Acehnese


Acehnese

people
also spelled  Atjehnese,  or  Achinese 

      one of the main ethnic groups on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. They were estimated to number roughly 2,100,000 in the late 20th century. They speak a language of the Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) family.

      The Acehnese were ruled by Indian princes prior to AD 500, and in the 13th century they became the first people in the archipelago to adopt Islam. After expelling the Portuguese in the 17th century, the sultanate of Acheh (now Aceh) was dominant in northern Sumatra until 1904, when the sultanate was conquered by the Dutch. The Acehnese, however, were never fully subdued. Although they are now part of the Indonesian republic, they remain restive and are administered within a special district.

      Western influence is evident in the Acehnese's public buildings and in the homes of the well-to-do. Otherwise the native type of dwelling prevails, consisting of a three-room structure of wood raised high above the ground on pilings.

      Descent is traced through both the maternal and paternal lines. A married couple goes to live with the bride's family. The position of women is high, and they do not wear veils. Their dress consists of a skirt over trousers, a jacket and scarf, and many ornaments. The man wears a jacket or shoulder cloth and trousers of great width.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Acehnese — may refer to:* Acehnese people * Acehnese language …   Wikipedia

  • Acehnese — noun A Malayo Polynesian language spoken in Aceh, Sumatra, Indonesia. Syn: Aceh See Also: Aceh …   Wiktionary

  • Acehnese language — language name=Acehnese nativename=Bahsa/Basa/Batö Acèh/Achèh familycolor=Austronesian states=Indonesia, Malaysia region=Aceh, Sumatra speakers=3 million fam2=Malayo Polynesian (MP) fam3=Nuclear MP fam4=Sunda Sulawesi fam5=Malayic fam6=Aceh Chamic …   Wikipedia

  • Acehnese people — The Acehnese (also Achinese) a people in Aceh in Indonesia. Their language which is also called Acehnese, belongs to the Western Malayo Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family.Their homeland is located in the northern most tip of… …   Wikipedia

  • Acehnese War — ▪ Southeast Asian history       (1873–1904), an armed conflict between The Netherlands and the Muslim sultanate of Acheh (now Aceh) in northern Sumatra that resulted in Dutch conquest of the Acehnese and, ultimately, in Dutch domination of the… …   Universalium

  • Acehnese regional election, 2006 — Regional elections were held in Aceh on 11 December 2006 after a peace treaty had been signed between the government of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement on 15 August 2005, ending the Insurgency in Aceh. [… …   Wikipedia

  • Overseas Acehnese — are people of Acehnese birth or descent who live outside the province of Aceh. Acehnese community can be found most significant in Malaysia[1][2]. Also there are Acehnese community significantly in Thailand[3], Singapore[4], Egypt, Saudi Arabia,… …   Wikipedia

  • Independent Voice of the Acehnese Party — Infobox Indonesian Political Party name english = Independent Voice of the Acehnese Party name native = Partai Suara Independen Rakyat Aceh , SIRA leader = Taufiq Abda foundation = 2007 headquarters = DPRseats = N/A (New Party) ideology = website …   Wikipedia

  • Aceh —   Province   Flag …   Wikipedia

  • Ottoman expedition to Aceh — Ottoman fleet in the Indian Ocean in the 16th century …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.