Andrzejewski, Jerzy


Andrzejewski, Jerzy

▪ Polish author
born August 19, 1909, Warsaw, Russian Empire [now in Poland]
died April 19, 1983, Warsaw, Poland

      Polish novelist, short-story writer, and political dissident noted for his attention to moral issues important in 20th-century Poland and for his realistic fiction.

      Andrzejewski was born into a middle-class family, and the young writer studied Polish language and literature at the University of Warsaw. The stories published in his first book, Drogi nieuniknione (1936; “Unavoidable Ways”), originally appeared in a right-wing periodical, with whom he soon severed relations. That volume was followed by the novel Ład serca (1938; “Heart's Harmony”), in which Andrzejewski tried to find in Roman Catholic teachings solutions to the problems of contemporary life. During the German occupation of World War II, he participated in the Polish underground.

      After World War II Andrzejewski wrote Noc (1945; “Night”), a collection of wartime stories, and, together with Jerzy Zagórski, a satirical drama, Swięto Winkelrida (1946; “Winkelried's Feast”). Contemporary political problems are projected in Popiół i diament (1948; Ashes and Diamonds), translated into 27 languages and generally considered his finest novel. It presents a dramatic conflict between young Polish patriots and the communist regime during the last days of World War II. In 1958 Andrzej Wajda (Wajda, Andrzej), the leading director of the Polish cinema, directed a movie based on the book and bearing the same title.

      In 1949 Andrzejewski joined the Communist Party and for the next seven years supported its ideology in his essays, but in 1956 he gave up membership and established himself as one of the principal critics of the party's policies, both in his creative writings and in his activities. In 1976 he became one of the cofounders of the Workers' Defense Committee (KOR), from which eventually grew the anticommunist trade union Solidarity, outlawed in 1981. Andrzejewski also coedited Zapis (1977–81), a literary magazine publishing dissident writers. Andrzejewski's novels Ciemności kryją ziemię (1957; The Inquisitors) and Bramy raju (1960; The Gates of Paradise) present modern problems disguised as historical novels, while Apelacja (1968; The Appeal) and Miazga (1981; “The Pulp”) directly address the issues of contemporary society.

      Andrzejewski's life and work seem to be emblematic for many Polish intellectuals of his generation—from his ardent Catholicism before the war to his heroic involvement with the Resistance during the Nazi occupation, through his subsequent skepticism, to his total acceptance of the Marxist ideology after the war, and, finally, to his disillusionment with and open dissent against communism. His short stories and novels, Ashes and Diamonds in particular, can be read as a moving testimony to his development.

Jerzy R. Krzyzanowski
 

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Andrzejewski, Jerzy — ► (1909 83) Escritor polaco. Su primer relato, Mentira, es de 1942. Participó en la vida cultural polaca. Escribió Cenizas y diamantes (1948), llevada al cine por A. Wajda …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Andrzejewski — Andrzejewski, Jerzy …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jerzy Andrzejewski — in 1949 Born 19 August 1909(1909 08 19) Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland Died …   Wikipedia

  • ANDRZEJEWSKI (J.) — ANDRZEJEWSKI JERZY (1909 1983) C’est à Varsovie, dans une famille bourgeoise, que naquit Jerzy Andrzejewski. Son premier recueil de récits Drogi nieuniknione (Chemins inéluctables) parut en 1936. Son premier roman, face= EU Caron ゲad serca… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jerzy — Pronunciation [ˈjɛʐɨ][1] Gender masculine Language(s) Polish Other names …   Wikipedia

  • Jerzy Andrzejewski — Tumba de Jerzy Andrzejewski en en cementerio Powązki de Varsovia. Jerzy Andrzejewski (pronunciado [ˈjɛʐɨ andʐɛˈjɛfskʲi] en polaco; Varsovia, 19 de agosto de 1909 – íbidem, 19 de abril de 1983) fue un prolífico autor polaco …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jerzy Andrzejewski — Sépulture de Jerzy Andrzejewski Jerzy Andrzejewski (Varsovie, Pologne, le 19 août 1909 – Varsovie, Pologne, le 19 avril 1983) est un écrivain polonais …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jerzy Andrzejewski — [ˈjɛʒɨ andʒɛˈjɛfskʲi] (* 19. August 1909 in Warschau; † 19. April 1983 ebenda) war ein polnischer Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biografie 2 Auf Deutsch erschienene Übersetzungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrzejewski — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Andrzej Andrzejewski (1961–2008), polnischer Brigadegeneral Andrzej Andrzejewski (Schauspieler) (* 1976), polnischer Schauspieler Bogumił Andrzejewski (1922–1994), polnischer Sprachwissenschaftler Bohdan… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jerzy Zagórski — (December 3, 1907 in Kiev–August 5, 1984 in Warsaw) was a Polish poet, essayist and translator. Member of literary group Żagary. Awarded the Righteous Among the Nations together with his wife Maria (Maryna) Zagórska, translator of belles lettres …   Wikipedia