Apopis


Apopis

▪ Egyptian god
also called  Apep ,  Apepi , or  Rerek 

      ancient Egyptian demon of chaos, who had the form of a serpent and, as the foe of the sun god, Re, represented all that was outside the ordered cosmos. Although many serpents symbolized divinity and royalty, Apopis threatened the underworld and symbolized evil. Each night Apopis encountered Re at a particular hour in the sun god's ritual journey through the underworld in his divine bark. Seth, who rode as guardian in the front of Re's bark, attacked him with a spear and slew him, but the next night Apopis, who could not be permanently subdued, was there again to attack Re. The Egyptians believed that the king could help maintain the order of the world and assist Re by performing rituals against Apopis.

▪ king of Egypt
also spelled  Apophis  or  Apopi 

       Hyksos king of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient) (reigned c. 1585–42 BCE), who initially controlled much of Egypt but was driven back northward to the vicinity of his capital in the Nile River delta by the successive attacks of the Theban (Thebes) pharaohs (pharaoh).

      Apopis is attested in Upper Egypt by stone fragments from Al-Gabalayn. A literary tale concerning Apopis and the Theban king Seqenenre portrays the Thebans as vassals of the Hyksos ruler, but this probably does not reflect historical reality. Egyptians and Hyksos peacefully coexisted for some time, as the Thebans seem to have grazed their cattle in the Nile delta, which was ruled by the Hyksos.

      War may have erupted between Apopis and Seqenenre, as the Theban king's mummy displays terrible head wounds. His successor, Kamose, declared a Middle Egyptian town as his northern frontier. He carried on the war, as is shown by two monuments from Thebes, and drove the Hyksos northward to the vicinity of Memphis (near Cairo). A Theban fleet also sailed by Avaris, Apopis's delta capital.

      Apopis reacted by calling on his ally to the south, the Kushite prince, to attack the Thebans in their rear. His messenger, however, was intercepted, and his plan was thwarted by Kamose. Some time soon after this raid, but before the final Hyksos expulsion, Apopis died.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Apopis — Apophis in Hieroglyphen meist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Apopis — Apophis Pour les articles homonymes, voir Apophis (homonymie). Cet article fait partie de la série Dieux égyptiens Présentation Par ordre alphabétiqu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Seth — /seth/, n. 1. the third son of Adam. Gen. 4:25 2. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning substitute. /sayt/, n. Egyptian Relig. Set. * * * I or Set Ancient Egyptian god and patron of the 11th nome, or province, of Upper Egypt. A trickster …   Universalium

  • Egypt, ancient — Introduction  civilization in northeastern Africa dating from the 3rd millennium BC. Its many achievements, preserved in its art and monuments, hold a fascination that continues to grow as archaeological finds expose its secrets. This article… …   Universalium

  • Chat Dans L'Égypte Antique — Statuette de chat Le chat était l un des nombreux animaux dont les attributs furent vénérés dans l Égypte antique. Il était notamment associé au symbole de protection. Tout d abord avatar du dieu Rê en tant que pourfendeur du serpent Apopis, il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chat dans l'Egypte antique — Chat dans l Égypte antique Statuette de chat Le chat était l un des nombreux animaux dont les attributs furent vénérés dans l Égypte antique. Il était notamment associé au symbole de protection. Tout d abord avatar du dieu Rê en tant que… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chat dans l'Égypte antique — Statuette de chat. Le chat était l un des nombreux animaux dont les attributs furent vénérés dans l Égypte antique. Il était notamment associé au symbole de protection. Tout d abord avatar du dieu Rê en tant que pourfendeur du serpent Apopis, il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chat dans l'égypte antique — Statuette de chat Le chat était l un des nombreux animaux dont les attributs furent vénérés dans l Égypte antique. Il était notamment associé au symbole de protection. Tout d abord avatar du dieu Rê en tant que pourfendeur du serpent Apopis, il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chat dans l’Égypte antique — Chat dans l Égypte antique Statuette de chat Le chat était l un des nombreux animaux dont les attributs furent vénérés dans l Égypte antique. Il était notamment associé au symbole de protection. Tout d abord avatar du dieu Rê en tant que… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Egyptian religion — Polytheistic belief system of ancient Egypt from the 4th millennium BC to the first centuries AD, including both folk traditions and the court religion. Local deities that sprang up along the Nile Valley had both human and animal form and were… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.