Barnard, Edward Emerson


Barnard, Edward Emerson

▪ American astronomer
born Dec. 16, 1857, Nashville, Tenn., U.S.
died Feb. 6, 1923, Williams Bay, Wis.

      astronomer who pioneered in celestial photography and who was the leading observational astronomer of his time.

      In 1889 he began to photograph the Milky Way with large-aperture lenses, revealing much new detail. He discovered 16 comets and Jupiter's fifth satellite (1892). In 1916 he discovered the star (Barnard's star) that has the greatest known proper motion (motion of an individual star relative to the other stars). He published a catalog of dark nebulae in 1919.

      From 1883 to 1887 he studied at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, and was in charge of the observatory there. In 1887 he was appointed astronomer at Lick Observatory, Mt. Hamilton, California. From 1895 until his death he was professor of practical astronomy at the University of Chicago and astronomer at Yerkes Observatory in Williams Bay, Wis. His eyesight was renowned. He observed Mars in a position that was not directly opposite the Sun, when detail is revealed through shadowing, and also observed Martian craters in the 1890s. He made neither of those observations public at the time.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barnard,Edward Emerson — Bar·nard (bärʹnərd), Edward Emerson. 1857 1923. American astronomer and pioneer in photography noted for the discovery of Jupiter s fifth satellite (1892) and Barnard s star (1916), the second nearest star system to the sun. * * * …   Universalium

  • Barnard , Edward Emerson — (1857–1923) American astronomer Although Barnard was born into a poor family in Nashville, Tennessee, and received little formal education, he developed a great interest in astronomy and also became familiar with photographic techniques from his… …   Scientists

  • Barnard, Edward Emerson — ► (1857 1923) Astrónomo estadounidense. Descubrió el quinto satélite de Júpiter, diecisiete cometas nuevos y la estrella que lleva su nombre …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edward Emerson Barnard — (* 16. Dezember 1857 in Nashville, Tennessee; † 6. Februar 1923 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Astronom. Leben Edward Barnard wurde als Sohn von Reuben Barnard und Elizabeth Jane geb. H …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edward Emerson Barnard — (December 16, 1857 – February 6, 1923) was an American astronomer. He was commonly known as E. E. Barnard, and was recognized as a gifted observational astronomer. He is best known for his discovery of Barnard s star in 1916, which is named in… …   Wikipedia

  • Edward Emerson Barnard — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Barnard. Edward Emerson Barnard. Edward Emerson Barnard (16 décembre 1857 à Nashville, Tennessee …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edward Emerson Barnard — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edward Emerson Barnard Nacimiento 6 de diciembre de 1857 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Edward E. Barnard — Edward Emerson Barnard Pour les articles homonymes, voir Barnard. Edward Emerson Barnard. Edward Emerson Barnard (16 décembre 1857 6 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edward Barnard — Edward Emerson Barnard Edward Emerson Barnard (* 16. Dezember 1857 in Nashville, Tennessee; † 6. Februar 1923 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Astronom. Er war einer der Pioniere für die Astrofotografie der Milchstraße; viele seiner Aufnahmen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barnard — Barnard, Christian Barnard, Edward Emerson * * * (as used in expressions) Barnard, Christiaan (Neethling) Barnard, estrella de Barnard, Henry …   Enciclopedia Universal


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