Araliaceae

Araliaceae

▪ plant family
      the ginseng family of flowering plants, in the order Apiales, comprising approximately 700 species centred in Southeast Asia and tropical America. Most members are shrubs or trees, though there are a number of climbers and a few herbs. The family has large, usually alternate, compound leaves, five-parted flowers arranged in compound umbels (flat-topped clusters), and a berry or (rarely) a drupe (a one-seeded fruit). Several members of the family are economically important. Ivies (Hedera (ivy) species) are grown as ornamental plants and houseplants. The rice-paper plant (Tetrapanax papyriferum) is the source of rice paper, and the wood of several species, especially that of Dendropanax arboreum and several members of the genus Didymopanax, provides timber.

 Wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis) has an aromatic root that is used as a substitute for sarsaparilla. Ginseng root, from Panax ginseng, has long been used by the Chinese in the treatment of various diseases; its American relative, Panax quinquefolium (see photograph—>), is used in the United States as a stimulant. Hari-giri, or castor aralia (Acanthopanax ricinifolius), is used in Japan in building and in furniture making.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Araliaceae — Araliacées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Araliaceae — n. 1. 1 a family of mostly tropical trees and shrubs and lianas: ginseng; hedera. Syn: family {Araliaceae}, ivy family [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Araliacĕae — Araliacĕae, Gruppe der Pflanzenfamilie der Doldengewächse Rchnb., bei Endlicher Pflanzenfamilie[656] aus der Klasse der Discanthae, Kelch mit dem Fruchtknoten verwachsen, 5 od. 10 Blumenblätter auf einer oberständigen Scheibe befestigt, mit… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Araliaceae — Araliacées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Araliaceae — Taxobox name = Araliaceae image width = 240px image caption = Aralia elata regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Apiales familia = Araliaceae familia authority = Juss. synonyms = *Botryodendraceae J.Agardh… …   Wikipedia

  • Araliaceae —   Araliaceae …   Wikipedia Español

  • Araliaceae — Araliengewächse Blühende Aralia elata mit ihren gefiederten Blättern und Dolden. Systematik Abteilung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Araliaceae — La familia Araliaceae es conocida como la de las hiedras (hedera, hedera helix) y el ginseng (oriunda de Corea y de uso medicinal). Son plantas leñosas o raramente herbáceas, a menudo lianas. Hojas alternas, simples o divididas. Flores… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Araliaceae — noun mostly tropical trees and shrubs and lianas: genera Panax and Hedera • Syn: ↑family Araliaceae, ↑ivy family • Hypernyms: ↑rosid dicot family • Member Holonyms: ↑Umbellales, ↑order Umbellales …   Useful english dictionary

  • Araliaceae — …   Википедия


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