Alfonso II


Alfonso II

▪ king of Aragon

born 1152, Barcelona
died 1196, Perpignan, Roussillon

      count of Barcelona from 1162 and king of Aragon from 1164.

      The son of Ramón Berenguer IV, Alfonso succeeded his father as count of Barcelona and his mother as ruler of Aragon, thus associating the two countries under the house of Barcelona—a union that was destined to be permanent. Aragonese involvement in France became steadily greater during Alfonso's reign. Nevertheless, the conquest of Teruel (1171) opened the way for the conquest of Valencia; and, in 1179, the pact of Cazorla with his ally, Alfonso VIII of Castile, fixed the future zones of reconquest for the two countries. In his will Alfonso followed the Spanish custom of dividing his kingdom; Provence was thus lost to the Aragonese crown.

▪ king of Asturias
byname  Alfonso the Chaste,  Spanish  Alfonso El Casto 
born 759, Oviedo, Asturias
died 842, Oviedo

      king of Asturias from 791 to 842, the son of Fruela I. He had to face frequent and determined attacks by the armies of the emirate of Córdoba and was often defeated, but his doggedness saved Asturias from extinction. He built a new capital, Oviedo, on a strategic site in the mountains. Inspired in part by the traditions of the lost kingdom of the Visigoths, which had been conquered by the Muslims in the early 8th century, he set about giving the Asturian kingdom a national identity. He tried to enter into relations with Charlemagne, but although he seems to have failed to get Carolingian support, there are traces of Frankish influence in Asturias. During Alfonso's reign the discovery of the supposed tomb of St. James the Apostle in Galicia made the kingdom the guardian of an important Christian shrine (Santiago (Santiago de Compostela) de Compostela), and this, too, helped to give it a national identity.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alfonso — (Italian and Spanish), Alfons (Catalan and German), Afonso (Portuguese), Affonso (Ancient Portuguese), Alphonse (Italian, French and English), Alphons (Dutch), or Alphonso (English and Filipino) is a masculine name, originally from the Gothic… …   Wikipedia

  • Alfonso — X el Sabio Origen Germano Género …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alfonso — bezeichnet: Alfons, die italienische bzw. spanische Variante dieses Vornamens Alfonso (Cavite), eine Stadtgemeinde in der Provinz Cavite, Philippinen Alfonso (* 1972), spanischer Fußballspieler Alfonso Ribeiro (* 1971), US amerikanischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ALFONSO° — ALFONSO°, name of many Spanish sovereigns. Of special significance in Jewish history were the following: Kings of Aragon ALFONSO I (1104–34; the Battler ). After capturing Tudela from the Moors in 1114, he permitted Jews who had fled during the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Alfonso I — (Alfonso Henriques), 1109? 85, first king of Portugal 1139 85. * * * ▪ duke of Ferrara, 1505 34 born July 21, 1476, Ferrara, Duchy of Ferrara died Oct. 31, 1534, Ferrara       duke of Ferrara from 1505, a noted Renaissance prince of the House of… …   Universalium

  • Alfonso I — can refer to: *Afonso I of Portugal, (1094 1195) (Afonso Henriques) *Afonso I Mvemba a Nzinga of Kongo, (1456 1543) the first Christian king of the Kingdom of Kongo and one of the first Black Africans of whom we have written documents in a… …   Wikipedia

  • Alfonso I — puede referise a: Alfonso I, rey de Asturias (739 757). Alfonso I, el Batallador, rey de Aragón y de Navarra (1104 1134). Alfonso I de Mallorca, Nápoles y Sicilia, rey de Aragón, Mallorca, Sicilia y Nápoles (1396 1458). Alfonso I, rey de Portugal …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alfonso I — es el nombre de los siguientes monarcas: ● Alfonso I de Asturias, el Católico (o también Alonso I de Asturias). Rey de Asturias (739 757). ● Alfonso I de Aragón, el Batallador. Rey de Aragón y de Navarra (1104 1134). ● Alfonso V de Aragón fue… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alfonso II — may refer to: *Alfonso II of Asturias (791 842) *Alfonso II of Aragon (1152 1196) *Afonso II of Portugal (1185 1223), the Fat *Alfonso, Count of Poitou (died 1271), jure uxoris Alfonso II, Count of Toulouse *Alfonso II of Naples (1448 1495)… …   Wikipedia

  • Alfonso VI — ha sido el nombre de los siguientes reyes: ● Alfonso VI de Portugal (1643 1667) segundo rey de la Casa de Braganza ● Alfonso VI de Castilla (1065 1109) * * * llamado Alfonso el Valiente (antes de jun. 1040–1109, Toledo, Castilla). Rey de León… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alfonso VI — (Толедо,Испания) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: General Moscardo, 2, 45001 То …   Каталог отелей


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