Rowling, Sir Wallace Edward


Rowling, Sir Wallace Edward
▪ 1996

      ("BILL"), New Zealand politician (b. Nov. 15, 1927, Motueka, N.Z.—d. Oct. 31, 1995, Motueka), led the New Zealand Labour Party throughout the 1970s and served an embattled 15-month tenure as prime minister in 1974-75. Rowling, whose father was a founding member of the Labour Party, received a master's degree in economics in 1952 from the University of Canterbury, where he subsequently lectured. He was serving as an education officer in the army when he entered politics, joining Parliament in 1962. He was president (1970-72) of the Labour Party and held the post of minister of finance (1972-74). His abrupt entrance into the nation's top political post came after the sudden death of Prime Minister Norman Kirk in 1974. Rowling, the youngest prime minister of the century, helped shape a foreign policy that included a strong anti-nuclear stance. His detractors, such as Robert Muldoon, leader of the rival National Party, criticized his low-key style of management as irresolute and ineffective. Owing to his waning popularity and continuing economic troubles, Rowling lost reelection to Muldoon, yet he maintained leadership of the opposition party until 1983, parrying challenges from deputy party leader David Lange. In 1984 he retired from Parliament and was awarded a knighthood. He later served as ambassador to the United States (1985-88), president of the New Zealand Institute of International Affairs (1990-95), and chairman of a committee to construct a national museum in Wellington.

* * *

▪ prime minister of New Zealand
byname  Bill Rowling  
born Nov. 15, 1927, Motueka, N.Z.
died Oct. 31, 1995, Nelson

      educator and politician who upon the death of Prime Minister Norman Kirk was elected premier of New Zealand (1974–75).

      Rowling was a lecturer in economics when he entered politics; he became a member of Parliament (1962) and president of the Labour Party (1970–72). He was minister of finance (1972) when he was chosen by the party to succeed the late prime minister. His government's effort to retrieve the economy ended with an upset victory by the National Party in 1975. Rowling continued to lead the Labour Party but lost two more general elections. Upon retiring from the party's leadership in 1983, he was knighted. He served as ambassador to the United States from 1985 to 1988.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wallace Edward Rowling — Sir Wallace Edward Rowling (* 15. November 1927 in Motueka, Neuseeland; † 31. Oktober 1995 in Nelson), besser bekannt als Bill Rowling, war ein neuseeländischer Politiker der Labour Party und vom 1974 bis 1975 Premierminister. Rowling wurde in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bill Rowling — Infobox Officeholder honorific prefix = The Right Honourable name=Sir Wallace Edward Rowling honorific suffix = KCMG, MP order=30th Prime Minister of New Zealand monarch=Elizabeth II term start=6 September 1974 term end=12 December 1975… …   Wikipedia

  • Bill Rowling — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rowling (homonymie). Le très honorable Sir Wallace Edward Rowling Mandats 30e Premier ministre de Nouvelle Zélande …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bill Rowling — (1978) Sir Wallace Edward Rowling (* 15. November 1927 in Motueka, Neuseeland; † 31. Oktober 1995 in Nelson), besser bekannt als Bill Rowling, war ein neuseeländischer Politiker der Labour Party und vom 1974 bis 1975 Premierminister. Rowling… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Palmer, Sir Geoffrey — ▪ prime minister of New Zealand in full  Sir Geoffrey Winston Russell Palmer  born April 21, 1942, Nelson, N.Z.       New Zealand Labour Party leader and prime minister of New Zealand for a year in 1989–90.       Palmer was educated at the… …   Universalium

  • Prime ministers of New Zealand — ▪ Table Prime ministers of New Zealand* name party term Henry Sewell (Sewell, Henry) 1856 William Fox (Fox, Sir William) 1856 Edward William Stafford (Stafford, Sir Edward William) 1856 61 William Fox (Fox, Sir William) 1861 62 Alfred Domett… …   Universalium

  • List of Privy Counsellors (1952–present) — This is a List of Privy Counsellors of the United Kingdom appointed since the accession of Queen Elizabeth II in 1952. Due to political ties, some Prime Ministers from Commonwealth realms also are ascended to the British Privy Council as… …   Wikipedia

  • 1927 in New Zealand — Population* Estimated Population as of 31 December: 1,450,400 [http://www.stats.govt.nz/NR/rdonlyres/24107FC8 E7B5 4CF2 B17C 15E31CCA7D05/0/HistoricalPop.xls] * Increase since previous 31/12/1926: 20,700 (1.45%) * Males per 100 Females:… …   Wikipedia

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • performing arts — arts or skills that require public performance, as acting, singing, or dancing. [1945 50] * * * ▪ 2009 Introduction Music Classical.       The last vestiges of the Cold War seemed to thaw for a moment on Feb. 26, 2008, when the unfamiliar strains …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.