Alfonso VII


Alfonso VII

▪ king of Leon and Castile
byname  Alfonso The Emperor,  Spanish  Alfonso El Emperador 
born 1104?
died August 1157, Fresneda, Castile

      king of Leon and Castile from 1126 to 1157, son of Raymond of Burgundy and the grandson of Alfonso VI, whose imperial title he assumed. Though his reign saw the apogee of the imperial idea in medieval Spain and though he won notable victories against the Moors, he remains a somewhat hazy figure.

      His childhood was complicated by the struggle between his mother Urraca and her second husband, Alfonso I of Aragon, for control of Castile and Leon. Only on Urraca's death (1126) did his stepfather finally relinquish his claims. Alfonso was then formally accepted as emperor by the kings of Aragon and Pamplona (Navarre), by the count of Barcelona, and by various Hispano-Moorish rulers. His capture of Almería (1147) from the Moors won him renown, as did other victories, but in the end these led to little expansion of territory. Almería was lost again in 1157 and Córdoba remained in his hands for only three years. In 1146 a new invasion of North African fanatics, the Almohads, began. Alfonso now allied himself with the Almoravids and devoted the rest of his life to a series of campaigns to check Almohad expansion in southern Spain.

      Despite the importance of the imperial idea at this time, peninsular fractionalist tendencies were by no means dormant. Alfonso was unable to prevent the establishment of Portugal as an independent kingdom (1140) and, in his will, he himself divided his realm, as was the Spanish custom, between his two sons, Sancho III of Castile and Ferdinand II of Leon. This act finally destroyed the concept of empire in medieval Spain.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alfonso VII — de León y Castilla, el Emperador (Galicia, 1 de marzo 1105 Fresneda, 21 de agosto de 1157) fue rey de de León, Castilla y de Galicia, el primero de la dinastía Borgoña en Galicia León. Era hijo de la Urraca de Leon (hija a su vez de Alfonso VI de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alfonso VII — Alphonse VII de Castille Alphonse VII l Empereur né le 11 mars 1104/5 à Caldas de Reis et mort le 21 août 1157 à La Fresneda. Roi de Castille et de León (1126 1157) « imperator (empereur) » (1155 1157) Généalogie Il est le fils de du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfonso VII de León — Rey de León y de Castilla Alfonso VII según una miniatura del Tumbo A de la Catedral de Santiago de Compostela. Reinado 1126–1157 Coronac …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alfonso VII of León — Infobox Monarch name = Alfonso VII of Castile title = Emperor of all the Spains reign = 1135 21 August 1157 coronation = 1135 in the Cathedral of León predecessor = Vacant title last held by Alfonso I successor = None royal house = Burgundy… …   Wikipedia

  • Alfonso VII de León et Castille — Alphonse VII de Castille Alphonse VII l Empereur né le 11 mars 1104/5 à Caldas de Reis et mort le 21 août 1157 à La Fresneda. Roi de Castille et de León (1126 1157) « imperator (empereur) » (1155 1157) Généalogie Il est le fils de du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfonso the Battler — Alfonso I (1073/1074 [According to the fourteenth century Crónica di San Juan Peña he died in his sixty first year (Lourie 1975:639 note).] ndash; 8 September 1134), called el Batallador, the Battler or the Warrior, was the king of Aragón and… …   Wikipedia

  • Alfonso X de Castilla — Rey de Castilla[1] Alfonso X en una miniatura medieval del Libro de los juegos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alfonso, Count of Poitou — Alfonso or Alphonse (11 November 1220 ndash; 21 August 1271) was the Count of Poitou from 1225 and Count of Toulouse (as Alfonso II) from 1247.Alphonse was a son of Louis VIII, King of France and Blanche of Castile. He was a younger brother of… …   Wikipedia

  • Alfonso X de Castilla y León — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Alfonso X de Castilla y de León Rey de Castilla y de León Retrato moderno de Alfonso X con sus tablas astronómicas. Situado en la sala de la Chimenea del Alcázar de Segovia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alfonso VI de León — Rey de León, de Galicia y de Castilla Alfonso VI en una miniatura del siglo XII en la Catedral de Santiago de Compostela. Rey de León …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.