Bandar-e ʿAbbās


Bandar-e ʿAbbās

Iran
      port city on the Strait of Hormuz (Hormuz, Strait of), the main maritime outlet for much of southern Iran. It lies on the northern shore of Hormuz Bay opposite the islands of Qeshm, Lārak, and Hormuz. The inhabitants are mainly Arabs and African blacks. The summer climate is oppressively hot and humid, and many inhabitants then move to cooler places; however, winter is pleasant.

      Bandar-e ʿAbbās (“Port of ʿAbbās”) was established in 1623 by Shāh Abbās Iʿ to replace the city of Hormuz, which had been captured by the Portuguese about 1514. During the 17th century it was the main port of Persia, but it lost this status in the 18th century to the rival “Port of Būshehr” ( Bandar-e Būshehr). From about 1793 Bandar-e ʿAbbās was under lease to the rulers of Muscat, but in 1868 Iran canceled the contract and resumed direct control.

      The port's imports consist mainly of manufactured goods; its exports include Kermān rugs, petroleum products, and agricultural produce. The town has a cotton mill, a fish cannery, and an oil refinery (opened in 1991). A natural gas refinery was under construction in the mid-1990s. The roadstead is shallow and badly sheltered, and vessels must sometimes lie 4 miles (6.5 km) out. Despite the poor quality of its port facilities, the town boomed during the Iran-Iraq War of the 1980s when Iran's more westerly ports were threatened. A new harbour and shipbuilding yard were under construction in the late 20th century west of the existing port, and a major rail link was completed in 1995. Pop. (2006) 379,301.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Bandar-e-Abbas — geographical name see Bandar ‘Abbas …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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  • Bandar 'Abbas — Original name in latin Bandar ‘Abbs Name in other language Bandar Abbas, Bandar Abbas Bandar Abbas, Bandar Abbasi, Bandar ‘Abbs, Bandar ‘Abbs Bandar Abbos, Bandar e Abbas, Bandar e Abbas, Bandar e ‘Abbs, Bender Abbas, Cambarao, Cambaro, Gombroon …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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  • Bandar ‘Abbas — or Bandar e Abbas geographical name city S Iran on Strait of Hormuz population 201,642 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Bandar Abbas — Bandar Abbas …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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