Beaufort Family


Beaufort Family

▪ English family
      English family comprising the descendants of Edward III's son John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, by his liaison with Catherine Swynford; the name derived from a lordship that Gaunt had held in France, the modern Montmorency-Beaufort near Bar-sur-Aube. The four offspring of the union were legitimized after their parents' subsequent marriage (1396) but were, by their half brother, Henry IV, expressly excluded from succession to the crown. The first generation comprised John (d. 1410) created Marquess of Somerset and Marquess of Dorset; Henry, cardinal bishop of Winchester; Thomas (d. 1426); and a sister, Joan. In the next generation, the possible claim to the throne of John's third (but then first surviving) son, Edmund Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset (d. 1455), precipitated the Wars of the Roses, in which the remaining male members of the house were killed. Margaret Beaufort, Edmund's niece, became the mother of the future king Henry VII.

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  • Beaufort Family —    A branch of the house of LANCASTER, the Beaufort family transmitted the Lancastrian claim to the Crown to the house of TUDOR. The family sprang from the 1396 marriage of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster (1340– 1399), to his longtime mistress… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Beaufort (surname) — Beaufort is the name of a noble family of 14th and 15th century England, descended from John of Gaunt. For a list of individual Beauforts, see Beaufort family.Beaufort is also the surname of: * Carel Godin de Beaufort, Porsche Formula 1 Driver… …   Wikipedia

  • Beaufort, Edmund, Duke of Somerset —    1) (c. 1406–1455)    Through his quarrel with Richard PLANTAGENET, duke of York, Edmund Beaufort, second duke of Somerset, helped initiate the political conflicts that eventually escalated into the WARS OF THE ROSES.    Edmund Beaufort was a… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Beaufort, Margaret, Countess of Richmond and Derby — (1443–1509)    After RICHARD III’s usurpation of the Crown revived dynastic strife in the mid 1480s, Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond, worked secretly to ensure that her son, Henry Tudor, earl of Richmond, made good the BEAUFORT FAMILY’s… …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Beaufort, Henry, Duke of Somerset — (1436–1464)    The son and heir of Edmund BEAUFORT, second duke of Somerset, Henry Beaufort, third duke of Somerset, was one of the chief military leaders of the Lancastrian cause during the first phase (1459–1461) of the WARS OF THE ROSES.    In …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Beaufort's Naked-backed Fruit Bat — Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1) Scientific classification …   Wikipedia

  • Beaufort, South Carolina — Infobox Settlement official name = Beaufort, South Carolina settlement type = City nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = 250px map caption = Location of Beaufort, South Carolina mapsize1 = map caption1 = subdivision type …   Wikipedia

  • Beaufort County, South Carolina — Infobox U.S. County county = Beaufort County state = South Carolina map size = 225 founded = 1769 seat = Beaufort | area total sq mi =923 area land sq mi =587 area water sq mi =336 area percentage = 36.41% census yr = 2000 pop = 120937 (137,849… …   Wikipedia

  • Beaufort, North Carolina — Infobox Settlement official name = Beaufort, North Carolina settlement type = Town nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = 250x200px map caption = Location of Beaufort, North Carolina mapsize1 = map caption1 = subdivision… …   Wikipedia

  • Beaufort County, North Carolina — Infobox U.S. County county = Beaufort County state = North Carolina map size = 250 founded = 1712 seat = Washington | area total sq mi =959 area water sq mi =131 area percentage = 13.64% census yr = 2000 pop = 44958 density km2 =21 web =… …   Wikipedia


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