Religious Adherents in the United States of America, AD 1900-2000


Religious Adherents in the United States of America, AD 1900-2000
▪ 2001

Religious Adherents in the United States of America, AD 1900-2000
 
  Year       Annual change, 1990-1995    
  1900 % mid-1970 % mid-1990 % Natural Conversion Total Rate (%) mid-1995 % mid-2000 %
Christians 73,270,000 96.4 191,182,000 91.0 217,719,000 85.7 2,218,400 -245,000 1,973,400   0.89 227,586,000 85.2 235,742,000 84.6
  Affiliated Christians 54,425,000 71.6 153,299,000 73.0 175,820,000 69.2 1,791,400 -107,000 1,684,400   0.94 184,242,000 69.0 191,828,000 68.8
     Roman Catholics 10,775,000 14.2 48,305,000 23.0 56,500,000 22.2 575,700 -532,700 43,000   0.08 56,715,000 21.2 58,000,000 20.8
     Protestants 35,000,000 46.1 58,568,000 27.9 60,216,000 23.7 613,500 -151,700 461,800   0.76 62,525,000 23.4 64,570,000 23.2
     Anglicans 1,600,000 2.1 3,196,000 1.5 2,450,000 1.0 25,000 -26,000 -1,000 -0.04 2,445,000 0.9 2,400,000 0.9
     Orthodox 400,000 0.5 4,163,000 2.0 5,150,000 2.0 52,500 11,900 64,400   1.22 5,472,000 2.0 5,762,000 2.1
     Independents 5,850,000 7.7 35,645,000 17.0 66,900,000 26.3 681,600 527,000 1,208,600   1.74 72,943,000 27.3 78,550,000 28.2
     Marginal Christians 800,000 1.1 6,126,000 2.9 8,940,000 3.5 91,100 21,300 112,400   1.23 9,502,000 3.6 10,080,000 3.6
     Multiple affiliation 0 0.0 -2,704,000 -1.3 -24,336,000 -9.6 -248,000 43,200 -204,800   0.83 -25,360,000 -9.5 -27,534,000 -9.9
     Evangelicals 32,068,000 42.2 31,516,000 15.0 37,349,000 14.7 380,600 12,400 393,000   1.03 39,314,000 14.7 40,640,000 14.6
     evangelicals 11,000,000 14.5 45,500,000 21.7 87,656,000 34.5 893,100 267,100 1,160,200   1.29 93,457,000 35.0 98,662,000 35.4
  Unaffiliated Christians 18,845,000 24.8 37,883,000 18.0 41,899,000 16.5 426,900 -137,900 289,000   0.68 43,344,000 16.2 43,914,000 15.8
Non-Christians 2,725,000 3.6 18,929,000 9.0 36,357,000 14.3 370,400 245,000 615,400   1.64 39,434,000 14.8 42,915,000 15.4
     Atheists 1,000 0.0 200,000 0.1 770,000 0.3 7,800 28,200 36,000   4.29 950,000 0.4 1,150,000 0.4
     Baha'is 3,000 0.0 138,000 0.1 600,000 0.2 6,100 10,300 16,400   2.60 682,000 0.3 753,000 0.3
     Buddhists 30,000 0.0 200,000 0.1 1,880,000 0.7 19,200 34,800 54,000   2.72 2,150,000 0.8 2,450,000 0.9
     Chinese folk religionists 70,000 0.1 90,000 0.0 76,000 0.0 800 -600 200   0.26 77,000 0.0 78,000 0.0
     Hindus 1,000 0.0 100,000 0.0 750,000 0.3 7,600 28,400 36,000   4.40 930,000 0.3 1,032,000 0.4
     Jews 1,500,000 2.0 6,700,000 3.2 5,535,000 2.2 56,400 -43,400 13,000   0.23 5,600,000 2.1 5,621,000 2.0
     Muslims 10,000 0.0 800,000 0.4 3,560,000 1.4 36,300 16,700 53,000   1.45 3,825,000 1.4 4,132,000 1.5
        Black Muslims 0 0.0 200,000 0.1 1,250,000 0.5 12,700 17,300 30,000   2.29 1,400,000 0.5 1,650,000 0.6
     New-Religionists 0 0.0 110,000 0.1 575,000 0.2 5,900 17,100 23,000   3.71 690,000 0.3 811,000 0.3
     Sikhs 0 0.0 1,000 0.0 160,000 0.1 1,600 4,800 6,400   3.71 192,000 0.1 234,000 0.1
     Ethnic religionists 100,000 0.1 70,000 0.0 280,000 0.1 2,900 18,500 21,400   6.69 387,000 0.1 435,000 0.2
     Other religionists 10,000 0.0 450,000 0.2 757,000 0.3 7,700 1,100 8,800   1.14 801,000 0.3 1,141,000 0.4
     Nonreligious 1,000,000 1.3 10,070,000 4.8 21,414,000 8.4 218,200 129,000 347,200   1.57 23,150,000 8.7 25,078,000 9.0
