Baghdad Railway


Baghdad Railway

      major rail line connecting Istanbul with the Persian Gulf region. Work on the first phase of the railway, which involved an extension of an existing line between Haidar Pasha and Ismid to Ankara, was begun in 1888 by the Ottoman Empire with German financial assistance. In 1902 the Ottoman government granted a German firm the concession to lay new track eastward from Ankara to Baghdad. Financial difficulties and the technical problems of tunneling through the Taurus Mountains made progress extremely slow. Because of its potential strategic importance, work on the line was accelerated after the empire entered World War I on the side of Germany and the other Central Powers. By the end of the war in 1918 the line had been extended from the Bosporus to Nusaybin, several hundred miles short of Baghdad. This remaining stretch and a subsequent extension to the port of Basra near the Persian Gulf were eventually completed by Syria and Iraq, which had been formed after the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Baghdad Railway — Chemin de Fer Impérial Ottoman de Baghdad CIOB in red (CFOA route to İstanbul in blue) Baghdad railway circa 1900 1910 …   Wikipedia

  • Berlin-Baghdad Railway —    An Ottoman German initiative to construct a continuous rail link between the German capital and Baghdad, securing for Germany access to the Persian Gulf and the Ottoman Empire a modern transportation infrastructure. In 1888, the Ottoman… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Railway stations in Iraq — include: Maps * [http://www.iraqrailways.com/private/indexen.htm Official website] * [http://www.on track on line.com/foto iraq.shtml On Track on line web log showing some recent photos] * [http://www.ajg41.clara.co.uk/iraqrailways.html Andrew s… …   Wikipedia

  • Baghdad — /bag dad, beuhg dad /, n. a city in and the capital of Iraq, in the central part, on the Tigris. 2,800,000. Also, Bagdad. * * * or Bagdad City (pop., 1999 est.: metro. area, 4,689,000), capital of Iraq. Located on the Tigris River, the site has… …   Universalium

  • Baghdad Metro — The Baghdad Metro is a surface commuter train that operates in the Iraqi city of Baghdad. It is operated by the state owned Iraqi Republic Railways. It resumed operation in October, 2008. The train runs about 24 kilometres (15 mi) between… …   Wikipedia

  • Istanbul Haydarpaşa railway station — Istanbul Haydarpaşa is a terminus main station of the Turkish State Railways (TCDD) in Haydarpaşa close to Kadiköy at the Anatolian part of Istanbul, Turkey. International, domestic and regional trains running to east and southbound destinations… …   Wikipedia

  • Mardin–Şenyurt Railway Branch — Mardin Şenyurt Railway Branch …   Wikipedia

  • Nusaybin railway station — Nusaybin Station statistics Coordinates 37°04′34″N 41°13′ …   Wikipedia

  • Southern Railway (Turkey) — Cenup Demiryolları Cenup Demiryolları in blue. Reporting mark CD Locale Cilicia Dates of operation …   Wikipedia

  • Hejaz railway — The Hejaz Railway (also Hedjaz, etc.) was a narrow gauge railway (105 cm) that ran from Damascus to Medina, through the Hejaz region of Arabia, with a branch line to Haifa, on the Mediterranean Sea. It was a part of the Ottoman railway network… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.