- Abrams, M.H.
▪ American literary criticin full Meyer Howard Abramsborn July 23, 1912, Long Branch, N.J., U.S.American literary critic known for his analysis of the Romantic period in English literature.Following his graduation from Harvard University in 1934, Abrams studied for a year at the University of Cambridge with I.A. Richards (Richards, I.A.) before returning to his alma mater to earn an M.A. (1937) and a Ph.D. (1940). He joined the faculty of Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., in 1945, becoming a full professor in 1953 and professor emeritus in 1983. His numerous and far-flung fellowships included positions at the University of Toronto, the University of California at Los Angeles, the University of British Columbia, and the University of Oxford.Abrams wrote his first book, The Milk of Paradise: The Effects of Opium Visions on the Works of De Quincey, Crabbe, Francis Thompson, and Coleridge (1934), while an undergraduate. With his second work, The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic Theory and the Critical Tradition (1953), an expanded version of his Ph.D. dissertation, he joined the front rank of Romantic-literature scholars. The book's title denotes the two metaphors by which Abrams characterized 18th- and 19th-century English literature, respectively—the former as a cool, intellectual reflection of outward reality and the latter as an illumination shed by artists upon their inner and outer worlds. Natural Supernaturalism (1971) explores a broader reach of the Romantic sensibility, including its religious implications and its influence on modern literature. Further critical essays by Abrams on Romantic topics were collected in The Correspondent Breeze (1984).From his collections Literature and Belief (1958) and In Search of Literary Theory (1972) to his A Glossary of Literary Terms (1957; 8th ed., 2005), Abrams was consistently concerned with analyzing literary theory and criticism. His introductory chapter to The Mirror and the Lamp was influential in distinguishing four critical “orientations” by which literary works are examined: the mimetic, which sees artworks as imitating the world and human life; the pragmatic, which sees artworks in their achievement of effects on an audience; the expressive, which sees artworks primarily in relation to their producers; and the objective, which looks at the relationships between the parts of the artwork itself. Abrams participated in the debates surrounding literary deconstruction and humanistic criticism in the 1970s, collecting some of his essays on these and related subjects in Doing Things with Texts (1989). He served as general editor of The Norton Anthology of English Literature (1962; 8th ed., 2006).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Abrams — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Albert Abrams (1868 1924), US amerikanischer Mediziner und Begründer der Radionik Aruna Abrams, US amerikanische Singer Songwriterin Colonel Abrams, US amerikanischer Sänger und Songwriter Creighton W.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Abrams — may refer to:;People * Abrams (name) * Abrams, Wisconsin, U.S. * M1 Abrams , main battle tank; The arts * The Abrams Brothers, Canadian bluegrass music group * Harry N. Abrams, American book publisheree also* Abram * Abramson … Wikipedia
Abrams M1 — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda M1 Abrams Obtenido de Abrams M1 … Wikipedia Español
Abrams — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Abrams peut faire référence à : Creighton Williams Abrams (1914 1974), un général américain de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. J. J. Abrams (né en 1966) … Wikipédia en Français
Abrams — This long established surname is of early medieval English origin, and is a patronymic form of the Hebrew male given name Avraham , originally Abram , high father , later changed to Abraham , father of a multitude (of nations) . This name was… … Surnames reference
Abrams — … Википедия
Abrams — Albert, U.S. physician, 1863–1924. See A. heart reflex … Medical dictionary
Abrams — patronymische Bildung (starker Genitiv) zu Abraham … Wörterbuch der deutschen familiennamen
Abrams P-1 Explorer — Role National origin United States of America Manufacturer Abrams Aircraft Corporation Designer Talbot Abrams First flight November 1937 Number built 1 … Wikipedia
Abrams Creek — ist der Name mehrerer Flüsse in den Vereinigten Staaten: Abrams Creek (Brush Creek), ein Fluss im US Bundesstaat Colorado Abrams Creek (Flint River), ein Fluss im US Bundesstaat Georgia Abrams Creek (Nantucket Sound), ein Fluss im US Bundesstaat… … Deutsch Wikipedia