Amin, Hafizullah


Amin, Hafizullah

▪ president of Afghanistan
born August 1, 1929, Paghmān, Afghanistan
died December 27, 1979, Kabul

      leftist politician who briefly served as the president of Afghanistan in 1979.

      Amin was born into a Ghilzay Pashtun family. After graduating from Kabul University, he traveled to the United States for graduate study at Columbia University in New York. Upon returning to Afghanistan, he became a teacher and later the principal of a teacher-training college. He joined the Wikh-e Zalmayan (“Awakened Youth”), a reform-minded brotherhood, and in 1963 became a member of the leftist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA), which was headed by Nur Mohammad Taraki (Taraki, Nur Mohammad). On April 27, 1978, Amin, who had become the PDPA's strongman, engineered a coup that toppled the government of Mohammad Daud Khan (Daud Khan, Mohammad). As a member of the People's (“Khalq”) faction of the PDPA, he participated with Taraki in removing members of the Banner (“Parcham”) faction from any real positions of power in the government. Taraki became president and prime minister, and Amin was named deputy prime minister. Amin's power continued to grow, however, and on March 27, 1979, he claimed Taraki's position of prime minister, although Taraki retained the presidency. At the time, the country was becoming increasingly unstable as Afghans protested the government's Marxist reforms, many of which seemed to undermine Afghanistan's traditional Islamic culture. On September 14, 1979, Amin overthrew Taraki and declared himself president. His nationalist views and attempts to improve relations with Pakistan and the United States, however, drew the mistrust of the Soviet Union. The country further fell into unrest, and the Soviets invaded Afghanistan (Afghan War) on December 24, 1979. Amin was killed, and Babrak Karmal (Karmal, Babrak), of the Banner faction, was installed as president.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hafizullah Amin — (* 1. August 1929 in Paghman; † 27. Dezember 1979 in Kabul) war ein afghanischer Politiker und vom 14. September 1979 bis zu seinem Tod Präsident des Landes. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hafizullah Amin — حفيظ الله امين Hafizullah Amin, en 1979. Mandats 2e président du Conseil révolutionnaire de la République démocratique d Afghanistan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Amin (Name) — Amin, auch al Amin arabisch ‏الأمين‎, DMG al Amīn, ist ein arabischer Name mit der Bedeutung gewissenhaft oder vertrauenswürdig . In englischer Umschrift wird er oft als Ameen wiedergegeben. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Varianten 2 Bekannte Namenst …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hafizullah Amin — Infobox President name = Hafizullah Amin حفيظ الله امين imagesize = 175px order = President of Afghanistan term start = 16 September 1979 term end = 27 December 1979 predecessor = Nur Muhammad Taraki successor = Babrak Karmal order2 = Prime… …   Wikipedia

  • Amin — In Arabic, Amin (name) for males means faithful, trustworthy . The female equivalent is Amina .People named Amin: * al Amin , nickname of Muhammad in his youth *Amin Ahsan Islahi *Amine Gemayel, the President of Lebanon from 1982 to 1988 *Amin… …   Wikipedia

  • Jafizulá Amín — حفيظ الله امين Presidente del Presidium del Consejo Revolucionario …   Wikipedia Español

  • Afghanistan — /af gan euh stan /, n. a republic in central Asia, NW of India and E of Iran. 23,738,085; 250,000 sq. mi. (647,500 sq. km). Cap.: Kabul. * * * Afghanistan Introduction Afghanistan Background: Afghanistan s recent history is characterized by war… …   Universalium

  • Karmal — Babrak Karmal. Babrak Karmal (* 6. Januar 1929 in Kamari, einem Dorf östlich von Kabul (Afghanistan); † 3. Dezember 1996 in Duschanbe) war ein afghanischer Politiker der, während der sowjetischen Invasion eingesetzt, zwischen 1979 und 1986… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Taraki — Nur Muhammad Taraki (* 1913? in Mukur; † 9. Oktober 1979 in Kabul) war ein afghanischer Journalist und Politiker. Er war eines der Gründungsmitglieder der Demokratischen Volkspartei Afghanistans und gehörte nach deren Spaltung 1967 dem Khalq… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Assadullah Sarwari — Asadullah Sarwari (* 1941) ist ein früherer afghanischer Politiker, der inzwischen wegen Kriegsverbrechen zum Tod verurteilt wurde. Asadullah Sarwari gehörte zum Khalq Flügel der sozialistischen Demokratischen Volkspartei Afghanistans. Am 1.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.