Abbevillian industry


Abbevillian industry

      prehistoric stone-tool tradition generally considered to represent the oldest occurrence in Europe of a bifacial (hand-ax) technology. The Abbevillian industry dates from an imprecisely determined part of the Middle Pleistocene, somewhat less than 700,000 years ago. It was recovered from high terrace sediments of the lower Somme valley, in a suburb of Abbeville, Fr. The distinctive stone tools include massive core-tools (hand-axes), bifacially flaked, with deep flake scars and sinuous or jagged edges, along with thick, usually unretouched, flakes. The assemblage is usually considered closely related to the Acheulian industry (Acheulean industry) and may, in fact, represent merely a variant or temporal expression of it. See also Acheulian industry (Acheulean industry).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Abbevillian — /ab vil ee euhn, vil yeuhn, ab euh vil /, adj. of, pertaining to, or typical of an early Lower Paleolithic industry of the middle Pleistocene Epoch in Europe, characterized by the manufacture of large flakes and hand axes; Chellean. Also,… …   Universalium

  • Abbevillian — Abbe•vill•i•an or Abbe•vill•e•an [[t]æbˌvɪl i ən, ˈvɪl yən, ˌæb əˈvɪl [/t]] adj. ara of or designating an early Lower Paleolithic industry of the middle Pleistocene Epoch in Europe, characterized by manufacture of large flakes and hand axes •… …   From formal English to slang

  • Acheulean industry — Stone tool industry of the Lower Paleolithic Period characterized by bifacial stone tools with round cutting edges and typified especially by an almond shaped (amygdaloid) flint hand ax measuring 8–10 in. (20–25 cm) in length and flaked over its… …   Universalium

  • Chellean industry — ▪ archaeology       an early Stone Age industry characterized by crudely worked hand axes. The implements from Chelles in France that gave the industry its name are now grouped with the Acheulian industry. The term Chellean, in the sense of… …   Universalium

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