about people in the Mecca, a vast, fortresslike apartment building erected on the South Side of Chicago in 1891, which had long since deteriorated into a slum. The second half of the book contains individual poems, among which the most noteworthy are “Boy Breaking Glass” and “Malcolm X.” Brooks also wrote a book for children, Bronzeville Boys and Girls (1956). The autobiographical Report from Part One (1972) was an assemblage of personal memoirs, interviews, and letters; it was followed, though much later, by Report from Part Two (1996). Her other works include Primer for Blacks (1980), Young Poet's Primer (1980), To Disembark (1981), The Near-Johannesburg Boy, and Other Poems (1986), Blacks (1987), Winnie (1988), and Children Coming Home (1991).

      In 1985–86 Brooks was Library of Congress consultant in poetry (now poet laureate consultant in poetry), and in 1989 she received a lifetime achievement award from the National Endowment for the Arts. She became a professor of English at Chicago State University in 1990, a position she held until her death.

Additional Reading
Harry B. Shaw, Gwendolyn Brooks (1980); George E. Kent, A Life of Gwendolyn Brooks (1990); D.H. Melhem, Gwendolyn Brooks: Poetry & the Heroic Voice (1987); Maria K. Mootry and Gary Smith (eds.), A Life Distilled: Gwendolyn Brooks, Her Poetry and Fiction (1987).

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Brooks, Gwendolyn —    см. Брукс, Гвендолин …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

  • Brooks,Gwendolyn Elizabeth — Brooks (bro͝oks), Gwendolyn Elizabeth. Born 1917. American poet known for her verse detailing the dreams and struggles of Black Americans. An early volume of poems, Annie Allen (1949), was awarded a Pulitzer Prize. * * * …   Universalium

  • Brooks, Gwendolyn Elizabeth — ▪ 2001       American writer (b. June 7, 1917, Topeka, Kan. d. Dec. 3, 2000, Chicago, Ill.), was a Pulitzer Prize winning poet and author who spoke of and to the everyday struggles and triumphs of African Americans during a distinguished literary …   Universalium

  • Brooks, Gwendolyn (Elizabeth) — born June 7, 1917, Topeka, Kan., U.S. died Dec. 3, 2000, Chicago, Ill. U.S. poet. Reared in the Chicago slums, Brooks published her first poem at age 13. With Annie Allen (1949), a loosely connected series of poems about growing up in Chicago,… …   Universalium

  • Brooks, Gwendolyn (Elizabeth) — (7 jun. 1917, Topeka, Kansas, EE.UU.–3 dic. 2000, Chicago, Ill.). Poetisa estadounidense. Criada en los suburbios de Chicago, Brooks publicó su primer poema a los 13 años. En 1949 ganó el Premio Pulitzer por Annie Allen (1949), una serie de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gwendolyn brooks — Gwendolyn Brooks, en 1985 Gwendolyn Elizabeth Brooks est une poétesse américaine née le 7 juin 1917 à Topeka (Kansas) et morte le 3 décembre 2000 à Chicago, (Illinois) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Brooks — /brooks/, n. 1. Gwendolyn, born 1917, U.S. poet and novelist. 2. Phillips, 1835 93, U.S. Protestant Episcopal bishop and pulpit orator. 3. Van Wyck /van wuyk /, 1886 1963, U.S. author and critic. 4. a male given name. * * * (as used in… …   Universalium

  • Brooks — Brooks, Louise Brooks, Richard * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Henry (Brooks) Brooks, cordillera de Brooks, Gwendolyn (Elizabeth) Brooks, James L. Brooks, Louise Brooks, Mel Brooks, Rodney Allen …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gwendolyn Brooks — auf dem Miami Book Fair (1985) Gwendolyn Brooks (* 7. Juni 1917 in Topeka, Kansas; † 3. Dezember 2000 in Chicago, Illinois) war eine US amerikanische Schriftstellerin. 1968 wurde sie Poet Laureate von Illinois …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gwendolyn Brooks — Gwendolyn Brooks, en 1985 Gwendolyn Elizabeth Brooks est une poétesse américaine née le 7 juin 1917 à Topeka (Kansas) et morte le 3 décembre 2000 à Chicago, (Illinois). Fille de Keziah Wims Brooks et David Anderso …   Wikipédia en Français

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