Abu Bakar


Abu Bakar

▪ sultan of Johore
born 1843?
died June 4, 1895, London, Eng.

      sultan of the Malay state of Johore (Johor) (now part of Malaysia) from 1885 to 1895. He maintained independence from Britain and stimulated economic development in Johore at a time when most Southeast Asian states were being incorporated into European colonial empires.

      Under an 1824 British treaty, supplemented by an agreement in 1855, the Malay state of Johore was ruled not by the sultan but by a lower-ranking official called a temenggong. These arrangements were in part an outgrowth of British machinations in acquiring Singapore in 1819. Abu Bakar, who became temenggong in 1862, was the third ruler under that agreement. He elevated his title to maharaja in 1868, and in 1885 he was acknowledged by Great Britain as sultan of Johore, disestablishing the former sultan's lineage. An able and clever ruler, he did much to promote trade, investment, and agriculture in his state. In particular he encouraged the development of gambier and pepper plantations.

      Western in his interests, Abu Bakar lived in the British colony of Singapore, and, in his conduct of Johore's internal affairs (Britain had control of Johore's foreign affairs under terms of an 1861 agreement), he made use of Western advisers and methods. This practice stood him in good stead in persuading the British that the government of Johore was stable and just. He also elicited British positions on important issues and established his own policy accordingly, compromising when necessary. Thus, he not only maintained his independence but also strengthened his position vis-à-vis other Malay rulers.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abu Bakar Bashir — (also Abubakar Ba asyir, Abdus Somad, and Ustad Abu ( Teacher Abu ), born August 17, 1938, is an Indonesian Muslim cleric and leader of the Indonesian Mujahedeen Council (MMI).He runs the Al Mukmin boarding school in Ngruki, Central Java which he …   Wikipedia

  • Abu Bakar Bashir — (* 17. August 1938 in Ostjava) ist ein indonesischer Islamist. Er gründete gemeinsam mit Abdullah Sungkar 1973 die Vereinigung Pondok Ngruki. 1978 wurden beide als Mitglieder des Kommando Dschihad verhaftet. Nach ihrer Freilassung flohen sie nach …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abu Bakar Ali — was a critically acclaimed Malaysian cinematographer of the 1950s and 1960s. He was born on January 28 1928. He currently resides in Singapore, possibly in the east area. He leads a low profile and rarely appears at award ceremonies.His last… …   Wikipedia

  • Abu Bakar Fadzim — is a Malaysian assistant football coach who is currently attached to the Perak FA President s Cup Team. He played for Perak FA from 1991 to 2003, except for 1999 when he played for Perlis FA. He took a job as assistant technical director with the …   Wikipedia

  • Abu Bakar Kamara — served as First Vice President of Sierra Leone from 1987 to 1991 under president Joseph Saidu Momoh …   Wikipedia

  • Abu-Bakar Saddique Boniface — (auch: Abubakar Saddique Boniface) (* 14. November 1960) ist ein führender Politiker in Ghana. Er war zwischen 2005 und Juli 2007 Minister für Jugend, Arbeitskräfte und Arbeit (Manpower, Youth and Employment). Aufgrund einer Regierungsumbildung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abu Bakar bin Abdul Jamal — Admiral Tan Sri Dato’ Seri Abu Bakar bin Abdul Jamal was the tenth Chief and the first four star Admiral of the Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN). [citebook|title=The Far East and Australasia 2003|author= Eur|year=2002|publisher=Routledge|id=ISBN… …   Wikipedia

  • Abu Bakar Suleiman — Tan Sri Dato Dr Abu Bakar Suleiman is a Malaysian medical professional and academic. He is currently Vice Chancellor and President of International Medical University in Kuala Lumpur. [cite web|url=http://www.imu.edu.my/faculty… …   Wikipedia

  • Abu Bakar Royal Mosque — The Abu Bakar Royal Mosque or Masjid Diraja Abu Bakar is Pahang s royal mosque which is located in Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia.Its interesting features include the Abdullah Mosque or Old Royal Mosque and a royal mausoleum. Royal mausoleum List of… …   Wikipedia

  • Sultan Abu Bakar State Mosque — Coordinates: 1°27′25.04″N 103°45′3.79″E / 1.4569556°N 103.7510528°E / 1.4569556; 103.7510528 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.