Kabila, Laurent-Desire


Kabila, Laurent-Desire
▪ 2002

      Congolese political leader (b. Nov. 27, 1939, Jadotville, Katanga province, Belgian Congo—confirmed dead on Jan. 18, 2001, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo [DRC; formerly Zaire]), was president of the DRC from 1997 until his death. In 1960, after studying in France and Tanzania, Kabila became a youth leader in a political party allied to Congo's first postindependence prime minister, Marxist-Maoist Patrice Lumumba. Lumumba was deposed in 1961 by Mobutu Sese Seko and later killed. Assisted for a time in 1964 by guerrilla leader Che Guevara, Kabila helped Lumumba supporters lead a revolt, but it was eventually suppressed in 1965 by the Congolese army led by Mobutu. Kabila then founded (1967) the People's Revolutionary Party, which established a Marxist territory in the Kivu region of eastern Zaire and managed to sustain itself through gold mining and ivory trading. When that enterprise came to an end during the 1980s, he ran a business selling gold in Dar es Salaam, Tanz., until he resurfaced in Zaire in 1996 as leader of the newly formed Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire. Supported by a nation outraged by the dictatorial leadership of Mobutu, Kabila rallied forces consisting mostly of Tutsi from eastern Zaire. Marching west toward the capital city of Kinshasa, Kabila's troops forced Mobutu to flee the country before their arrival. On May 17, 1997, Kabila installed himself as head of state. He also rejected the name Zaire, which Mobutu had given the country in 1971, and reverted its name to the DRC. Kabila was able to secure regional support, and his plan to revive the economy was welcomed both internationally and at home. Humanitarian organizations, however, soon voiced reservations. Reportedly, Kabila's troops had been responsible for the murder of thousands of Hutu refugees who had fled Rwanda into Zaire in 1994; Kabila ignored UN demands for an inquiry into the massacre. Resorting to many of the same dictatorial methods as his predecessor, Kabila refused to hold new elections, banned political parties, imprisoned journalists and human rights workers, and invited members of his family into the government. His years in office were largely consumed by a fierce conflict in the eastern part of the country between government forces and rebels backed by Uganda and Rwanda. Kabila was shot dead in the presidential mansion, allegedly by one of his bodyguards.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kabila, Laurent Desire — ▪ 1998       After having dropped out of sight for nearly a decade, Zairean opposition leader Laurent Kabila reemerged in October 1996 as leader of the newly formed Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo Zaire. Supported by a… …   Universalium

  • Kabila, Laurent (Désiré) — born 1939, Jadotville, Belgian Congo died Jan. 18?, 2001, en route to Harare, Zimb. Rebel leader and president (1997–2001) of Congo (Kinshasa). He attended schools abroad, including military school in China, before participating in several… …   Universalium

  • Kabila, Laurent (Désiré) — (1939, Jadotville, Congo Belga–¿18 ene.? 2001, en camino a Harare, Zimbabwe). Líder rebelde y presidente (1997–2001) de la República Democrática del Congo. Estudió en establecimientos en el extranjero, entre ellos una escuela militar en China,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kabila, Laurent-Désiré — ► (1939 2001) Político de la República Democrática del Congo. Derrocó a Mobutu Sese Seko en 1997 y asumió la presidencia del Zaire, que pasó a denominarse República Democrática del Congo. Murió asesinado …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Laurent-Desire Kabila — Laurent Désiré Kabila (* 27. November 1939 in Moba, Katanga; † 16. Januar 2001 in Kinshasa) war von 1997 bis 2001 Präsident der Demokratischen Republik Kongo. Leben Laurent Désiré Kabila wurde 1939 im Norden der Provinz Süd Katanga, in der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Laurent-Désiré Kabila — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Laurent-Desire Kabila — Laurent Désiré Kabila Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kabila et Mzee. Laurent Désiré Kabila …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Laurent Désiré Kabila — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kabila et Mzee. Laurent Désiré Kabila …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Laurent-Désiré Kabila — (* 27. November 1939 in Moba, Katanga; † 16. Januar 2001 in Kinshasa) war von 1997 bis 2001 Präsident der Demokratischen Republik Kongo. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Unabhängigkeitskampf gegen Belgien …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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