Brontë, Anne

Brontë, Anne

▪ British author
pseudonym  Acton Bell  
born Jan. 17, 1820, Thornton, Yorkshire, Eng.
died May 28, 1849, Scarborough, Yorkshire
 English poet and novelist, sister of Charlotte (Brontë, Charlotte) and Emily Brontë (Brontë, Emily) and author of Agnes Grey (1847) and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall (1848).

      The youngest of six children of Patrick and Marie Brontë, Anne was taught in the family's Haworth home and at Roe Head School. With her sister Emily, she invented the imaginary kingdom of Gondal, about which they wrote verse and prose (the latter now lost) from the early 1830s until 1845. She took a position as governess briefly in 1839 and then again for four years, 1841–45, with the Robinsons, the family of a clergyman, at Thorpe Green, near York. There her irresponsible brother, Branwell, joined her in 1843, intending to serve as a tutor. Anne returned home in 1845 and was followed shortly by her brother, who had been dismissed, charged with making love to his employer's wife.

      In 1846 Anne contributed 21 poems to Poems by Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell, a joint work with her sisters Charlotte and Emily. Her first novel, Agnes Grey, was published together with Emily's Wuthering Heights in three volumes (of which Agnes Grey was the third) in December 1847. The reception to these volumes, associated in the public mind with the immense popularity of Charlotte's Jane Eyre (October 1847), led to quick publication of Anne's second novel (again as Acton Bell), The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, published in three volumes in June 1848; it sold well. She fell ill with tuberculosis toward the end of the year and died the following May.

      Her novel Agnes Grey, probably begun at Thorpe Green, records with limpidity and some humour the life of a governess. George Moore called it “simple and beautiful as a muslin dress.” The Tenant of Wildfell Hall presents an unsoftened picture of the debauchery and degradation of the heroine's first husband and sets against it the Arminian belief, opposed to Calvinist predestination, that no soul shall be ultimately lost. Her outspokenness raised some scandal, and Charlotte deplored the subject as morbid and out of keeping with her sister's nature, but the vigorous writing indicates that Anne found in it not only a moral obligation but also an opportunity of artistic development.

Additional Reading
Works focusing on Anne Brontë include Ada Harrison and Derek Stanford, Anne Brontë: Her Life and Work (1959, reissued 1970); Winifred Gérin, Anne Brontë, new ed. (1976); P.J.M. Scott, Anne Brontë: A New Critical Assessment (1983); and Elizabeth Hollis Berry, Anne Brontë's Radical Vision (1994).

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Brontë, Anne — ► (1820 49). Novelista británica, hermana de Charlotte y Emily Brontë, que escribió con el seudónimo de Acton Bell. Obras: Agnes Grey y La granjera de Wildfell Hall, entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Brontë, Anne —  (1820–1849), (Patrick) Branwell (1817–1848), Charlotte (1816–1855), and Emily (Jane) (1818–1848): English literary family. Among their best known works are Emily’s Wuthering Heights, Charlotte’s Jane Eyre, and Anne’s The Tenant of Wildfell Hall …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Anne Bronte — Anne Brontë Pour les articles homonymes, voir Brontë. Anne Brontë Aquarelle de Charlotte Brontë (1834). Anne Brontë (17  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anne Brontë — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Anne Brontë, por Charlotte Brontë, 1834 Anne Brontë (17 de enero de 1820, Thorton, Yorkshire del Oeste – 28 de mayo de 1849, Scarborough) novelista y poetisa británica, la más …   Wikipedia Español

  • Anne Bronte — Anne Brontë, gemalt von ihrer Schwester Charlotte Anne Brontë [ˈbrɒnti] (* 17. Januar 1820 in Thornton (Yorkshire); † 28. Mai 1849 in Scarborough) war eine britische Schriftstellerin. Sie veröffentlichte ihre Roman …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brontë Society — Brontë Parsonage Museum Le presbytère de Haworth, qui fut la maison des Brontë, est aujourd hui transformée en musée, sous le nom de Brontë Parsonage Museum …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bronte — or Brontë is a common Christian name and surname.;People: *Brontë literary family: ** Charlotte Brontë ** Emily Brontë ** Anne Brontë ** Patrick Brontë ** Patrick Branwell Brontë * Bronte, term for the Duke of Bronte, Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount …   Wikipedia

  • Brontë — puede referirse a Las hermanas Brontë, novelistas británicas del siglo XIX (w:en) Emily Brontë Charlotte Brontë Anne Brontë Brontë (cráter), en el planeta Mercurio, en honor a las hermanas Brontë Véase también Bronte …   Wikipedia Español

  • Anne Brontë — Infobox Writer name = Anne Brontë caption = Anne Brontë, by Charlotte Brontë, 1834 birthdate = birth date|1820|1|17|df=y birthplace = Thornton, Yorkshire, England deathdate = death date and age|1849|5|28|1820|1|17|df=y deathplace = Scarborough,… …   Wikipedia

  • Anne Brontë — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Brontë. Anne Brontë Anne Brontë. Aquarelle de Charlotte Brontë (1834) …   Wikipédia en Français


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