Bourbaki, Nicolas

Bourbaki, Nicolas

▪ French group of mathematicians
      pseudonym chosen by eight or nine young mathematicians in France in the mid 1930s to represent the essence of a “contemporary mathematician.” The surname, selected in jest, was that of a French general who fought in the Franco-German War (1870–71). The mathematicians who collectively wrote under the Bourbaki pseudonym at one time studied at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris and were admirers of the German mathematician David Hilbert (Hilbert, David). The founders included the Frenchmen Claude Chevalley, André Weil (Weil, André), Henri Cartan (Cartan, Henri), and Jean Dieudonné (Dieudonné, Jean); after World War II they were joined by the Polish American Samuel Eilenberg. Members agreed to retire from the group at age 50, but the group's ranks were replenished with new recruits.

      The group's purpose was originally to write a rigorous textbook in analysis, but it grew to include presentations of many branches of algebra and analysis, including topology, from an axiomatic point of view. The Bourbaki writings commenced in 1939 with the first volume of their Éléments de mathématique (“Elements of Mathematics”). The still-incomplete series of more than 30 monographs soon became a standard reference on the fundamental aspects of modern mathematics. The various historical notes included at the ends of chapters were published as a collection in 1960 in Eléments d'histoire des mathématiques (“History of the Elements of Mathematics”).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bourbaki , Nicolas — French group of mathematicians ‘Bourbaki’ is the collective nom de plume of a group of some of the most outstanding of contemporary mathematicians. The precise membership of Bourbaki, which naturally has changed over the years, is a closely… …   Scientists

  • Bourbaki, Nicolas — The pseudonym for a group of French mathematicians that since 1939 has produced a multi volume rigorous axiomatic treatment of mathematical structures …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Bourbaki, Nicolas — ► Nombre adoptado por un grupo de matemáticos franceses que desde 1930 presentaron axiomáticamente lo esencial de la ciencia matemática …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Бурбаки Никола (Bourbaki Nicolas) — Бурбаки Никола (Bourbaki Nicolas), псевдоним, под которым группа математиков во Франции предприняла (с 1939) попытку изложить различные математические теории с позиций формального аксиоматического метода (многотомный трактат «Элементы… …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь

  • Bourbaki — Bourbaki, Nicolas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bourbaki — (Nicolas) pseudonyme collectif de mathématiciens français qui se consacrent depuis 1939 à l exposé logique des mathématiques …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nicolas Bourbaki — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bourbaki. Nicolas Bourbaki est un mathématicien imaginaire, sous le nom duquel un groupe de mathématiciens francophones, formé en 1935 à Besse et Saint Anastaise (Besse en Chandesse à l époque) en Auvergne sous l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicolas Bourbaki — Bourbaki Kongress 1938, von links: Simone Weil, Charles Pisot, André Weil, Jean Dieudonné (sitzend), Claude Chabauty, Charles Ehresmann, Jean Delsarte Nicolas Bourbaki ist das kollektive Pseudonym einer Gruppe vorwiegend französischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BOURBAKI (N.) — Nicolas Bourbaki est le nom d’un écrivain mathématique de langue française qui, depuis 1940, a entrepris de publier un traité intitulé Éléments de mathématique . De ces éléments ont été déjà publiées plus de trente monographies représentant un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nicolas Bourbaki — es el nombre colectivo de un grupo de matemáticos franceses que en los años 30 del siglo XX se propusieron revisar los fundamentos de las matemáticas con una exigencia de rigor mucho mayor que la que entonces era moneda corriente en esta ciencia …   Wikipedia Español