Armstrong, Neil


Armstrong, Neil

▪ American astronaut
in full  Neil Alden Armstrong 
born August 5, 1930, Wapakoneta, Ohio, U.S.
 
 U.S. astronaut, the first person to set foot on the Moon.

      Armstrong became a licensed pilot on his 16th birthday and a naval air cadet in 1947. His studies in aeronautical engineering at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, were interrupted in 1950 by the Korean War, in which he was shot down once and was awarded three Air Medals. In 1955 he became a civilian research pilot for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), later the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). He flew more than 1,100 hours, testing various supersonic fighters as well as the X-15 rocket plane.

      In 1962 he joined the space program with the second group of astronauts. On March 16, 1966, Armstrong, as command pilot of Gemini 8, and David R. Scott rendezvoused with an unmanned Agena rocket and completed the first manual space-docking maneuver. After the docking, a rocket-thruster malfunction forced them to separate from the Agena. Armstrong then regained control of the Gemini craft and made an emergency splashdown in the Pacific Ocean.

 On July 16, 1969, Armstrong, along with Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr. (Aldrin, Edwin Eugene, Jr.), and Michael Collins (Collins, Michael), blasted off in the Apollo (Apollo program) 11 vehicle toward the Moon (see Apollo program). Four days later, at 4:18 PM U.S. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT), the Eagle lunar landing module, guided manually by Armstrong, touched down on a plain near the southwestern edge of the Sea of Tranquillity (Mare Tranquillitatis). At 10:56 PM EDT on July 20, 1969, Armstrong stepped from the Eagle onto the Moon's dusty surface with the words, “That's one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind.” (In the excitement of the moment, Armstrong skipped the “a” in the statement that he had prepared.) Armstrong and Aldrin left the module for more than two hours and deployed scientific instruments, collected surface samples, and took numerous photographs.

      On July 21, after 21 hours and 36 minutes on the Moon, they lifted off to rendezvous with Collins and begin the voyage back to Earth. After splashdown in the Pacific at 12:51 PM EDT on July 24, the three astronauts spent 18 days in quarantine to guard against possible contamination by lunar microbes. During the days that followed and during a tour of 21 nations, they were hailed for their part in the opening of a new era in mankind's exploration of the universe.

      Armstrong resigned from NASA in 1971. From 1971 to 1979 he was professor of aerospace engineering at the University of Cincinnati (Ohio). After 1979 Armstrong served as chairman or director for a number of companies. He also sat on the National Commission on Space (NCOS), a panel charged with setting goals for the space program, and on the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident, the group appointed in 1986 to analyze the safety failures in the Challenger disaster.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Armstrong, Neil A. — ► (n. 1930) Astronauta estadounidense. Ingeniero electrónico y piloto de pruebas de la NASA. Voló en el Apolo 11; fue el primer hombre que pisó la Luna (21 de julio de 1969) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Armstrong,Neil Alden — Armstrong, Neil Alden. Born 1930. American astronaut who as commander of Apollo 11 became the first person to walk on the moon (July 20, 1969). * * * …   Universalium

  • Armstrong, Neil (Alden) — born Aug. 5, 1930, Wapakoneta, Ohio, U.S. U.S. astronaut. He became a pilot at 16, studied aeronautical engineering, and won three Air Medals in the Korean War. In 1955 he became a civilian research pilot for the forerunner of NASA. He joined the …   Universalium

  • Armstrong, Neil (Alden) — (n. 5 ago. 1930, Wapakoneta, Ohio, EE.UU.). Astronauta estadounidense. Se convirtió en piloto a los 16 años, estudió ingeniería aeronáutica y recibió tres medallas aéreas en la guerra de Corea. En 1955 pasó a ser piloto civil de pruebas para la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Neil Alden Armstrong — Neil Armstrong Pour les articles homonymes, voir Armstrong. Neil Armstrong …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Neil A. Armstrong — Neil Armstrong Land (Behörde): USA (NASA) Datum der Auswahl: 17. September 1962 (2. NASA Gruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 2 Start erster Raumflug …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Neil Alden Armstrong — Neil Armstrong Land (Behörde): USA (NASA) Datum der Auswahl: 17. September 1962 (2. NASA Gruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 2 Start erster Raumflug …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Neil Armstrong — Land (Organisation): USA (NASA) Datum der Auswahl: 17. September 1962 (2. NASA Gruppe) Anzahl der Raumflüge: 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Neil Armstrong (ice hockey) — Born Neil P. Armstrong December 29, 1932 (1932 12 29) (age 78) Plympton, Ontario Occupation Former NHL linesman Neil P. Armstrong (born December 29, 1932, in Plympton, Ontario) is a former pr …   Wikipedia

  • Armstrong — (Louis) (1900 1971) trompettiste et chanteur de jazz américain; il porta à son apogée le style New Orleans. Armstrong (Neil) (né en 1930) cosmonaute américain, le premier homme qui posa le pied sur la Lune (20 juil. 1969), suivi d Edwin Aldrin… …   Encyclopédie Universelle


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