Archelaus


Archelaus

▪ king of Cappadocia
in full  Archelaus Sisines 
died AD 17

      last king of Cappadocia (reigned 36 BC–c. AD 17), a Roman client during the late republic and the early empire.

      Although granted the kingdom by Mark Antony, Archelaus retained his crown by making peace with Octavian (later the emperor Augustus) after Antony's defeat at the Battle of Actium (31 BC). In 20 BC Augustus added eastern Lycaonia and parts of Cilicia to his domain. Archelaus's marriage to King Polemo's widow, a granddaughter of Mark Antony, gave him indirect control of most of Pontus, an ancient district of northeastern Anatolia adjoining the Black Sea. On the accession of Tiberius (AD 14), whom he had earlier offended, Archelaus was summoned to Rome, accused in the Senate, and deprived of his throne. After his death in 17, Cappadocia was made a Roman province.

▪ king of Macedonia

died 399 BC

      king of Macedonia from 413 to 399.

      Although he acceded to power illegally, Archelaus was a capable and beneficent ruler. His father was King Perdiccas II (reigned c. 450–413) and his mother a slave. Archelaus seized the throne after murdering his uncle, his cousin, and his half brother, the legitimate heir. He then set about strengthening Macedonia by fortifying cities, constructing roads, and reorganizing the army. In an effort to spread the refinements of Greek civilization among his people, Archelaus invited many renowned artists, among them the tragedian Euripides, to his new capital at Pella. The king also celebrated Greek-style games at Dium, in Macedonia. During Archelaus' reign the Macedonian economy was strengthened through the development of trade and adoption of the Persian coin standard. His relations with other states were generally peaceful. In 420 he helped establish a pro-Macedonian oligarchy at Larissa in Thessaly. He was assassinated by one of his favourites while hunting.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Archelaus — Archelāus, König von Mazedonien 413 – 399 v. Chr., natürlicher Sohn des Perdikkas, Förderer griech. Sitte und Bildung, 399 ermordet. – A., Feldherr des Königs Mithridates d. Gr., bewog die Griechen zum Abfall von Rom, ward aber von Sulla 86 v.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Archelaus — Archelaus, der Name vieler Fürsten, Feldherrn, Philosophen und Künstler. Unter ihnen: A., der Heraklide, Einwanderer in Macedonien und Stifter des Königsgeschlechtes. A., Sohn des maced. Königs Perdikkas, durch Ermordung der rechtmäßigen Erben… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Archelaus — The name Archelaus may refer to: Historical Persons *Archelaus (philosopher), pupil of Anaxagoras, 5th century BC *Archelaus I of Macedon, reigned 413 399 BC *Archelaus of Chersonesus in Egypt, Hellenistic Greek poet, flourished 125 BC *Archelaus …   Wikipedia

  • ARCHELAUS — I. ARCHELAUS Cappadocum Rex, ope Antonii Triumviri, Ariobarzani surrogatus, quinquaginta annis regnavit, Tacit. Annal. l. 2. c. 42. ubi ab offenso Tiberio, matris literis Romam elicitum, angore, simul fessum seniô, et quia regibus aequa, nedum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Archelaus, S. (10) — 10S. Archelaus, Ep. (26. Dec.) Der hl. Archelaus war Bischof zu Cascar in Mesopotamien und lebte im 3. Jahrh. Als das römische Heer, welches zu Cascar sein Lager aufgeschlagen hatte, über 7000 Christen an einem Wallfahrtsorte gefangen nahm und… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Archelaus, S. (1) — 1S. Archelaus, (4. März). Gr. Ἀρχέλαος = der Volksbeherrscher etc. – Der hl. Archelaus war ein Martyrer, der im Mart. Rom. am 4. März in Verbindung mit den hhl. Cyrillus und Photius aufgeführt wird, ist aber derselbe, welcher mit der hl. Martyrin …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Archelaus, S. (4) — 4S. Archelaus, (4. Mai), nach Migne ein Martyrer, der mit dem hl. Cyrillus und einem Andern den Martertod erlitt; wir aber möchten fast vermuthen, daß hier ein Schreibfehler obwalte und es 4. März statt 4. Mai heißen müsse, wornach unser hl.… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Archelaus, SS. (2) — 2SS. Archelaus, Cyprianus et Soc. MM. (15. April). Die hhl. Archelaus, Cyprianus, Comatus, Veronica, Acuta, Diogenes, ein Diakon, und zwei Bruder (wahrscheinlich des Diogenes) erlitten den Martertod in Mesopotamien …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Archelaus — (d. c. AD 16)    Ethnarch of Judea and Samaria 4 BC–AD 6. Archelaus was the elder son of HEROD THE GREAT and his Samaritan wife, Malthace. In Herod’s last will he was appointed king of Judea and Samaria. There were disorders in Judea that had to… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament


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