Gehry, Frank

Gehry, Frank
▪ 1995

      In designing the new American Center in Paris, which opened in June 1994, Frank Gehry created an exciting space for promoting U.S. culture. The complex, which included galleries and studios, two small theatres, apartments, and a language school, incorporated several of Gehry's distinguishing characteristics.

      Typical of Gehry's work, the American Center appeared to be a cluster of functional buildings instead of one monolithic structure. Large window areas overlooked the bustling city outside. Structural elements were emphasized. Open passageways invited movement and conversation. References to older architectural forms abounded. For example, the popular French mansard roof form appeared on the lower stories of one facade and again, around the corner, in tall, sloping windows.

      For a 1994 office building in a historic district of Prague, Gehry also played with earlier forms from nearby 18th- and 19th-century buildings to create a late 20th-century landmark. Other recent Gehry projects included a fish restaurant in Japan, the Vitra Design Museum in Germany, and a theatre at Euro Disneyland Paris.

      Frank Owen Gehry was born in Toronto on Feb. 28, 1929. His family immigrated to Los Angeles in 1947. Gehry studied architecture at the University of Southern California (1949-51; 1954) and city planning at Harvard University (1956-57). Before establishing his own firm, Frank O. Gehry & Associates, in 1962, he worked for several other architects. Southern California remained his home and his headquarters.

      Gehry's early designs were influenced by Frank Lloyd Wright. In the mid-1960s he began producing the novel structures that established his reputation as a maverick. Gehry's output was prolific, often controversial. He steered away from modern glass boxes, conceiving each design as a sculptural form. His office was filled with large and small models.

      For Gehry, architectural space was meant to stimulate its inhabitants. The lively campus he created for Loyola Marymount Law School (1981-84) in downtown Los Angeles inspired a more dynamic on-campus spirit. Even when the client was a large corporation, structures were human-sized. For the Rouse Co. headquarters (Columbia, Md., 1974), he clustered a number of small buildings, one for each corporate division.

      Gehry won numerous honours and was a visiting professor at several universities. His design work was not limited to architecture. He did installations for several large art exhibitions, including "The Treasures of Tutankhamen" (1978). His love of inexpensive, functional materials led to the creation of lines of cardboard furniture, Easy Edges (1969-73) and Experimental Edges (1979-82). (MARGARET BARLOW)

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gehry, Frank O. — ▪ American architect in full  Frank Owen Gehry , original name  Ephraim Owen Goldberg  born Feb. 28, 1929, Toronto, Ont., Can.       American architect and designer whose original, sculptural, often audacious work won him worldwide renown.… …   Universalium

  • GEHRY, Frank — (1929 )    Frank Gehry, the Los Angeles based architect known for working in the Deconstructivist style, is best known for organic buildings that appear to question traditional aesthetic sensibilities and forms. His first architectural experiment …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Gehry,Frank — Gehr·y (gârʹē, gărʹē), Frank. Born 1929. Canadian born American architect. His designs, which incorporate elements of sculpture and collage, include the Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles (1989) and the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao (1997). * * * …   Universalium

  • Gehry, Frank —  (1929–) Canadian American architect; born Ephraim …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • GEHRY, FRANK OWEN — (Ephraim Goldberg; 1929– ), U.S. architect. Gehry was responsible for some of the most creative architecture of the 20th century with 30 existing buildings, public and private, in America, Europe, and Asia. He was born in Toronto, Canada. After… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gehry, Frank O(wen) — born Feb. 28, 1929, Toronto, Ont., Can. Canadian born U.S architect. He studied at the University of Southern California and Harvard University. In his early buildings, his use of inexpensive materials (chain link fencing, plywood, corrugated… …   Universalium

  • Gehry, Frank O(wen) — (n. 28 feb. 1929, Toronto, Ontario, Canadá). Arquitecto estadounidense nacido en Canadá. Estudió en las universidades de California del Sur y de Harvard. El uso de materiales económicos (cercado de eslabones, madera contrachapada, acero… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Frank Gehry — en 2006 Présentation Nom de naissance Frank Owen Gehry Naissance 28 février 1929 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Frank O. Gehry — Frank Gehry Frank Gehry Naissance 28 février 1929 Toronto Canada Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Frank Owen Gehry — Frank Gehry Frank Gehry Naissance 28 février 1929 Toronto Canada Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

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