- Aubusson, Pierre d'
▪ French cardinalborn 1423, Monteil-au-Vicomte, Fr.died July 3, 1503, Rhodesgrand master of the military-religious Order of St. John of Jerusalem, known for his defense of Rhodes against the Turks.The son of French nobility, Aubusson joined the Knights of St (Hospitallers). John c. 1453. The Knights, with their headquarters at Rhodes, held the island as a bar to Ottoman expansion in the Aegean. Aubusson became grand master of the order in 1476 and in 1480 gained widespread fame in Europe for successfully defending Rhodes against Sultan Mehmed II's fleet.Later, when Cem (Jem), brother of Mehmed's successor Bayezid II, took refuge in Rhodes, Aubusson, despite his promise to Cem of safe conduct, accepted a bribe from Bayezid and had Cem imprisoned. After six years, Aubusson turned Cem over to Pope Innocent VIII, who had been vying with the kings of Hungary and Naples for the possession of so valuable a political weapon as the Sultan's brother. In return, Innocent made Aubusson a cardinal (1489) with the power to confer all benefices connected with the order without the sanction of the papacy. As cardinal, Aubusson reformed the Order of St. John, strengthened its authority in Rhodes, and eliminated Judaism from the island by expelling all adult Jews and forcibly baptizing their children.Two years before his death, Aubusson failed in trying to organize a large international crusade against the Turks.
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Aubusson, Pierre d' — • Grand Master of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, born 1423; died 1503 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Aubusson, Pierre d´ — ► (1423 1503) Cardenal francés. Célebre por el sitio que sostuvo en Rodas (1480) contra Mahomet II … Enciclopedia Universal
AUBUSSON, PIERRE D' — grand master of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, of French descent, who in 1480 gallantly defended Rhodes when besieged by Mahomet II., and drove the assailants back, amounting to no fewer than 100,000 men (1423 1503) … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
D'AUBUSSON, PIERRE — grand master of the order of St. John of Jerusalem, of French origin; served under the Emperor Sigismund against the Turks; went to Rhodes; became a knight of St. John, and was chosen grand master; defended Rhodes against 100,000 Turks, and… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Aubusson — Aubusson, Pierre d´ … Enciclopedia Universal
Pierre d'Aubusson — Pierre d’Aubusson Kupferstich um 1725 Datei:SMOM 40. GM Wappen.gif Großmeisterwappen Pierres d’Aubusson Fra′ Pierre d’Aubusson (genannt Schild der Kirche), auch Petrus Albussanus, (* 1423 in Le Monteil au Vicomte; † 3. Juli 1503) war von 1476 bis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pierre d'Aubusson — Pierre d Aubusson † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pierre d Aubusson Grand Master of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, born 1423; died 1503. He made his first campaigns against the Turks, and fought next under the French Dauphin in a war… … Catholic encyclopedia
Aubusson (Orne) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Aubusson. 48° 47′ 06″ N 0° 33′ 05″ W … Wikipédia en Français
Pierre d'Aubusson — Biographie Naissance 1423 au Monteil au Vicomte (France) Décès 3 juillet 1503 à Rhodes (Grèce) Évêque de l Église catholique Fon … Wikipédia en Français
Pierre d’Aubusson — Kupferstich um 1725 … Deutsch Wikipedia