Total population 75,995,000 100.0 210,111,000 100.0 254,076,000 100.0 2,807,000 129,000 2,936,000   1.00 267,020,000 100.0 278,657,000 100.0
 
Methodology. This table extracts and analyzes a microcosm of the world religion table. It depicts the United States, the country with the largest number of adherents to Christianity, the world's largest religion. Statistics at five points in time across the 20th century are presented. Each religion's Annual change is also analyzed by Natural increase (births minus deaths, plus immigrants minus emigrants) per year and Conversion increase (new converts minus new defectors) per year, which together constitute the Total increase per year. Rate increase is then computed as percentage per year.
Structure. Vertically the table lists 26 major religious categories. The major religions (including nonreligion) in the U.S. are listed with largest (Christians) first and Other religionists and Nonreligious last. Indented names of groups in the "Adherents" column are subcategories of the groups above them and are also counted in these unindented totals, so they should not be added twice into the column total. Figures in italics draw adherents from all categories of Christians above and so cannot be added together with them. Figures for Christians in 1970, 1990, and 1995 are built upon detailed head counts by churches, often to the last digit. Totals are then rounded to the nearest 1,000. Because of rounding, the corresponding percentage figures may sometimes not total exactly 100%. Figures for AD 2000 are projections based on current trends.
Christians. All persons who profess publicly to follow Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour. This category is subdivided into Affiliated Christians (church members) and Unaffiliated (nominal) Christians (professing Christians not affiliated with any church). See also the note on Christians to the world religion table above.
Evangelicals/evangelicals. These two designations-italicized and enumerated separately here-cut across all of the six Christian traditions listed above and should be considered separately from them. Evangelicals are Protestant churches, agencies, and individuals that call themselves by this term (for example, members of the National Organization of Evangelicals); they usually emphasize 5 or more of 7, 9, or 21 fundamental doctrines (salvation by faith, personal acceptance, verbal inspiration of Scripture, depravity of man, Virgin Birth, miracles of Christ, atonement, evangelism, Second Advent, et al.). The evangelicals are Christians from all traditions who are committed to the evangel (gospel) and involved in personal witness and mission in the world.
Independents. Members of churches and networks that regard themselves as postdenominationalist and neo-apostolic and thus independent of historic, organized, institutionalized, denominationalist Christanity.
Marginal Christians. Members of denominations on the margins of organized mainstream Christianity (Mormons, Jehovah's Witnesses, Christian Science, Religious Science).
Non-Christians. Followers of non-Christian religions or, in the case of Nonreligious, no religion.
Jews. Core Jewish population relating to Judaism, excluding Jewish persons professing a different religion.
Other categories. Definitions are as given above under the world religion table.
