Lawrence, T(homas) E(dward)

Lawrence, T(homas) E(dward)
Lawrence, T(homas) E(dward). Known as “Lawrence of Arabia.” 1888-1935.
Welsh-born British soldier, adventurer, and writer who led the Arab revolt against the Turks (1916-1918) and later wrote an account of his adventures, The Seven Pillars of Wisdom (1926).

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born Aug. 15, 1888, Tremadoc, Caernarvonshire, Wales
died May 19, 1935, Clouds Hill, Dorset, Eng.

British scholar, military strategist, and author.

He studied at Oxford, submitting a thesis on Crusader castles. He learned Arabic on an archaeological expedition (1911–14). During World War I (1914–18) he conceived the plan of supporting Arab rebellion against the Ottoman Empire as a way of undermining Germany's eastern ally, and he led Arab forces in a guerrilla campaign behind the lines, tying up many Ottoman troops. In 1917 his forces had their first major victory, capturing the port town of Al-ʽAqabah. He was captured later that year, but he escaped. His troops reached Damascus in 1918, but Arab factionalism and Anglo-French decisions to divide the area into British-and French-controlled mandates prevented the Arabs from forming a unified nation despite their victory. Lawrence retired, declining royal decorations. Under the name Ross, and later Shaw, he enlisted in the Royal Air Force (and briefly the Royal Tank Corps). He finished his autobiography, The Seven Pillars of Wisdom, in 1926. He was eventually posted to India; his experiences provided grist for his semifictional The Mint. He died in a motorcycle accident three months after his discharge.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Lawrence, T(homas) E(dward) — llamado Lawrence de Arabia (15 ago. 1888, Tremadoc, Caernarvonshire, Gales–19 may. 1935, Clouds Hill, Dorset, Inglaterra). Letrado, estratega militar y autor británico. Estudió en Oxford, y su tesis versó sobre los castillos de los cruzados.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lawrence — Lawrence, David Herbert Lawrence, Ernest Orlando Lawrence, Thomas Edward ► C. del NE de E.U.A., en el estado de Massachusetts; 66 915 h (área metropolitana Lawrence Haverhill, 200 280 h). * * * (as used in expressions) Lawrence Cecil Adler Alma… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lawrence — /lawr euhns, lor /, n. 1. D(avid) H(erbert), 1885 1930, English novelist. 2. Ernest O(rlando), 1901 58, U.S. physicist: inventor of the cyclotron; Nobel prize 1939. 3. Gertrude, 1901? 52, English actress. 4. Jacob, born 1917, U.S. painter and… …   Universalium

  • Lawrence — I. biographical name David 1888 1973 American journalist II. biographical name D(avid) H(erbert) 1885 1930 English novelist • Lawrencian or Lawrentian or Laurentian adjective III. biographical name Ernest Orlando 1901 1958 American physicist IV …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Lawrence — Law•rence [[t]ˈlɔr əns, ˈlɒr [/t]] n. 1) big D(avid) H(erbert), 1885–1930, English novelist 2) big Ernest O(rlando), 1901–58, U.S. physicist: Nobel prize 1939 3) big Gertrude, 1901?–52, English actress 4) big Jacob, 1917–2000, U.S. painter and… …   From formal English to slang

  • Lawrence — /ˈlɒrəns/ (say loruhns) noun 1. Carmen Mary, born 1948, Australian state and federal Labor politician; premier of WA 1990–93; Australia s first woman premier. 2. D(avid) H(erbert), 1885–1930, English novelist and poet. 3. Marjorie Florence,… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Edward — (as used in expressions) Abbey, Edward Acheson, Edward Goodrich Acton (de Aldenham), John Emerich Edward Dahlberg Acton, 1 barón Albee, Edward (Franklin) Edward Teach Bax, Sir Arnold (Edward Trevor) Bellamy, Edward Bernays, Edward L. Charles… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thomas — Thomas, Albert Thomas, André Antoine Thomas, Ch. L. Ambroise Thomas, Dylan Thomas, Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, Theodore * * * (as used in expressions) Adès, Thomas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Лоуренс Т(омас) Э(дуард) — (Lawrence, T(homas) E(dward)) (1888 1935), англ. воен. деятель, ученый и писатель. Занимался археологическими изысканиями на Бл. Востоке, перед 1 й мировой войной стал работать в Бюро по арабским делам в Каире. Сыграл важную роль в поддержке… …   Всемирная история

  • Edward Wright (mathematician) — For the 20th century mathematician, see Edward Maitland Wright. Edward Wright Title page of the first edition of Wright s Certaine Errors in Navigation (1599) …   Wikipedia

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