Dicke, Robert Henry


Dicke, Robert Henry
▪ 1998

      American physicist (b. May 6, 1916, St. Louis, Mo.—d. March 4, 1997, Princeton, N.J.), worked in such wide-ranging fields as microwave physics, cosmology, and relativity and was noted as both an inspired theorist and a successful experimentalist. Dicke earned an A.B. (1939) from Princeton University and a Ph.D. in physics (1941) from the University of Rochester, N.Y. After graduation he joined the Radiation Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where during World War II he made significant contributions to radar technology and microwave-circuit systems. Through high-precision gravitational experiments, Dicke confirmed a concept integral to Einstein's general theory of relativity, the equivalence principle, which states that the gravitational mass of a body is equal to its inertial mass. Dicke was an early proponent of the big-bang theory of the origin of the universe, and in the 1960s he and several colleagues proposed that a remnant of that explosive origin should pervade the universe in the form of detectable radiation of microwave wavelengths. Before Dicke was able to confirm this hypothesis through observation, two other investigators, Robert Wilson and Arno Penzias, detected the microwave background radiation, a discovery for which they eventually were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1978. Dicke joined the faculty of Princeton in 1946, rose to full professor in 1957, and was appointed Albert Einstein professor of science in 1975, becoming professor emeritus in 1984. Dicke was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1967 and received its Comstock Prize in 1973. Among other numerous awards he received in recognition of his scientific achievements were the National Medal of Science (1971) and NASA's Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal (1973). His writings include Principles of Microwave Circuits (1948; with Carol G. Montgomery and Edward M. Purcell) and Gravitation and the Universe (1970).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Dicke , Robert Henry — (1916–) American physicist Dicke, who was born in St. Louis, Missouri, graduated in 1939 from Princeton University and obtained his PhD in 1941 from the University of Rochester. He spent the war at the radiation laboratory of the Massachusetts… …   Scientists

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  • Robert Henry Dicke — Robert Dicke Robert Henry Dicke (6 mai 1916 4 mars 1997) est un physicien américain qui a fait d importantes contributions à l astrophysique, la physique nucléaire la cosmologie et l étude de la gravité. Biographie Dicke naît à Saint Louis dans… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Henry Dicke — (* 6. Mai[1] 1916 in St. Louis, Missouri; † 4. März 1997 in Princeton) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker und Astrophysiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Schriften …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Henry Dicke — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robert Henry Dicke (6 de mayo de 1916 – 4 de marzo de 1997) fue un físico experimental estadounidense, que hizo importantes contribuciones en astrofísica, física atómica, cosmología y gravitación. Dicke terminó su… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Robert Henry Dicke — (6 de mayo de 1916 – 4 de marzo de 1997) fue un físico experimental estadounidense, que hizo imortantes contribuciones en astrofísica, física atómica, cosmología y gravitación. Dicke terminó su licenciatura en la Universidad de Princeton y su …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dicke, Robert H. — ▪ American physicist in full  Robert Henry Dicke   born May 6, 1916, St. Louis, Mo., U.S. died March 4, 1997, Princeton, N.J.       American physicist noted for his theoretical work in cosmology and investigations centring on the general theory… …   Universalium

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  • Robert Dicke — Robert Henry Dicke (* 6. Mai 1916; † 4. März 1997) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker und Astrophysiker. Robert H. Dicke folgerte 1964, dass bei Annahme eines Urknalls eine kosmische Reststrahlung (Kosmische Hintergrundstrahlung) noch heute… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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