bronze work


bronze work

      implements and artwork made of bronze, which is an alloy of copper (copper work), tin, and, occasionally, small amounts of lead and other metals.

 Bronze first came into use before 3000 BC but was rare until an extensive trade in tin developed following the discovery of large tin deposits, such as those in Great Britain (United Kingdom). Until the development of iron about 1000 BC, bronze was used widely in weapons, armour, tools, and other implements. Even in modern times, bronze is still used for certain kinds of machine parts. Bronze is not as malleable as copper or silver, nor is it readily forged or chased. Its unique casting properties, however, have assured its continued preeminence in cast sculpture.

      As molten bronze solidifies, it expands, assuring the faithful reproduction of every detail in the mold. As the solidified bronze cools further, it contracts slightly, easing removal of the sculpture from the mold. Bronze sculpture is often esteemed for the natural patina that forms over time as the surface of the bronze tarnishes. The thin, uniform patina of green and blue copper compounds confers not only aesthetic qualities but also a measure of protection to the underlying metal. In the Middle Ages, bronze found extensive uses in churches and cathedrals, both for bronze doors and for bronze vessels, candlesticks, reliquaries, and other liturgical implements. Bronze also was used in households for basins and ewers, candlesticks and chandeliers, and fittings for furniture as late as the 19th century. Bronze work was often decorated, by such techniques as engraving, inlaying, enameling, and gilding.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • bronze — bronzy, bronzelike, adj. /bronz/, n., v., bronzed, bronzing, adj. n. 1. Metall. a. any of various alloys consisting essentially of copper and tin, the tin content not exceeding 11 percent. b. any of various other alloys having a large copper… …   Universalium

  • Bronze — This article is about the metal alloy. For other uses, see Bronze (disambiguation). Bronze Chola statue of Nataraja from India at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City Bronze is a metal alloy consisting primarily of copper, usually with… …   Wikipedia

  • Bronze sculpture — Bronze is the most popular metal for cast metal sculptures; a cast bronze sculpture is often called simply a bronze . Common bronze alloys have the unusual and desirable property of expanding slightly just before they set, thus filling the finest …   Wikipedia

  • Bronze wool — is a bundle of very fine bronze filaments, used in finishing and repair work to polish wood or metal objects. Bronze wool is similar to steel wool, but is used in its place to avoid some problems associated with broken filaments: steel rusts… …   Wikipedia

  • bronze — ► NOUN 1) a yellowish brown alloy of copper and tin. 2) a yellowish brown colour. 3) a work of sculpture or other object made of bronze. ► VERB 1) give a bronze surface to. 2) make suntanned. DERIVATIVES …   English terms dictionary

  • Bronze race — ( es. raza de bronce) is a term used by early 20th century Latin American writers of the indigenista and americanista schools to refer to the mestizo population that arose in America with the arrival of European (particularly Spanish) colonisers… …   Wikipedia

  • Bronze Age of Comic Books — The Bronze Age of Comic Books is an informal name for a period in the history of mainstream American comic books usually said to run from the early 1970s to the mid 1980s. It followed the Silver Age of Comic Books. [ The Overstreet Comic Book… …   Wikipedia

  • Bronze Night — The Bronze Night ( et. Pronksiöö), also known as the April Unrest ( et. Aprillirahutused) and April Events ( et. Aprillisündmused) refer to the riots and controversy surrounding the 2007 relocation of the Bronze Soldier of Tallinn, the Soviet… …   Wikipedia

  • Bronze Horseman — This article is about the statue. For the poem by Aleksandr Pushkin, see The Bronze Horseman (poem). For the novel by Paullina Simons, see The Bronze Horseman (novel). The Bronze Horseman The Bronze Horseman (Russian: Медный всадник, literally… …   Wikipedia

  • Bronze Wolf Award — infobox WorldScouting type = award name = Bronze Wolf caption = Award with ribbon f date = 1935 08 02 founder = International Committee country = worldwide members = 320 (2005 data) award for = Outstanding service to ScoutingThe Bronze Wolf is… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.