Barre, Raymond


Barre, Raymond

▪ prime minister of France
born April 12, 1924, Saint-Denis, Réunion
died Aug. 25, 2007, Paris, France
 economist and politician who served as prime minister of France (1976–81).

      Barre completed his early schooling in Réunion and then moved to Paris, where he studied law, economics, and politics at the faculty of law of the University of Paris and at the Institut d'Études Politiques (Institute for Political Studies). He later taught at both institutions and at other universities.

      In 1959 Barre became an adviser to the government of President Charles de Gaulle (Gaulle, Charles de). From 1967 to 1972 he was vice president for economic and financial affairs of the Commission of the European Communities, where he was influential in drafting proposals for economic reforms and monetary union. Barre then became a director of the Banque de France (France, Banque de). In January 1976 he was appointed minister of foreign trade in the French government. In August of that year President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing (Giscard d'Estaing, Valéry) appointed Barre prime minister; he served in that position until 1981. Acting also as minister of finance and economic affairs, he instituted austerity measures to reduce government expenditures and to control inflation.

      In 1978 Barre was elected from the Rhône département as a deputy to the National Assembly. He ran unsuccessfully for the presidency of France in 1988. In 1995 he was elected mayor of Lyon, a position he held until 2001.

      Barre published a number of works on economics and politics, among them the widely used textbook Économie politique (1956; “Political Economy”), which frequently appeared in revised editions. Among his many honours was admission as a chevalier to France's Legion of Honour.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barre, Raymond — (1924 )    economist and political figure    Born in Saint Denis, La Réunion, and educated in Paris (Institut d études politiques), Raymond Barre is a distinguished professor of laws and economic sciences and has served as vice president of the… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Barre, Raymond-Octave-Joseph — ▪ 2008  French economist and politician born April 12, 1924, Saint Denis, Réunion died Aug. 25, 2007, Paris, France as prime minister (1976–81) and minister of finance and economic affairs (1976–78) of France, instituted austerity measures to… …   Universalium

  • Raymond Octave Joseph Barre — Raymond Barre Pour les articles homonymes, voir Barre. Raymond Barre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BARRE (R.) — BARRE RAYMOND (1924 ) Né à Saint Denis, dans l’île de la Réunion, de parents négociants, Raymond Barre fait de brillantes études; il s’engage en 1943 dans les Forces françaises libres. Diplômé de Sciences po, il ne choisit pas l’E.N.A., à la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Raymond Barre — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Raymond Barre Raymond Barre (12 de abril de 1924 25 de agosto de 2007 ) Economista y político de centroderecha francés. Raymond Barre fue inicialmente catedrático de economía en el Institut …   Wikipedia Español

  • barre — [ bar ] n. f. • fin XIIe; lat. pop. °barra, à rapprocher du lat. médiév. barra « barrière » et de vara « traverse », de varus « opposé » 1 ♦ Pièce longue et rigide. Barre de bois (⇒ bâton; baguette) , de fer (⇒ tringle) . Barres transversales d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • barré — barre [ bar ] n. f. • fin XIIe; lat. pop. °barra, à rapprocher du lat. médiév. barra « barrière » et de vara « traverse », de varus « opposé » 1 ♦ Pièce longue et rigide. Barre de bois (⇒ bâton; baguette) , de fer (⇒ …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Raymond Barre — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Barre. Raymond Barre Raymond Barre le 29 avril 1991, à Bonn …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Raymond Barre — Raymond Barre, 1991 Raymond Barre (* 12. April 1924 in Saint Denis auf Réunion; † 25. August 2007 in Paris) war ein französischer Politiker und Wirtschaftswissenschaftler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barre — or Barré is a surname, and may refer to:* Abdulrahman Jama Barre, Somali Foreign Minister * Erika Michelle Barré, Canadian model * Isaac Barré, British soldier and politician * Jacques Jean Barre, French engraver (also often styled Jean Jacques… …   Wikipedia


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