Mitford, Jessica Lucy

Mitford, Jessica Lucy
▪ 1997

      British-born U.S. writer and journalist (b. Sept. 11, 1917, Gloucester, Eng.—d. July 23, 1996, Oakland, Calif.), was known as "queen of the muckrakers" for her investigative works on such aspects of U.S. life as the funeral industry, the prison system, and the medical profession. Mitford, known as "Decca" to friends and family, was one of seven children in an eccentric aristocratic family; her sister Unity was an ardent follower of Adolf Hitler, her sister Diana married British fascist leader Oswald Mosley, and her parents and brother were also fascist sympathizers. Another sister, Nancy, was a famous novelist. Mitford eloped (1937) with a distant cousin, Esmond Romilly, Winston Churchill's nephew, and went to Spain to fight for the communists in the Spanish Civil War. They were married shortly thereafter and in 1939 moved to the U.S. Romilly, who had joined the Royal Canadian Air Force, was killed in action (1941) in World War II, and in 1943 Mitford married lawyer Robert Treuhaft. She became a U.S. citizen the following year. The couple were members of the American Communist Party until 1958, and Mitford was active in the civil rights movement. As a result, she was considered a subversive and was summoned to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee. Mitford began her writing career with the self-published pamphlet Lifeitselfmanship (1956). Her first book, the autobiographical Daughters and Rebels (1960), was followed by the one that established her reputation. The American Way of Death (1963), a caustic exposé of unscrupulous practices in the funeral industry, was a best-seller and led to a Federal Trade Commission investigation. Other books included The Trial of Dr. Spock (1969), about the trial of the pediatrician and four others on conspiracy charges resulting from anti-Vietnam War activities; Kind and Usual Punishment: The Prison Business (1973), a study condemning the U.S. prison system; A Fine Old Conflict (1977), an autobiographical account of her time as a communist; and The American Way of Birth (1992), a criticism of U.S. obstetric care. She also exposed the Famous Writers School as a fraud. Shortly before her death, Mitford prepared a revised edition of The American Way of Death, to be published in 1997.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Mitford, Jessica — ▪ American writer in full  Jessica Lucy Mitford   born Sept. 11, 1917, Gloucestershire, England died July 23, 1996, Oakland, Calif., U.S.  English born writer and journalist noted for her witty and irreverent investigations of various aspects of… …   Universalium

  • Jessica Lucy Mitford — noun United States writer (born in England) who wrote on American culture (1917 1996) • Syn: ↑Mitford, ↑Jessica Mitford • Instance Hypernyms: ↑writer, ↑author …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mitford — noun 1. United States writer (born in England) who wrote on American culture (1917 1996) • Syn: ↑Jessica Mitford, ↑Jessica Lucy Mitford • Instance Hypernyms: ↑writer, ↑author 2. English writer of comic novels (1904 1973) • …   Useful english dictionary

  • Jessica Mitford — noun United States writer (born in England) who wrote on American culture (1917 1996) • Syn: ↑Mitford, ↑Jessica Lucy Mitford • Instance Hypernyms: ↑writer, ↑author …   Useful english dictionary

  • Jessica Mitford — Born September 11, 1917(1917 09 11) Gloucestershire, England, UK Died July 22, 1996(1996 07 22) (aged 78) Oakland, California, United States Cause of …   Wikipedia

  • Jessica Mitford — Nacimiento 11 de septiembre de 1917 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jessica Mitford — Jessica Lucy Mitford (* 1917 in Burford, Oxfordshire; † 1996) war eine britische Schriftstellerin. Biografie Jessica Lucy Mitford, fünfte von sechs Töchtern von David Bertram Ogilvy Freeman Mitford, 2. Baron Redesdale und Schwester von Nancy,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mitford — n. family name; Mary Russell Mitford (1787 1855), English novelist; Nancy Freeman Mitford and her sister Jessica Lucy Mitford, English authors …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Nancy Mitford — Born 28 November 1904(1904 11 28) London, England Died 30 June 1973(1973 06 30) (aged 68) Versailles, France …   Wikipedia

  • List of women writers — compactTOC NOTOC A* Eleanor Hallowell Abbott * Louise Abeita * Abiola Abrams * Kathy Acker * Juliette Adam * Abigail Adams * Stephanie Adams (born 1970), American author. * Fleur Adcock (born 1935) * Yda Addis * Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie * Renata… …   Wikipedia

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