Athlone, Godard van Reede, 1st earl of, baron of Aughrim, Heer van Ginkel


Athlone, Godard van Reede, 1st earl of, baron of Aughrim, Heer van Ginkel

▪ Dutch soldier
born June 14 [June 4, Old Style], 1644, Utrecht, Netherlands
died February 11, 1702/03, Utrecht

      Dutch soldier in English service who completed the conquest of Ireland for King William III of England (William of Orange, stadholder of the United Provinces) against the forces of the deposed King James II after the Glorious Revolution (1688–89).

      Van Reede's father, Adriaan, the first baron van Reede (a Danish title), was also Heer (Lord) of Amerongen, Middachten, Lievendaal, Ginkel, and other lands of the United Provinces; thus it was that Godard van Reede later in life came to be called Ginkel in England. William III appointed Godard van Reede lieutenant general of the cavalry in 1683. Van Reede (Ginkel) followed William from the Netherlands to England in 1688 and helped to suppress a mutiny in a Scottish regiment. After William's victory over the Irish Jacobite army in the Battle of the Boyne (Boyne, Battle of the) (July 1, 1690), William returned to England, leaving Ginkel in command in Ireland. On June 30, 1691, Ginkel captured the town of Athlone, which had withstood an earlier siege by William. On July 12 of that year, Ginkel decisively defeated the Jacobites in the Battle of Aughrim.

      Galway then surrendered, and Ginkel followed this victory with a series of bold maneuvers by which he succeeded in capturing the city of Limerick, the Irish cavalry camp, and the fort on Thomond Bridge. His conquest of Ireland was completed by the signing of the Treaty of Limerick, October 3, 1691. For his services Ginkel, who had been naturalized in February of 1691, was created earl of Athlone and baron of Aughrim, both in the Irish peerage, on March 4, 1691/92. These titles became extinct in 1844, when the 9th earl, who was also 10th baron van Reede and 5th count van Reede of the Holy Roman Empire, died without issue.

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