town, capital of Cantal département, Auvergne région, south-central France. It lies along the Jourdanne River at an elevation of 2,040 feet (622 metres) above sea level, southwest of Clermont-Ferrand. Gerbert, the first French pope (known as Sylvester II), was born in the town and was educated at the nearby Saint-Géraud abbey (founded 894). In the Religious Wars of the 16th century, a general massacre of Huguenots (Protestants) was answered by a Huguenot sack and burning of Aurillac and the slaughter of Roman Catholics. Modern road extensions encircle the old town of narrow, twisting streets. The Gothic church of Notre-Dame-aux-Neiges (1339) stands in the main square. The castle, now used as a school, has an 11th-century dungeon.

      Aurillac is the administrative, tourist, and service centre (with a satellite university) for the rural area of Cantal. It is also a market hub for cattle and dairy production and specializes in two cheeses, Fourme and Bleu d'Auvergne. Light industry, especially food processing and the manufacture of furniture, umbrellas, and pharmaceuticals, has fostered the recent growth of the town. Pop. (1999) 30,551; (2005 est.) 29,700.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aurillac — Aurillac …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aurillac — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Aurillac Orlhac Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Aurillac —   [ɔri jak], Stadt im französischen Zentralmassiv, Verwaltungssitz des Départements Cantal, am Fuß des Cantal, 622 m über dem Meeresspiegel.; 30 700 Einwohner, ehemalige Hauptstadt der Haute Auvergne;   Wirtschaft:   früher bedeutende… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Aurillac — (spr. Orilljak), 1) Bezirk im französischen Departement Cantal, 723 QM.; 100,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt desselben u. des Departements an der Jourdanne, Sitz des Präseelen, der Behörden des Departements, des Handelsgerichtes, Schloß; naturhistorisches …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Aurillac — (spr. orijáck), Hauptstadt des franz. Depart. Cantal, an der Jordanne und der Orléansbahn gelegen, 622 m ü. M., hat Reste eines Felsenschlosses, zwei Kirchen aus dem 14. und 15. Jahrh., ein Handelsgericht, ein Lyzeum, eine Normalschule, eine… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Aurillac — (spr. orijáck), Hauptstadt des franz. Dep. Cantal, an der Jordanne, (1901) 17.459 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Aurillac — (Orilljak), Hauptstadt des franz. Depart. Cantal, 11000 E.; bedeutender Kunstfleiß in Spitzen, Teppichen und Tapeten …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Aurillac — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Aurillac (homonymie). 44° 55′ 34″ N 2° 26′ 26″ E …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aurillac — French commune nomcommune=Aurillac Park in Aurillac région=Auvergne département=Cantal arrondissement=Aurillac canton= insee=15014 cp=15000 maire=Alain Calmette mandat=2008 2013 intercomm=Aurillac longitude=2.44055556 latitude=44.9261111 alt… …   Wikipedia

  • Aurillac — Original name in latin Aurillac Name in other language AUR, Aureliacum, Aurillac, Orijak, Orilak, Orlhac, awryak, oriyakku, ou li ya ke, xo ri yak, Орийак, Орияк, Оријак, Ориљак, Оріяк State code FR Continent/City Europe/Paris longitude 44.91667… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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