(DAVID B. BARRETT; TODD M. JOHNSON)
See as table:
▪ 2000

Religious Adherents in the United States of America, AD 1900-2000
 
  Year       Annual change, 1990-1995    
  1900 % mid-1970 % mid-1990 % Natural Conversion Total Rate (%) mid-1995 % mid-2000 %
Christians 73,270,000 96.4 191,182,000 91.0 217,719,000 85.7 2,218,400 -245,000 1,973,400   0.89 227,586,000 85.2 235,742,000 84.7
  Affiliated Christians 54,425,000 71.6 152,891,000 72.8 184,726,000 72.7 1,882,200 -408,200 1,474,000   0.79 192,096,000 71.9 199,487,000 71.7
     Roman Catholics 10,775,000 14.2 48,305,000 23.0 56,500,000 22.2 575,700 -532,700 43,000   0.08 56,715,000 21.2 58,000,000 20.8
     Protestants 35,000,000 46.1 70,653,000 33.6 82,072,000 32.3 836,200 -150,600 685,600   0.82 85,500,000 32.0 88,800,000 31.9
         Evangelicals 26,598,000 35.0 50,689,000 24.1 67,743,000 26.7 690,200 277,200 967,400   1.39 72,580,000 27.2 76,815,000 27.6
     Anglicans 1,600,000 2.1 3,234,000 1.5 2,450,000 1.0 25,000 -30,000 -5,000 -0.20 2,425,000 0.9 2,400,000 0.9
     Orthodox 400,000 0.5 4,163,000 2.0 4,250,000 1.7 43,300 232,900 276,200   5.79 5,631,000 2.1 6,260,000 2.2
     Black Christians 5,750,000 7.6 19,679,000 9.4 32,598,000 12.8 332,100 108,300 440,400   1.32 34,800,000 13.0 37,200,000 13.4
         Black Evangelicals 5,320,000 7.0 13,551,000 6.4 17,248,000 6.8 175,700 58,700 234,400   1.32 18,420,000 6.9 19,548,000 7.0
     Catholics (non-Roman) 100,000 0.1 473,000 0.2 646,000 0.3 6,600 6,200 12,800   1.91 710,000 0.3 800,000 0.3
     Other Christians 800,000 1.1 6,384,000 3.0 9,050,000 3.6 92,200 21,800 114,000   1.23 9,620,000 3.6 10,100,000 3.6
     Multiple affiliation 0 0.0 0 0.0 -2,840,000 -1.1 -28,900 -64,100 -93,000   3.08 -3,305,000 -1.2 -4,073,000 -1.5
  Unaffiliated Christians 18,845,000 24.8 38,291,000 18.2 32,993,000 13.0 336,200 163,200 499,400   1.47 35,490,000 13.3 36,255,000 13.0
Non-Christians 2,724,800 3.6 18,929,000 9.0 36,357,000 14.3 370,400 245,000 615,400   1.64 39,434,000 14.8 42,615,000 15.3
Atheists 1,000 0.0 200,000 0.1 770,000 0.3 7,800 28,200 36,000   4.29 950,000 0.4 1,150,000 0.4
Baha'is 2,800 0.0 138,000 0.1 600,000 0.2 6,100 10,300 16,400   2.60 682,000 0.3 753,000 0.3
Buddhists 30,000 0.0 200,000 0.1 1,880,000 0.7 19,200 34,800 54,000   2.72 2,150,000 0.8 2,450,000 0.9
Chinese folk religionists 70,000 0.1 90,000 0.0 76,000 0.0 800 -600 200   0.26 77,000 0.0 78,000 0.0
Hindus 1,000 0.0 100,000 0.0 750,000 0.3 7,600 28,400 36,000   4.40 930,000 0.3 1,032,000 0.4
Jews 1,500,000 2.0 6,700,000 3.2 5,535,000 2.2 56,400 -43,400 13,000   0.23 5,600,000 2.1 5,621,000 2.0
Muslims 10,000 0.0 800,000 0.4 3,560,000 1.4 36,300 16,700 53,000   1.45 3,825,000 1.4 4,132,000 1.5
  Black Muslims 0 0.0 200,000 0.1 1,250,000 0.5 12,700 17,300 30,000   2.29 1,400,000 0.5 1,650,000 0.6
New-Religionists 0 0.0 110,000 0.1 575,000 0.2 5,900 17,100 23,000   3.71 690,000 0.3 811,000 0.3
Sikhs 0 0.0 1,000 0.0 160,000 0.1 1,600 4,800 6,400   3.71 192,000 0.1 234,000 0.1
Ethnic religionists 100,000 0.1 70,000 0.0 280,000 0.1 2,900 18,500 21,400   6.69 387,000 0.1 435,000 0.2
Other religionists 10,000 0.0 450,000 0.2 757,000 0.3 7,700 1,100 8,800   1.14 801,000 0.3 841,000 0.3
Nonreligious 1,000,000 1.3 10,070,000 4.8 21,414,000 8.4 218,200 129,000 347,200   1.57 23,150,000 8.7 25,078,000 9.0
Total population 75,994,800 100.0 210,111,000 100.0 254,076,000 100.0 2,588,800 0 2,588,800   1.00 267,020,000 100.0 278,357,000 100.0
 
Methodology. This table extracts a microcosm of the world table. It depicts the United States, the country with the largest number of adherents to Christianity, the world's largest religion. Statistics for five points in time across the 20th century are presented. Each religion's Annual change is also analyzed by: Natural increase (births minus deaths, plus immigrants minus emigrants) per year and Conversion (new converts minus new defectors) per year, which together constitute the Total increase per year. Rate increase is then computed as percentage per year.
