Johnson, Philip Cortelyou


Johnson, Philip Cortelyou
▪ 2006
 American architect (b. July 8, 1906, Cleveland, Ohio—d. Jan. 25, 2005, New Canaan, Conn.), wielded great influence in American architectural design, playing a defining role in several 20th-century movements, from International Style to Postmodernism to Deconstructivism. Though he graduated (1930) from Harvard University with a degree in philosophy, his abiding interest soon turned to architecture. Johnson was a student of Marcel Breuer and Walter Gropius and an apprentice of Mies van der Rohe, assisting the latter with his Seagram Building (1958) in New York City. During several trips to Berlin in the 1930s, Johnson had a brief enthrallment with fascist politics; on later reflection he described his political activity as “unbelievable stupidity.” Before and after World War II, he led the newly founded architecture department of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. Johnson's early masterwork was built for himself: the austere, boxy Glass House (1949) with glass panel walls, in New Canaan. He drifted away from minimalism, and in the 1970s and '80s he erected high-rise commercial buildings with historical undertones. His later masterwork was the pink granite AT&T headquarters (1984; now Sony Plaza) in New York City, which featured a split-pediment roof resembling a Chippendale cabinet, a major signpost in the arrival of Postmodernism. Other notable works included Pennzoil Place (1976) in Houston and Crystal Cathedral (1980) in Garden Grove, Calif. A public figure who positioned himself at the vanguard of new styles, Johnson was also a critic, curator, and socialite. In 1979 he became the first recipient of the Pritzker Architecture Prize for lifetime achievement.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Johnson,Philip Cortelyou — Johnson, Philip Cortelyou. Born 1906. American architect who designed the New York State Theater at Lincoln Center (1964) and the American Telephone and Telegraph Headquarters Building, now the Sony Building, (1978), both in New York City. * * * …   Universalium

  • Johnson, Philip (Cortelyou) — (8 jul. 1906, Cleveland, Ohio, EE.UU.–27 ene. 2005, New Canaan, Conn.). Arquitecto y crítico estadounidense. Estudió filosofía y arquitectura en la Universidad de Harvard. Como coautor de El estilo internacional: arquitectura desde 1922 (1932) y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Philip Cortelyou Johnson — Philip Johnson 1963 Philip Cortelyou Johnson (* 8. Juli 1906 in Cleveland, Ohio; † 25. Januar 2005 in New Canaan, Connecticut) war ein US amerikanischer Architekt und Architekturkritiker. Er formte zusammen mit Henry Russel Hitchcock …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Philip Cortelyou Johnson — Philip Johnson Pour les articles homonymes, voir Johnson. New York State Theater Philip Cortelyou Johns …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johnson, Philip C. — ▪ American architect in full  Philip Cortelyou Johnson   born July 8, 1906, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. died Jan. 25, 2005, New Canaan, Conn.   American architect and critic known both for his promotion of the International Style and, later, for his… …   Universalium

  • Johnson — Johnson, Andrew Johnson, Eyvind Johnson, Lyndon Baines Johnson, Philip Johnson, Samuel * * * (as used in expressions) . Marguerite Johnson Bunche, Ralph (Johnson) Field, Stephen J(ohnson) Heade, Martin Johnson Johnson …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • JOHNSON (P. C.) — JOHNSON PHILIP CORTELYOU (1906 ) Architecte américain. Après des études à l’université Harvard, Johnson débute comme critique et historien de l’architecture contemporaine. Propagandiste fervent du mouvement rationaliste, il organise en 1932 une… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Philip Johnson — Infobox Artist bgcolour = #6495ED name = Philip Johnson imagesize = caption = Philip Johnson at age 95 with his model of a 30 by 60 sculpture created for a collector in the Middle East birthname = birthdate = birth date |mf=yes|1906|7|8| location …   Wikipedia

  • Johnson — /jon seuhn/; for 3 also Sw. /yoon sawn/, n. 1. Andrew, 1808 75, seventeenth president of the U.S. 1865 69. 2. Charles Spurgeon /sperr jeuhn/, 1893 1956, U.S. educator and sociologist. 3. Eyvind /ay vin/, 1900 76, Swedish writer: Nobel prize 1974 …   Universalium

  • Philip — /fil ip/, n. 1. one of the 12 apostles. Mark 3:18; John 1:43 48; 6:5 7. 2. one of the leaders of the Christian Hellenists in the early church in Jerusalem who afterwards became an evangelist and missionary. Acts 6; 8:26 40. 3. King (Metacomet),… …   Universalium