Alexius II Comnenus


Alexius II Comnenus

▪ Byzantine emperor
also spelled  Alexios II Komnenos 
born , 1169
died c. September 1183, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]

      Byzantine emperor from 1180 to 1183. Alexius was the son of Manuel I Comnenus and Maria, daughter of Raymond, prince of Antioch. When his father died on September 24, 1180, Alexius became emperor at the age of 11, with his mother as regent. She, in turn, entrusted the government to her favourite, Manuel's unpopular and incapable nephew Alexius. Because Maria was Latin, she was widely opposed, but plotters, who included Alexius II's sister Maria and her husband, Renier of Montferrat, failed to overthrow the regency. Andronicus I Comnenus, Manuel's cousin, eventually succeeded in deposing the regency; he advanced through Asia Minor and was waiting at Chalcedon when anti-Latin riots broke out in the capital (May 1182). The regent Alexius was captured and blinded, and Andronicus entered the capital as the protector of Alexius II. He promptly had his opponents executed, including the dowager empress Maria, whose death warrant her son Alexius had to sign. Crowned coemperor in September 1183, Andronicus subsequently had Alexius strangled.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • ALEXIUS I — ALEXIUS I. Comnenus, fil. Isaci Imperatoris Constantinopolitani, inclusô in Monasterium Nicephorô Botoniate, imperiô potitus; divisis inter fratres terris, cum sumptuum non suppeteret satis, sacris manus iniecit, et exactionibus subditos… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • ALEXIUS III — ALEXIUS III. Comnenus et Porphyrigeneta dici voluit, cum antea Angelus cognominaretur: Fratrem Isaacum imperiô et oculis privavit, a quo e Turcica captivitate liberatus erat. Sed huius fil. Venetiis Gallos in Orientem cogitantes permovit, ut arma …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Comnenus family — ▪ Byzantine emperors Comnenus also spelled  Komnenos        Byzantine family from Paphlagonia, members of which occupied the throne of Constantinople for more than a century (1081–1185).       Manuel Eroticus Comnenus was the first member of the… …   Universalium

  • Alexius — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Alexius imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender =male meaning = region = origin = Greek related names = Alexia (female) Alexey Alexander footnotes = Alexius is the latinized form of the given name Alexios ( el …   Wikipedia

  • Comnenus — Comnenian /kom nee nee euhn/, adj. /kom nee neuhs/, n. a dynasty of Byzantine emperors that ruled at Constantinople, 1057? 1185, and at Trebizond in Asia Minor, 1204 1461?. * * * (as used in expressions) Alexius I Comnenus Andronicus I Comnenus… …   Universalium

  • Alexius — (as used in expressions) Alexius I Comnenus Alexius V Ducas Mourtzouphlus Meinong Alexius Ritter knight von Handschuchsheim * * * …   Universalium


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