Bertillon, Alphonse

Bertillon, Alphonse

▪ French official
born April 23, 1853, Paris
died Feb. 13, 1914, Münsterlingen, Switz.
 chief of criminal identification for the Paris police (from 1880) who developed an identification system known as anthropometry, or the Bertillon system, that came into wide use in France and other countries.

      The younger brother of the statistician and demographer Jacques Bertillon, Alphonse Bertillon in 1882 introduced his system of identification, which incorporates a series of refined bodily measurements, physical description, and photographs. The Bertillon system was superseded by fingerprinting as the primary method of identification, though it remains an excellent means of furnishing a minutely descriptive portrait, valuable to investigators. Bertillon wrote extensively on his method, one work being La Photographie judiciaire (1890). A biography by H.T.F. Rhodes, Alphonse Bertillon: Father of Scientific Detection, was published in 1954.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bertillon, Alphonse — (1853 1914)    criminologist    Born in Paris, Alphonse Bertillon was a chief of the judicial identification bureau of the Paris police prefecture. In 1882, he created the field of anthropometry (known also as the Bertillon system), as a method… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Bertillon,Alphonse — Ber·til·lon (bûrʹtl ŏn , bĕr tē yôɴʹ), Alphonse. 1853 1914. French anthropologist and criminologist who devised the Bertillon system (1880). * * * …   Universalium

  • Bertillon, Alphonse — ► (1853 1914) Antropólogo francés. Fue autor de un sistema antropométrico que lleva su nombre para la identificación de los criminales …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bertillon — Bertillon, Alphonse …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alphonse Bertillon — Alphonse Bertillon, autoportrait, 1900. Naissance 22 avril  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bertillon System — Die Bertillonage ist die Bezeichnung für ein von Alphonse Bertillon entwickeltes anthropometrisches System zur Identifizierung von Personen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Grundlagen 2 Körpermaße 3 Geschichte 4 Quellen // …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alphonse Bertillon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Alphonse Bertillon …   Wikipedia Español

  • BERTILLON (LES) — BERTILLON LES Né à Paris, Alphonse Bertillon appartient à une famille prestigieuse. Son père, Louis Adolphe (1821 1883), ami de Michelet, proche du mouvement socialiste (en juin 1848, il prodigue ses soins aux blessés des barricades), était un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alphonse — ist die französische Form des männlichen Vornamens Alfons. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bekannte Namensträger 1.1 Vorname 1.2 Familienname 1.3 Sonstiges …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bertillon system — Ber til lon sys tem [After Alphonse Bertillon, French anthropologist.] A system for the identification of persons by a physical description based upon anthropometric measurements, notes of markings, deformities, color, impression of thumb lines,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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