African Union


African Union

▪ intergovernmental organization, Africa

      intergovernmental organization, established in 2002, to promote unity and solidarity of African states, to spur economic development, and to promote international cooperation. The African Union (AU) replaced the Organization of African Unity (OAU). The AU's headquarters are in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

      The OAU was established on May 25, 1963, and its activities included diplomacy (especially in support of African liberation movements), mediation of boundary conflicts and regional and civil wars, and research in economics and communications. The OAU maintained the “Africa group” at the United Nations (UN) through which many of its efforts at international coordination were channeled. The OAU was instrumental in bringing about the joint cooperation of African states in the work of the Group of 77, which acts as a caucus of developing nations within the UN Conference on Trade and Development.

      The principal organ of the OAU was the annual assembly of heads of state and government. Between these summit conferences, policy decisions were in the hands of a council of ministers, composed of foreign ministers of member states.

      The major practical achievements of the OAU were mediations in several border disputes, including those of Algeria and Morocco (1963–64) and Kenya and Somalia (1965–67). It monitored events in South Africa and advocated international economic sanctions against that country as long as the official policy of apartheid was in place. In 1993 the OAU created a mechanism to engage in peacemaking and peacekeeping on the continent. In 1998 the OAU sponsored an international panel headed by former Botswanan president Ketumile Masire to investigate the genocide that took place in Rwanda in 1994; its report was released in 2000.

      Also in 2000, in a move spearheaded by Libyan leader Colonel Muammar al-Qaddafi (Qaddafi, Muammar al-), it was proposed that the OAU be replaced by a new body, the African Union. The African Union was to be more economic in nature, similar to the European Union, and would contain a central bank, a court of justice, and an all-Africa parliament. A Constitutive Act, which provided for the establishment of the African Union, was ratified by two-thirds of the OAU's members and came into force on May 26, 2001. After a transition period, the African Union replaced the OAU in July 2002. In 2004 the AU's Pan-African Parliament was inaugurated, and the organization agreed to create a peacekeeping force, the African Standby Force, of about 15,000 soldiers.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • African Union — الاتحاد الأفريقي (Arabic) …   Wikipedia

  • African Union —   [ æfrɪkən juːnjən, englisch], Afrikanische Union …   Universal-Lexikon

  • African Union — Afrikanische Union ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • African Union — /æfrɪkən ˈjunjən/ (say afrikuhn yoohnyuhn) noun an association of independent African states founded in Durban, South Africa, in 2002 with a policy which included respect for the sovereignty of its 53 member states, the promotion of mutual… …   Australian English dictionary

  • African Union (AU) — Afrikanische Union; Organisation der regionalen Integration in Afrika mit Sitz in Addis Abeba; Nachfolgeorganisation der ⇡ OAU, aus der sie hervorging. Ausgangspunkt war die sog. Sirte Deklaration vom September 1999, in der die in der OAU… …   Lexikon der Economics

  • African Union (AU) — see Organization of African Unity * * * …   Universalium

  • African Union — noun A multinational organisation consisting of 53 African nations …   Wiktionary

  • African Union Mission in Somalia — African Union Mission to Somalia (Mission der Afrikanischen Union in Somalia, abgekürzt AMISOM) ist die Bezeichnung einer Friedenstruppe der Afrikanischen Union, die in Somalia dem dortigen Bürgerkrieg Einhalt gebieten soll. Von vorgesehenen 8000 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • African Union Mission to Somalia — (Mission der Afrikanischen Union in Somalia, abgekürzt AMISOM) ist die Bezeichnung einer Friedenstruppe der Afrikanischen Union, die in Somalia dem dortigen Bürgerkrieg Einhalt gebieten soll. Von vorgesehenen 8000 Soldaten sind bislang rund 2000… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • African Union Mission in Sudan — AMIS soldiers from Rwanda preparing to depart to Darfur in2005. The African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) was an African Union (AU) peacekeeping force operating primarily in the country s western region of Darfur with the aim of performing… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.