Structure. Vertically the table lists 26 major religious categories. The major religions (including nonreligion) in the U.S. are listed with largest (Christians) first and Other religionists and Nonreligious last. Indented names of groups in the "Adherents" column are subcategories of the groups above them and are also counted in these unindented totals, so they should not be added twice into the column total. Figures for Christians in 1970 and 1990 are built upon detailed head counts by churches, usually to the last digit. Totals are then rounded to the nearest 1,000. Because of rounding, the corresponding percentage figures may sometimes not total exactly 100%. Figures for AD 2000 are projections based on current trends.
Christians are all persons who profess publicly to follow Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour. This category is subdivided into Affiliated Christians (church members) and Unaffiliated (nominal) Christians (professing Christians not affiliated with any church). See also the note on Christians to the Worldwide table.
Evangelicals. Churches, agencies, and individuals that call themselves by this term usually emphasize five or more of several fundamental doctrines (salvation by faith, personal acceptance, verbal inspiration of Scripture, depravity of man, Virgin Birth, miracles of Christ, atonement, evangelism, Second Advent).
Black Christians. Members of denominations initiated by Africans, Caribbean islanders, or African Americans.
Other Christians. This term denotes members of denominations and churches that regard themselves as outside mainline Protestant/Catholic/Orthodox/Anglican Christianity.
Jews. Core Jewish population relating to Judaism, excluding Jewish persons professing a different religion.
Multiple affiliation. This term represents the count of those persons who are members of two or more Christian denominations at the same time, expressed as a negative number in order to correct for the double counting.
(DAVID B. BARRETT; TODD M. JOHNSON)
See as table:
▪ 1999

Religious Adherents in the United States of America, AD 1900-2000
 
  Year   Annual change, 1990-1995  
Adherents 1900 % mid-1970 % mid-1990 % Natural Conversion Total Rate (%) mid-1995 % mid-2000 %
Christians 73,270,000 96.4 189,322,000 90.1 216,727,000 85.3 2,219,100 -19,900 2,173,400   0.98 227,594,000 85.2 236,002,000 84.9
   Affiliated Christians 54,425,000 71.6 153,201,000 72.9 184,876,000 72.8 1,893,000  157,200 2,057,000   1.08 192,181,000 71.9 205,090,000 71.4
      Roman Catholics 10,775,000 14.2 48,391,000 23.0 56,650,000 22.3 580,000   -23,200 557,000   0.96 56,800,000 21.3 57,000,000 20.5
      Protestants 35,000,000 46.1 70,653,000 33.6 82,072,000 32.3 840,300 -154,700 685,600   0.82 85,500,000 32.0 88,800,000 32.0
         Evangelicals 26,598,000 35.0 50,689,000 24.1 67,743,000 26.7 693,600  273,800 967,400   1.39 72,580,000 27.2 76,815,000 27.6
      Anglicans 1,600,000 2.1 3,234,000 1.5 2,450,000 1.0 25,100   -51,400 -26,000 -1.07 2,425,000 0.9 2,400,000 0.9
      Orthodox 400,000 0.5 4,387,000 2.1 4,250,000 1.7 43,500  232,700 276,200   5.79 5,631,000 2.1 6,260,000 2.3
      Black Christians 5,750,000 7.6 19,679,000 9.4 32,598,000 12.8 333,800  106,600 440,400   1.32 34,800,000 13.0 37,200,000 13.4
         Black Evangelicals 5,320,000 7.0 13,551,000 6.4 17,248,000 6.8 176,600    57,800 234,400   1.32 18,420,000 6.9 19,548,000 7.0
