Benckendorff, Aleksandr Khristoforovich, Count


Benckendorff, Aleksandr Khristoforovich, Count

▪ Russian general and statesman
(Graf)
born 1783, Tallinn, Russia [now in Estonia]
died Sept. 23 [Oct. 5, New Style], 1844, St. Petersburg

      general and statesman who played a prominent role in the Napoleonic Wars and later served as Tsar Nicholas I's (Nicholas I) chief of police.

      Of Baltic-German origin, Benckendorff joined the Russian army and was one of the officers who assassinated Emperor Paul I in 1801. Between 1806 and 1815 he fought in numerous military campaigns, distinguishing himself particularly when he became commandant of Moscow, joined the pursuit of the French forces as they fled from Russia (1812), and engaged in many battles against the French in Germany and the Low Countries and Belgium.

      Benckendorff then served as aide-de-camp to Tsar Alexander I (1819–21) and, having been promoted to lieutenant general, was given command of the cuirassier division of the guards (1821). In 1825, when the liberal Decembrists (Decembrist) attempted to prevent the succession of Nicholas to the throne and to force the establishment of constitutional government in Russia, Benckendorff commanded the troops that suppressed their uprising; later, he played a leading role in prosecuting them. The relentless way in which he and fellow generals of German origin in Russia tracked down members of eminent Russian noble families who had been connected with the Decembrist movement aroused popular belief that the German generals were trying to liquidate their Slav rivals in the government.

      In January 1826 he submitted a plan to Nicholas for organizing a department of political police. When Nicholas then created the third section of the imperial chancellery, Benckendorff was placed in charge of both the gendarmerie and the third section, with responsibility for the work of regular and secret police, posts he held until his death.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pushkin, Aleksandr Sergeyevich — ▪ Russian author Introduction born May 26 [June 6, New Style], 1799, Moscow, Russia died Jan. 29 [Feb. 10], 1837, St. Petersburg  Russian poet, novelist, dramatist, and short story writer; he has often been considered his country s greatest poet… …   Universalium

  • Alexander von Benckendorff — Count Alexander von Benckendorff, ( ru. граф Александр Христофорович Бенкендорф, Aleksandr Khristoforovich Benkendorf , OldStyleDate|4 July|1781|23 June or 1783 OldStyleDate|5 October|1844|23 September) was a Russian Lieutenant General and… …   Wikipedia

  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium

  • police — /peuh lees /, n., v., policed, policing. n. 1. Also called police force. an organized civil force for maintaining order, preventing and detecting crime, and enforcing the laws. 2. (used with a pl. v.) members of such a force: Several police are… …   Universalium

  • Third Department — ▪ Russian political office Russian  Tretye Otdeleniye,  also called  Third Section Of His Imperial Majesty s Own Chancery In Russia,         office created by Emperor Nicholas I (July 15 [July 3, old style], 1826) to conduct secret police… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.