Barkla, Charles Glover

Barkla, Charles Glover

▪ British physicist
born June 7, 1877, Widnes, Lancashire, Eng.
died Oct. 23, 1944, Edinburgh, Scot.

      British physicist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1917 for his work on X-ray scattering, which occurs when X rays pass through a material and are deflected by the atomic electrons. This technique proved to be particularly useful in the study of atomic structures.

      Educated at Trinity and King's colleges, Cambridge, he joined the faculty of Liverpool University in 1902, moved to the University of London in 1909, and became professor of natural philosophy at the University of Edinburgh in 1913.

      In 1906 Barkla and C.A. Sadler used X-ray scattering to determine the number of electrons in the carbon atom. At about the same time Barkla was able to polarize X rays (select X-ray waves that vibrate in the same plane), thus demonstrating that X rays are transverse waves and hence like other electromagnetic radiations, such as light.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Charles Glover Barkla — (* 7. Juni 1877 in Widnes, Lancashire; † 23. Oktober 1944 in Edinburgh) war ein britischer Physiker. 1917 wurde er mit dem Nobelpreis für Physik ausgezeichnet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Charles Glover — may refer to: Charles William Glover (1806 1863), English violinist and composer Charles Glover Barkla (1877–1944), British physicist Charles Richmond Glover, last mayor, and first Lord Mayor (1919), of the City of Adelaide See also Charles C.… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Glover Barkla — (n. Widnes, Lancashire, 7 de junio de 1877 † Edimburgo, 23 de octubre de 1944). Físico inglés. Alumno del University College de Liverpool y de la Universidad de Cambridge, fue luego profesor de física en la …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Physiknobelpreis 1917: Charles Glover Barkla —   Der englische Physiker erhielt den Nobelpreis für die Entdeckung der charakteristischen Röntgenstrahlung der Elemente.    Biografie   Charles Glover Barkla, * Widnes (England) 7. 6. 1877, ✝ Edinburgh (Schottland) 23. 10. 1944; Studium der …   Universal-Lexikon

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