Lorenz, Edward Norton


Lorenz, Edward Norton
▪ 2009

      American meteorologist and mathematician

born May 23, 1917, West Hartford, Conn.

died April 16, 2008, Cambridge, Mass.
was considered the father of modern chaos theory. In his effort to predict the weather by using computers, Lorenz constructed a weather model that showed that almost any two nearby starting points, indicating the current weather, will quickly diverge trajectories and will quite frequently end up in different “lobes,” which correspond to calm or stormy weather. His model's twin-lobed shape gave rise to the somewhat facetious “butterfly effect” metaphor: the flapping of a butterfly's wings in China today may cause a tornado in Kansas tomorrow. For his groundbreaking work (his findings were published in 1963 in a paper entitled “Deterministic Nonperiodic Flow”), Lorenz shared the 1983 Crafoord Prize of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and was awarded the 1991 Kyoto Prize. He earned a master's degree (1943) and a doctorate (1948) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he served as a professor and head of the meteorology department until 1987, when he became emeritus professor.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lorenz , Edward Norton — (1917–) American meteorologist Born in West Hartford, Connecticut, Lorenz was educated at Dartmouth College, New Hampshire, at Harvard, and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He joined the MIT faculty in 1946 and served as professor of …   Scientists

  • Lorenz, Edward (Norton) — born May 23, 1917, West Hartford, Conn., U.S. U.S. meteorologist. Following degrees from Dartmouth College and Harvard University in mathematics, he turned to weather forecasting in 1942 with the U.S. Army Air Corps. After World War II he joined… …   Universalium

  • Lorenz, Edward (Norton) — (n. 23 may. 1917, West Hartford, Conn., EE.UU.). Meteorólogo estadounidense. Después de obtener grados en matemática en el Dartmouth College y en la Universidad de Harvard, en 1942 se dedicó al pronóstico meteorológico en el Cuerpo de ingenieros… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edward Norton Lorenz — (* 23. Mai 1917 in West Hartford, Connecticut; † 16. April 2008 in Cambridge, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Mathematiker und Meteorologe. Er gilt als Vater der Chaostheorie und des Schmetterlingseffekts.[1] Inha …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edward Norton Lorenz — Edward Lorenz Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lorenz. Edward Norton Lorenz est un scientifique américain né le 23 mai 1917 à West Hartford, dans le Connecticut, décédé le 16 avril 2008 à Cambridge (MA)[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edward Norton Lorenz — Infobox Scientist box width = 300px name = Edward Norton Lorenz image width = 200px caption = Edward Norton Lorenz birth date = birth date|1917|5|23 birth place = West Hartford, Connecticut, United States death date = death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Edward Lorenz — Edward Norton Lorenz (* 23. Mai 1917 in West Hartford, Connecticut; † 16. April 2008 in Cambridge, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Mathematiker und Meteorologe. Er gilt als Vater der Chaostheorie und des Schmetterlingseffekts.[1] Inha …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edward N. Lorenz — Edward Norton Lorenz (* 23. Mai 1917 in West Hartford, Connecticut; † 16. April 2008 in Cambridge, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Mathematiker und Meteorologe. Er gilt als Vater der Chaostheorie und des Schmetterlingseffekts.[1]… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edward N. Lorenz — Edward Lorenz Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lorenz. Edward Norton Lorenz est un scientifique américain né le 23 mai 1917 à West Hartford, dans le Connecticut, décédé le 16 avril 2008 à Cambridge (MA)[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lorenz — Lorenz, Konrad * * * (as used in expressions) Hart, Lorenz (Milton) Lorenz, Edward (Norton) Lorenz, Konrad (Zacharias) …   Enciclopedia Universal


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