Rostropovich, Mstislav Leopoldovich


Rostropovich, Mstislav Leopoldovich
▪ 2008
 Russian cellist and conductor
born March 27, 1927 , Baku, Azerbaijan, U.S.S.R. [now Azerbaijan]

died April 27, 2007 , Moscow, Russia
was one of the 20th century's finest cellists as well as an outspoken defender of artistic freedom and human rights. Although sometimes criticized for occasional overromanticism, Rostropovich was admired for his keen musicianship, both in contemporary works and in the established concert repertoire. His exploitation of the tonal resources of the cello was considered exceptional. He was born into a musical family and trained with his mother (a pianist) and his father (a cellist who had studied under Pablo Casals) before entering the Moscow Conservatory in 1943. Rostropovich resigned in 1948 when two of his teachers, composers Sergey Prokofiev and Dmitry Shostakovich, were censured, but he later (1956) returned to become a professor of cello at the conservatory. He began touring abroad as a cellist in the 1950s, though he also performed as a pianist in recitals with his wife, the soprano Galina Vishnevskaya. In 1968 he made his debut as a conductor. When in 1970 Rostropovich made clear his support of the dissident Soviet writer Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, the government sharply curtailed his ability to travel. In 1974, however, Rostropovich and Vishnevskaya were permitted to leave the country, and the next year they announced their decision not to return to the Soviet Union. In 1977 Rostropovich became music director of the National Symphony Orchestra in Washington, D.C., a post he held until 1994. The Soviet government deprived the couple of their citizenship in 1978 but reversed that decision in 1990. Composers who wrote works for him include Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Aram Khachaturian, Benjamin Britten, and Witold Lutoslawski. Rostropovich, the recipient of numerous awards, was given the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1987.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Rostropóvich, Mstislav (Leopóldovich) — (n. 27 mar. 1927, Bakú, República Socialista Soviética de Azerbaiyán, URSS). Violonchelista y director de orquesta estadounidense de origen ruso. A partir de 1943 estudió composición (con (Dmitri Shostakóvich), piano y violonchelo en el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Mstislav Rostropóvich — Mstislav Leopóldovich Rostropóvich (Мстислав Леопольдович Ростропович) (*Bakú, 27 de marzo de 1927) es un músico de origen soviético, considerado máximo violonchelista de su generación. Nació en Bakú, República Socialista Soviética de Azerbaiyán… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rostropovich — /ros treuh poh vich/; Russ. /rddu strddeuh paw vyich/, n. Mstislav (Leopoldovich) /mis teuh slahv lee euh pohl deuh vich/; Russ. /mstyi slahf lyi euh pawl deuh vyich/, born 1927, Soviet cellist and conductor, in the U.S. since 1974 (husband of… …   Universalium

  • Rostropovich — /ros treuh poh vich/; Russ. /rddu strddeuh paw vyich/, n. Mstislav (Leopoldovich) /mis teuh slahv lee euh pohl deuh vich/; Russ. /mstyi slahf lyi euh pawl deuh vyich/, born 1927, Soviet cellist and conductor, in the U.S. since 1974 (husband of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • performing arts — arts or skills that require public performance, as acting, singing, or dancing. [1945 50] * * * ▪ 2009 Introduction Music Classical.       The last vestiges of the Cold War seemed to thaw for a moment on Feb. 26, 2008, when the unfamiliar strains …   Universalium


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