      Catholics (non-Roman) 100,000 0.1 473,000 0.2 646,000 0.3 6,600      6,200 12,800   1.91 710,000 0.3 800,000 0.3
      Other Christians 800,000 1.1 6,384,000 3.0 9,050,000 3.6 92,700  104,900 204,000   2.02 9,620,000 3.6 10,100,000 3.6
   Unaffiliated Christians 18,845,000 24.8 36,121,000 17.2 31,851,000 12.5 326,100 -177,100 712,400   0.46 35,413,000 13.3 31,678,000 13.5
Non-Christians 2,724,800 3.6 20,789,000 9.9 37,379,000 14.7 382,700    19,900 428,400   1.12 39,521,000 14.8 41,823,000 15.1
   Atheists 1,000 0.0 200,000 0.1 770,000 0.3 7,900    12,900 20,800   2.57 874,000 0.3 925,000 0.3
   Baha'is 2,800 0.0 138,000 0.1 600,000 0.2 6,100    10,500 16,600   2.63 683,000 0.3 750,000 0.3
   Buddhists 30,000 0.0 200,000 0.1 1,880,000 0.7 19,200    19,600 48,000   2.43 2,120,000 0.8 2,318,000 0.8
   Chinese folk religionists 70,000 0.1 90,000 0.0 76,000 0.0 800     -1,200 -400 -0.53 74,000 0.0 70,000 0.0
   Hindus 1,000 0.0 100,000 0.0 750,000 0.3 7,700    28,300 36,000   4.40 930,000 0.3 1,030,000 0.4
   Jews 1,500,000 2.0 6,700,000 3.2 5,535,000 2.2 56,700   -60,100 -3,400 -0.06 5,518,000 2.1 5,500,000 2.0
   Muslims 10,000 0.0 800,000 0.4 3,600,000 1.4 36,900    -3,500 44,000   1.19 3,820,000 1.4 4,175,000 1.5
      Black Muslims 0 0.0 200,000 0.1 1,250,000 0.5 12,800   17,200 30,000   2.29 1,400,000 0.5 1,650,000 0.6
   New-Religionists 0 0.0 110,000 0.1 575,000 0.2 5,900       -300 5,600   0.96 603,000 0.2 675,000 0.2
   Nonreligious 1,000,000 1.3 11,730,000 5.6 22,233,000 8.7 227,600      4,600 232,200   1.02 23,394,000 8.8 24,700,000 8.9
   Sikhs 0 0.0 1,000 0.0 160,000 0.1 1,600      4,400 6,000   3.50 190,000 0.1 220,000 0.1
   Tribal religionists 100,000 0.1 70,000 0.0 280,000 0.1 2,900      2,100 5,000   1.73 305,000 0.1 350,000 0.1
   Other religionists 10,000 0.0 650,000 0.3 920,000 0.4 9,400      8,600 18,000   1.88 1,010,000 0.4 1,110,000 0.4
Total population 75,994,800 100.0 210,111,000 100.0 254,106,000 100.0 2,601,800             0 2,601,800   1.00 267,115,000 100.0 277,825,000 100.0
Methodology. This table extracts a microcosm of the world table above. It depicts the United States, the country with the largest number of adherents to Christianity, the world's largest religion. Statistics for five points in time across the 20th century are presented. Each religion's Annual change is also analyzed by: Natural increase (births minus deaths, plus immigrants minus emigrants) per year and Conversion (new converts minus new defectors) per year, which together constitute the Total increase per year. Rate is then computed as percentage per year.
Structure. Vertically the table lists 26 major religious categories. The 12 major religions (including nonreligion) in the U.S. are listed alphabetically with largest (Christians) first. Indented names of groups in the "Adherents" column are subcategories of the groups above them and are also counted in these unindented totals, so they should not be added twice into the column total. Figures for Christians in 1970 and 1990 are built upon detailed head counts by churches, usually to the last digit. Totals are then rounded to the nearest 1,000. Because of rounding, the corresponding percentage figures may sometimes not total exactly 100%. Figures for AD 2000 are projections based on current long-term trends.
