Ambedkar, Bhimrao Ramji


Ambedkar, Bhimrao Ramji

▪ Indian political leader
born April 14, 1891, Mhow, India
died Dec. 6, 1956, New Delhi

      leader of the Harijans (untouchables (untouchable) or low-caste Hindus) and law minister of the government of India (1947–51).

      Born of an untouchable Mahar family of western India, he was as a boy humiliated by his high-caste schoolfellows. His father was an officer in the Indian Army. Awarded a scholarship by the Gaekwar (Gaekwar dynasty) (the ruler) of Baroda (now Vadodara), he studied at universities in the United States, Britain, and Germany. He entered the Baroda Public Service at the Gaekwar's request, but, again ill-treated by his high-caste colleagues, he turned to legal practice and teaching. He soon established his leadership among Harijans, founded several journals on their behalf, and succeeded in obtaining special representation for them in the legislative councils of the government. Contesting Mahatma Gandhi (Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand)'s claim to speak for Harijans, he wrote What Congress and Gandhi Have Done to the Untouchables (1945).

      In 1947 Ambedkar became the law minister of the government of India. He took a leading part in the framing of the Indian constitution, outlawing discrimination against untouchables, and skillfully helped to steer it through the assembly. He resigned in 1951, disappointed at his lack of influence in the government. In October 1956, in despair because of the perpetuation of untouchability in Hindu doctrine, he renounced Hinduism and became a Buddhist, together with about 200,000 fellow untouchables, at a ceremony in Nagpur.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Ambedkar — /ahm bed kahr/, n. Bhimrao Ramji /beem row rahm jee/, 1893 1956, Indian politician and jurist. * * * …   Universalium

  • Ambedkar — Ambẹdkar,   Bhimrao Ramji, indischer Politiker, * 14. 4. 1893, ✝ Delhi 6. 12. 1956; Rechtsanwalt, entstammt der Kaste der Unberührbaren, verfocht mit Nachdruck deren Interessen. Als Justizminister (1947 51) war er maßgeblich an der Ausarbeitung… …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • B. R. Ambedkar — Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar Ambedkar delivering a speech to a rally at Yeola, Nashik, on 13 October 1935 Born 14 April 1891(1891 04 14) Mhow, Central Provinces …   Wikipedia


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