Baraita


Baraita

also spelled  Baraitha (Hebrew: “Outside Teaching,” or “Exclusion”),  plural  Baraitot, Baraitoth, or Baraithoth,  

      any of the ancient oral traditions of Jewish religious law that were not included in the Mishna (the first authoritative codification of such laws). The Baraitot that are found dispersed singly throughout the Palestinian and Babylonian Talmuds are often recognizable by such introductory words as “it was taught” or “the rabbi taught.” Other Baraitot are found in independent collections, the best known of which is called Tosefta; (Tosefta) in form and content it parallels the Mishna. Halakhic Midrashim (interpretations and commentaries on Oral Law) are another source of Baraitot. Since the Mishna was selective and concisely phrased, Baraitot preserved oral traditions of Jewish law that might otherwise have been lost.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Baraita — Baraïta Littérature rabbinique Littérature de Hazal Mishna • Tossefta Guemara • Talmud Talmud de Jérusalem Talmud de Babylone Traités mineurs Baraïta Midrash Halakha Baraïta de Rabbi Ishmaël Mekhilt …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Baraita — (Aramaic ברייתא: external , outside ; pl. Baraitot (actually, Barayata ) . Also Baraitha, Beraita, Ashkenazi Beraisa) designates a tradition in the Jewish oral law not incorporated in the Mishnah. Baraita thus refers to teachings outside of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Baraïta — (judéo araméen ברייתא barayata, « extérieur » ; pl. baraïtot) est un terme générique désignant une tradition orale juive non incorporée dans la Mishna. Il peut s appliquer à un ensemble des « enseignements extérieurs »… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Baraita — (aramäisch ברייתא etwas, das außerhalb ist ; pl. Baraitot) bezeichnet eine Lehrmeinung aus tannaitischer Zeit, die jedoch keinen Eingang in die Mischna gefunden hat. Außerhalb bezieht sich dementsprechend auf außerhalb der Mischna . Ursprünglich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baraita — noun Any of various Jewish traditions that are not included in the Mishnah …   Wiktionary

  • baraita — ba·rai·ta …   English syllables

  • baraita — …   Useful english dictionary

  • BARAITA, BARAITOT — (Aram. בָּרַיְתָא, pl. בָּרַיְתוֹת), Aramaic for the Hebrew word ḥiẓonah ( external ) and an abbreviated form of the phrase matnita baraita – external mishnah, i.e., a tannaitic tradition which is not included in the Mishnah of Rabbi judah ha… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Baraita on the Erection of the Tabernacle — is a Baraita cited several times by Hai Gaon, by Nathan ben Jehiel in the Aruk , as well as in Rashi, Yalḳut, and Maimonides. Rashi calls it a Mishnah . It treats in fourteen sections (in the Munich MS., sections i. and ii. constitute one… …   Wikipedia

  • BARAITA DE-MELEKHET HA-MISHKAN — (On the Building of the Tabernacle), ancient collection containing 14 chapters, giving a description of the building of the Tabernacle. The baraita is quoted by early authorities, including Hai Gaon, Rashi, the tosafists, and Naḥmanides, under… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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