Christians are all persons who profess publicly to follow Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour. This category is subdivided into Affiliated Christians (church members) and Unaffiliated (nominal) Christians (professing Christians not affiliated with any church). See also the note on Christians to the Worldwide table, above.
Evangelicals. Churches, agencies, and individuals that call themselves by this term usually emphasize five or more of several fundamental doctrines (salvation by faith, personal acceptance, verbal inspiration of Scripture, depravity of man, Virgin Birth, miracles of Christ, atonement, evangelism, Second Advent).
Black Christians. Members of denominations initiated by Africans, Caribbean islanders, or African-Americans.
Other Christians. This term denotes members of denominations and churches that regard themselves as outside mainline Protestant/Catholic/Orthodox/Anglican Christianity.
Jews. Core Jewish population relating to Judaism, excluding Jewish persons professing a different religion.                             (DAVID B. BARRETT; TODD M. JOHNSON)
See as table:

* * *

Table
Religious Adherents in the United States of America, AD 1900-2000
 
  Year   Annual Change, 1990-1995  
Adherents 1900 % mid-1970 % mid-1990 % Natural Conversion Total Rate (%) mid-1995 % mid-2000 %
Christians 73,270,000 96.4 189,321,000 90.1 217,024,000 85.4 2,222,100   -19,900 2,202,200   0.99 228,035,000 85.4 236,768,000 85.2
  Professing Christians 73,270,000 96.4 189,321,000 90.1 217,024,000 85.4 2,222,100   -19,900 2,202,200   0.99 228,035,000 85.4 236,768,000 85.2
    Unaffiliated Christians 18,845,000 24.8 36,120,000 17.2 31,473,000 12.4 322,300 -177,100 145,200   0.46 32,199,000 12.1 31,678,000 11.4
    Affiliated Christians 54,425,000 71.6 153,201,000 72.9 185,551,000 73.0 1,899,800  157,200 2,057,000   1.08 195,836,000 73.3 205,090,000 73.8
      Roman Catholics 10,775,000 14.2 48,391,000 23.0 56,665,000 22.3 580,200   -23,200 557,000   0.96 59,450,000 22.3 61,800,000 22.2
      Protestants 35,000,000 46.1 70,653,000 33.6 82,072,000 32.3 840,300 -154,700 685,600   0.82 85,500,000 32.0 88,800,000 32.0
        Evangelicals 26,598,000 35.0 50,689,000 24.1 67,743,000 26.7 693,600  273,800 967,400   1.39 72,580,000 27.2 76,815,000 27.6
      Anglicans (Episcopalians) 1,600,000 2.1 3,234,000 1.5 2,480,000 1.0 25,400   -51,400 -26,000 -1.07 2,350,000 0.9 2,203,000 0.8
      Orthodox 400,000 0.5 4,387,000 2.1 4,250,000 1.7 43,500  232,700 276,200   5.79 5,631,000 2.1 6,260,000 2.3
      Black Christians 5,750,000 7.6 19,679,000 9.4 32,598,000 12.8 333,800  106,600 440,400   1.32 34,800,000 13.0 37,200,000 13.4
        Black Evangelicals 5,320,000 7.0 13,551,000 6.4 17,248,000 6.8 176,600    57,800 234,400   1.32 18,420,000 6.9 19,548,000 7.0
      Catholics (non-Roman) 100,000 0.1 473,000 0.2 646,000 0.3 6,600      6,200 12,800   1.91 710,000 0.3 800,000 0.3
      Other Christians 800,000 1.1 6,384,000 3.0 9,680,000 3.8 99,100  104,900 204,000   2.02 10,700,000 4.0 12,100,000 4.4
Non-Christians 2,724,800 3.6 20,789,000 9.9 37,079,000 14.6 379,700    19,900 399,600   1.06 39,077,000 14.6 41,054,000 14.8
  Atheists 1,000 0.0 200,000 0.1 770,000 0.3 7,900    12,900 20,800   2.57 874,000 0.3 925,000 0.3
  Baha'is 2,800 0.0 138,000 0.1 600,000 0.2 6,100    10,500 16,600   2.63 683,000 0.3 750,000 0.3
  Buddhists 30,000 0.0 200,000 0.1 1,680,000 0.7 17,200    19,600 36,800   2.10 1,864,000 0.7 2,000,000 0.7
  Chinese folk religionists 70,000 0.1 90,000 0.0 76,000 0.0 800     -1,200 -400 -0.53 74,000 0.0 70,000 0.0
