Alfonso III


Alfonso III

▪ king of Aragon
byname  Alfonso The Liberal, or The Candid,  Spanish  Alfonso El Liberal, or El Franco 
born 1265
died June 18, 1291, Barcelona

      king of Aragon from 1285 to 1291, son of Peter III. A weak king, he was involved in an unsuccessful constitutional struggle with the Aragonese nobles. In 1287 he was compelled to grant the so-called “Privilegio de la Unión,” which handed over a number of important royal prerogatives to baronial control. At Alfonso's death the crown passed to his brother James II, who had been king of Sicily (as James I) since 1285.

▪ king of Asturias
byname  Alfonso the Great,  Spanish  Alfonso El Magno 
born c. 838
died 910?, Zamora, Leon

      king of Asturias from 866 to 910, son of Ordoño I.

      Winning a contested succession, he moved his capital forward from Oviedo to the recently restored Roman city of León. Under him, Porto (Oporto) was occupied in 868, and Castile took shape around Burgos, drawing on his Basque allies. He claimed to be reviving the Visigothic monarchy, while making the church of St. James at Santiago de Compostela the shrine of the Christian kingdom. Alfonso's territorial advances were made possible by the convulsion of the Muslim emirate of Córdoba, in which Arab dominion was challenged by the Berber dissidents. For a time Córdoba itself was endangered, and the triumph of Alfonso was thought imminent. This did not occur, but by the end of the reign Alfonso III had occupied Coimbra, Zamora, and Burgos, settling refugees from the south and doubling the size of his kingdom. He was deposed by his sons in 910 and died in exile. He may have written himself or commissioned the Chronicle of Alfonso III, an important source for early Spanish history.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alfonso III — may refer to:*Alfonso III of Leon (866 914) surnamed the Great *Afonso III of Portugal (1210 1279) *Alfonso III of Aragon (1285 1291) *Alfonso III d Este, Duke of Modena and Reggio (1628 44) *Alfonso III of Kongo (1666 1667) …   Wikipedia

  • Alfonso III — Hay varios reyes que llevaron el nombre de Alfonso III: Alfonso III el Magno (c. 848 910), rey de Asturias. Alfonso III el Liberal (1265 1291), rey de Aragón, II como conde Barcelona y I como rey de Valencia. Alfonso III el Reformador (1210 1279) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alfonso III — Hay varios reyes que llevaron el nombre de Alfonso III: ● Alfonso III el Magno, rey de Asturias. ● Alfonso III el Liberal (II de Cataluña), rey de la Corona de Aragón. ● Alfonso III el Reformador, rey de Portugal. ● Alfonso V de Aragón fue… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ALFONSO III —    surnamed the Great, king of Asturias, ascended the throne in 866, fought against and gained numerous victories over the Moors; the members of his family rose against him and compelled him to abdicate, but on a fresh incursion of the Moors he… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Alfonso III de Asturias — Rey de Asturias Miniatura medieval que representa a Alfonso III el Magno. Reinado 866 910 Coronación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alfonso III de Aragón — Alfonso III de Aragón, apodado el Liberal. Rey de Aragón (1285 1291), hijo mayor de Pedro III de Aragón y de Constanza de Suabia. Cuando Pedro III falleció en Villafranca del Penedés, su hijo Alfonso se encontraba en Mallorca al mando de una… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alfonso III of León — Alfonso III (c. 848–20 December 910?), called the Great, was the king of Galicia and Asturias from 866 until his death. He was the son and successor of Ordoño I. Little is known about Alfonso except the bare facts of his reign and of his… …   Wikipedia

  • Alfonso III de Castilla — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda redirect to Alfonso VIII de Castilla Obtenido de Alfonso III de Castilla …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alfonso III of Aragon — Alfonso III (1265 ndash; 18 June 1291), called the Liberal ( el Liberal ) or the Free (also the Frank, from el Franc ), was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona (as Alfons II) from 1285. He conquered the Kingdom of Majorca between his… …   Wikipedia

  • Alfonso III d'Este — (1591 May 26 1644) was Duke of Modena and Reggio from 1628 to 1629. Biography Born in Ferrara, he was the son Cesare d Este and Virginia de Medici. In 1613 he took part to the war against Lucca and had a primary role in the assassination of count …   Wikipedia


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