Greenberg, Joseph Harold


Greenberg, Joseph Harold
▪ 2002

      American anthropologist and linguist (b. May 28, 1915, New York, N.Y.—d. May 7, 2001, Stanford, Calif.), proposed influential theories regarding relationships between the world's languages. After receiving a Ph.D. in anthropology from Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill., in 1940 and serving in the Army Signal Intelligence Service during World War II, Greenberg embarked on an academic career. He was a professor of anthropology and linguistics at Columbia University, New York City, from 1948 to 1962 and at Stanford University from 1962 until 1985. He was primarily interested in language universals. In The Languages of Africa (1955; rev. 1963), Greenberg grouped African languages into four families: Niger-Kordofanian, Afroasiatic, Nilo-Saharan, and Khoisan. He later argued that most of the world's languages could be categorized into 12 “superfamilies.” Among his other notable works were Language in the Americas (1987) and Indo-European and Its Closest Relatives: The Eurasiatic Language Family (2000). He also edited Universals of Language (1963) and Universals of Human Language, 4 vol. (1978).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Greenberg,Joseph Harold — Green·berg (grēnʹbûrg ), Joseph Harold. Born 1915. American linguist. His influential works include Languages of Africa (1966) and Language Universals (1966). * * * …   Universalium

  • Joseph Harold Greenberg — (* 28. Mai 1915 in Brooklyn, New York; † 7. Mai 2001 in Stanford) war ein hervorragender, aber auch umstrittener Linguist, gleichermaßen bekannt für seine Leistungen in der Sprachtypologie (Universalienforschung) wie bei der Klassifikation der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Greenberg, Joseph H. — ▪ American anthropologist and linguist in full  Joseph Harold Greenberg   born May 28, 1915, Brooklyn, New York, U.S. died May 7, 2001, Stanford, California       American anthropologist and linguist specializing in African languages and in… …   Universalium

  • Joseph H. Greenberg — Joseph Harold Greenberg (* 28. Mai 1915 in Brooklyn, New York; † 7. Mai 2001 in Stanford) war ein hervorragender, aber auch umstrittener Linguist, gleichermaßen bekannt für seine Leistungen in der Sprachtypologie (Universalienforschung) wie bei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GREENBERG (J. H.) — GREENBERG JOSEPH HAROLD (1915 ) Linguiste américain dont le nom est surtout attaché à deux directions de recherche: celle des universaux du langage et celle concernant la typologie, appliquée en particulier au problème des langues africaines.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Harold — /har euhld/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Alexander Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander 1st Earl Arlen Harold Barton Sir Derek Harold Richard Bloom Harold Clurman Harold Edgar Crane Harold Hart James Harold Doolittle… …   Universalium

  • Joseph — /joh zeuhf, seuhf/, n. 1. Jacob s eleventh son, the first of Jacob and his second wife, Rachel: sold into slavery by his brothers. Gen. 30:22 24; 37. 2. the husband of Mary who was the mother of Jesus. Matt. 1:16 25. 3. (Hinmaton yalaktit), c1840 …   Universalium

  • Greenberg — /green berrg/, n. Henry B. (Hank), 1911 86, U.S. baseball player. * * * (as used in expressions) Greenberg Clement Greenberg Hank Henry Benjamin Greenberg Greenberg Joseph Harold * * * …   Universalium

  • Joseph Greenberg — Joseph Harold Greenberg (* 28. Mai 1915 in Brooklyn, New York; † 7. Mai 2001 in Stanford) war ein herausragender, aber auch umstrittener Linguist, gleichermaßen bekannt für seine Leistungen in der Sprachtypologie (Universalienforschung) wie bei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Greenberg — Joseph Harold Greenberg (Brooklyn (Nueva York, Estados Unidos), 28 de mayo de 1915 7 de mayo de 2001), lingüista norteamericano, conocido por su trabajo en clasificación y tipología lingüística. Trabajó por muchos años en la Universidad de… …   Wikipedia Español


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