  Hindus 1,000 0.0 100,000 0.0 650,000 0.3 6,700    22,300 29,000   4.11 795,000 0.3 950,000 0.3
  Jews 1,500,000 2.0 6,700,000 3.2 5,535,000 2.2 56,700   -60,100 -3,400 -0.06 5,518,000 2.1 5,500,000 2.0
  Muslims 10,000 0.0 800,000 0.4 3,600,000 1.4 36,900    -3,500 33,400   0.91 3,767,000 1.4 3,950,000 1.4
    Black Muslims 0 0.0 200,000 0.1 1,250,000 0.5 12,800   17,200 30,000   2.29 1,400,000 0.5 1,650,000 0.6
  New-Religionists 0 0.0 110,000 0.1 575,000 0.2 5,900       -300 5,600   0.96 603,000 0.2 675,000 0.2
  Nonreligious 1,000,000 1.3 11,730,000 5.6 22,233,000 8.7 227,600      4,600 232,200   1.02 23,394,000 8.8 24,554,000 8.8
  Sikhs 0 0.0 1,000 0.0 160,000 0.1 1,600      4,400 6,000   3.50 190,000 0.1 220,000 0.1
  Tribal religionists 100,000 0.1 70,000 0.0 280,000 0.1 2,900      2,100 5,000   1.73 305,000 0.1 350,000 0.1
  Other religionists 10,000 0.0 650,000 0.3 920,000 0.4 9,400      8,600 18,000   1.88 1,010,000 0.4 1,110,000 0.4
Total population 75,994,800 100.0 210,110,000 100.0 254,103,000 100.0 2,601,800             0 2,601,800   1.00 267,112,000 100.0 277,822,000 100.0
Methodology. This table extracts a microcosm of the world table above. It depicts the United States, the country with the largest number of adherents to Christianity, the world's largest religion. Statistics for five points in time across the 20th century are presented. Also analyzed is each religion's Annual change by: Natural increase (births minus deaths, plus immigrants minus emigrants) per year and Conversion (new converts minus new defectors per year, which together constitute the Total increase per year. Rate is then computed as percentage per year.
Structure. Vertically the table lists 27 major religious categories. The 12 major religions (including nonreligion) in the U.S. are listed alphabetically with largest (Christians) first. Indented names of groups in the "Adherents" column are subcategories of the groups above them and are also counted in these unindented totals, so they should not be added twice into the column total. Figures for Christians in 1970 and 1990 are built upon detailed head counts by churches, usually to the last digit. Totals are then rounded to the nearest 1,000. Because of rounding, the corresponding percentage figures may sometimes not total exactly 100%. Figures for AD 2000 are projections based on current long-term trends.
Christians. Professing Christians are all persons who profess publicly to follow Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour. This category is subdivided into affiliated Christians (church members) and unaffiliated (nominal) Christians (professing Christians not affiliated with any church). The six major ecclesiastical blocs are ranked by number of adherents in AD 2000.
Evangelicals. Churches, agencies, and individuals that call themselves by this term usually emphasize five or more of several fundamental doctrines (salvation by faith, personal acceptance, verbal inspiration of Scripture, depravity of man, Virgin Birth, miracles of Christ, atonement, evangelism, Second Advent).
Black Christians. Members of denominations initiated by Africans, Caribbean islanders, African-Americans.
Other Christians. This term denotes members of denominations and churches that regard themselves as outside mainline Protestant/Catholic/Orthodox Christianity.
Jews. Core Jewish population relating to Judaism, excluding Jewish persons professing a different religion.                                      (DAVID B. BARRETT; TODD M. JOHNSON)
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