Geertz, Clifford James

Geertz, Clifford James
▪ 2007

      American cultural anthropologist (b. Aug. 23, 1926, San Francisco, Calif.—d. Oct. 30, 2006, Philadelphia, Pa.), was a leading rhetorician and proponent of symbolic anthropology and interpretive anthropology. After service (1943–45) in the U.S. Navy in World War II, Geertz studied at Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio (B.A., 1950), and Harvard University (Ph.D., 1956). He taught or held fellowships at a number of schools before serving (1960–70) on the anthropology staff of the University of Chicago he became (1970) professor of social science at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, N.J. At Chicago, Geertz became a champion of symbolic anthropology, which gives prime attention to the role of thought—of “symbols”—in society. Symbols guide action. Culture, according to Geertz, is “a system of inherited conceptions expressed in symbolic forms by means of which men communicate, perpetuate, and develop their knowledge about and attitudes toward life.” The function of culture is to impose meaning on the world and make it understandable. The role of anthropologists is to try—though complete success is not possible—to interpret the guiding symbols of each culture. Geertz's writings tended to be rhetorical and idiosyncratic, more given to metaphors and examples than bald exposition. Among his major works were The Religion of Java (1960), Person, Time, and Conduct in Bali (1966), The Interpretation of Cultures (1973), Local Knowledge: Further Essays in Interpretive Anthropology (1983), and Works and Lives: The Anthropologist as Author (1988).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Geertz, Clifford (James) — born Aug. 23, 1926, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. U.S. cultural anthropologist, a leading proponent of a form of anthropology that stresses the importance of symbols and interpretation in human social life. Culture, according to Geertz, is a system …   Universalium

  • Geertz, Clifford (James) — (n. 23 ago. 1926, San Francisco, Cal., EE.UU.). Antropólogo cultural estadounidense. Es uno de los principales defensores de una vertiente de la antropología que resalta la importancia de los símbolos y la interpretación en la vida social humana …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Clifford James Geertz — (* 23. August 1926 in San Francisco; † 30. Oktober 2006 in Philadelphia) war ein US amerikanischer Ethnologe. Er gilt als bedeutendster Vertreter der interpretativen Ethnologie. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ethnologisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Geertz, Clifford — ▪ American anthropologist in full  Clifford James Geertz   born Aug. 23, 1926, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died Oct. 30, 2006, Philadelphia, Pa.       American cultural anthropologist, a leading rhetorician and proponent of symbolic anthropology… …   Universalium

  • James — James, Henry James, Henry James, William * * * (as used in expressions) Agee, James Anderson, (James) Maxwell Audubon, John James Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Ballard, J(ames) G(raham) Barrie, Sir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Clifford — (as used in expressions) Allbutt, Sir Thomas Clifford Brown, Clifford Geertz, Clifford (James) Joseph Clifford Montana, Jr. Odets, Clifford …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Clifford — /klif euhrd/, n. 1. William Kingdon /king deuhn/, 1845 79, English mathematician and philosopher. 2. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Allbutt Sir Thomas Clifford Brown Clifford Geertz Clifford James Odets Clifford * * * …   Universalium

  • James — /jaymz/, n. 1. Also called James the Great. one of the 12 apostles, the son of Zebedee and brother of the apostle John. Matt. 4:21. 2. the person identified in Gal. 1:19 as a brother of Jesus: probably the author of the Epistle of St. James. 3.… …   Universalium

  • Clifford Geertz — Born August 23, 1926(1926 08 23) San Francisco Died October 30, 2006(2006 10 30) (aged 80 …   Wikipedia

  • Clifford Geertz — Clifford James Geertz (San Francisco, 23 de agosto de 1926 30 de octubre de 2006) fue un antropólogo estadounidense que fue profesor del Institute for Advanced Study, de la Universidad de Princeton, Nueva Jersey. Contenido 1 Vida 2 Pensamiento y… …   Wikipedia Español

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