Adrar


Adrar

formerly  Timmi,  

      palm grove settlement, the largest of the Touat oasis group, southwestern Algeria, in the Sahara. Adrar's historical name was given it by the local Berber people, the Timmi, who established their ksar (fortified village) here. The modern name is derived from the Berber adrar (“mountain”). The settlement lies between the Erg (sand dunes) Chech and the Grand Erg Occidental near the streambed of the Wadi Messaoud. The Adrar area was historically a strategic point on the trade route between North and West Africa. The settlement's distinctive thick-walled red-wash architecture is characterized by sawtooth crenellation.

      The French captured Adrar from Moroccan forces in 1900, and in 1962 it became part of independent Algeria. The contemporary town is entered through a monumental gateway and has two main squares and rectangular avenues. The surrounding region consists almost entirely of sand-dune-covered plains. Nearly all of the region's inhabitants live in the vicinity of the Touat oases group, although palm-grove settlements are strung out along the Wadi Messaoud. Pop. (latest est.) mun., 28,495.

      traditional region of central Mauritania in western Africa. It consists of a low central massif with noticeable cliffs that rise to about 800 feet (240 m). The terrain is arid and almost totally unsuitable for cropping. There is, however, sufficient water at the base of the uplands to support date-palm groves, and during the wetter part of the year there is cultivation of millet, sorghum, melons, and vegetables in gorges. The population of the Adrar (Berber for “mountain”) formerly was nomadic. The major town in the region is Atar. Historic sites include Ouadane, formerly a caravan and gold-trading centre, and Chinguetti, an ancient centre of learning and of Islām.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adrar — árabe: أدرار bereber …   Wikipedia Español

  • Adrar — Adrar, a Berber word meaning mountain , is the name of several areas in Northwest Africa: * Adrar, Mauritania * Adrar Plateau in Mauritania * Adrar, Algeria * Adrar Province, Algeria …   Wikipedia

  • Adrar — (del sup. «adorar», de «ador»; Sal.) tr. Repartir las ↘aguas para el riego. * * * adrar. (De *adorar, dar ador o turno [de riego]). tr. Repartir las aguas para el riego. * * * Adrar (en árabe …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • adrar — ● adrar nom masculin (mot berbère) Équivalent du terme arabe djebel. Adrar oasis saharienne d Algérie (Touat); ch. l. de la wilaya du m. nom; 28 500 hab. Adrar plateau désertique du N. de la Mauritanie, aux confins du Sahara occid. Oasis …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Adrar — Adrar,   Stadt in Zentralalgerien an der Piste Oran Gao, Hauptort der Touatoasen (Touat), 28 500 Einwohner (hoher Negridenanteil). Adrar gilt als Ursprungsort des sudanesischen Baustils, der sich von hier aus nach Süden in den Sudan ausbreitete.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Adrár — (A. Tmarr), Oase in der westlichen Sahara unter 19° nördl. Br. und 12° westl. L., 300 m ü. M., in den Tälern mit reichlichem Baumwuchs. Unter 21° nördl. Br. befindet sich ein großer Süßwassersee, den 12,000 Menschen umwohnen. Gerste, Weizen, Mais …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • adrar — (De *adorar, dar ador o turno [de riego]). tr. Repartir las aguas para el riego …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Adrar — Das Wort Adrar (arabisch ‏أدرار‎, DMG Adrār, berberisch für „Berg“) bezeichnet: eine Verwaltungseinheit in Mauretanien, siehe Adrar (Region) das Adrar Plateau in dieser Provinz eine Provinz in Algerien, siehe Adrar (Algerische Provinz) die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adrar — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Adrar est à la fois le nom d une ville et le chef lieu de la wilaya du même nom en Algérie ; Adrar, une wilaya algérienne ; Adrar (Mauritanie),… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adrar — Original name in latin Adrar Name in other language Adrar, Адрар State code DZ Continent/City Africa/Algiers longitude 27.87429 latitude 0.29388 altitude 257 Population 43903 Date 2013 06 06 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database