Habash, George


Habash, George
▪ 2009

      Palestinian militant

born 1925/26, Lydda, Palestine [now Lod, Israel]

died Jan. 26, 2008, Amman, Jordan
was leader (1967–2000) of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). Habash fled Palestine in 1948, after Israel was established there, and earned a medical degree at the American University of Beirut. In the early 1950s he was active in the Youth of Vengeance group, which advocated violent attacks on traditional Arab governments. Habash founded the militant PFLP after his goal to liberate Palestine through Arab unity proved unrealistic following Israel's victory in the Six-Day War (1967). Under his leadership, the PFLP staged several airplane hijackings, including the abduction of three Western passenger jets to a Jordanian airstrip in September 1970. These activities destabilized the Jordanian monarchy and triggered King Hussein's crackdown on Palestinian guerrillas operating in Jordan. In the bloody civil war that followed, the PFLP and other guerrillas were driven from the country. Following the Yom Kippur War (1973), Habash became the leading voice of the Rejection Front, four Palestinian groups that opposed any diplomatic settlement to the conflict with Israel. Under his leadership the PFLP successfully organized clandestine cells in the Israeli-occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip. Habash stepped down as leader of the PFLP in 2000.

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▪ Palestinian political leader
born 1925/26, Lydda, Palestine [now Lod, Israel]
died Jan. 26, 2008, Amman, Jordan

      militant Palestinian and leader of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP).

      Ḥabash was forced to flee Palestine in 1948, after the State of Israel was established there, and earned a medical degree at the American University of Beirut (Beirut, American University of). In the early 1950s he was active in the “Youth of Vengeance” group, which advocated violent attacks on traditional Arab governments. Ḥabash founded the militant PFLP after his goal to liberate Palestine through Arab unity proved unrealistic following the Arab defeat by Israel in the Six-Day War of 1967 (see Arab-Israeli wars). Under the leadership of Ḥabash, the PFLP staged several airplane hijackings, including the abduction of three Western passenger jets to a Jordanian airstrip in September 1970. These activities destabilized the Jordanian monarchy and triggered King Ḥussein (Ḥussein)'s crackdown on Palestinian guerrillas operating in Jordan. A bloody civil war followed, in which the PFLP and other guerrillas were driven from the country.

      Ḥabash, a Marxist (Marxism), visited China in 1970 (where Chinese leaders criticized the PFLP's “foreign operations”) and Moscow in 1972. Following the Yom Kippur War of 1973, Ḥabash became the leading voice of the “Rejection Front,” four Palestinian groups that opposed any diplomatic settlement to the conflict with Israel. He attacked what he called the “defeatist” attitude of the Palestine Liberation Organization's leadership, whose attempts at reconciliation with King Ḥussein he sharply criticized. Under his leadership the PFLP successfully organized clandestine cells in the Israeli-occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip. Ḥabash stepped down as leader of the PLFP in 2000.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Habash, George — ► (n. 1925) Guerrillero palestino. Creó el Frente de Liberación Popular de Palestina, la más extremista de las organizaciones guerrilleras contra Israel. Anunció su retirada en 2000 …   Enciclopedia Universal

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