Altman, Robert


Altman, Robert
▪ 2007
 American filmmaker (b. Feb. 20, 1925, Kansas City, Mo.—d. Nov. 20, 2006, Los Angeles, Calif.), was an unconventional and independent director whose works emphasized character and atmosphere over plot in exploring themes of innocence, corruption, and survival. Perhaps his best-known film was his first and biggest commercial success, the antiwar comedy M*A*S*H (1970), set in a mobile army surgical hospital during the Korean War. Altman's first two feature films, Countdown (1968) and That Cold Day in the Park (1969), met with production difficulties and box-office failure. With M*A*S*H, however, Altman won accolades and large audiences. The directorial innovations that distinguished the film, most notably the disregard for conventional plot and the use of overlapping strains of dialogue and other sound, subsequently became Altman stocks-in-trade. Brewster McCloud (1970) was an eccentric fantasy on human flight, set in the Houston Astrodome. The critically acclaimed McCabe and Mrs. Miller (1971) was called an antiwestern for its irreverent portrait of life in a frontier boomtown. Altman's next success was The Long Goodbye (1973), an updated rendering of a Raymond Chandler detective novel. He stirred both critical and popular debate with the 1975 film Nashville, a sprawling kaleidoscopic view of a political campaign set against the backdrop of the country-music industry. Among the less critically successful were Three Women (1977), A Wedding (1978), and several film adaptations of contemporary plays, notably Come Back to the 5 & Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean (1982). Better received was The Player (1992), a black comedy about a motion-picture studio executive who murders a writer. Short Cuts (1993), a pessimistic look at contemporary American society based on Raymond Carver stories, earned him an Oscar nomination for directing. After skewering the modern fashion industry in Prêt-à-Porter (1994), Altman explored the 1930s in Kansas City (1996) and the murder mystery Gosford Park (2001), which garnered seven Oscar nominations. Other later works of note included Cookie's Fortune (1999), The Company (2003), and A Prairie Home Companion (2006), his last.

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▪ American director
born Feb. 20, 1925, Kansas City, Mo., U.S.
died Nov. 20, 2006, Los Angeles, Calif.
 unconventional and independent American motion-picture director, whose works emphasize character and atmosphere over plot in exploring themes of innocence, corruption, and survival. Perhaps his best-known film was his first and biggest commercial success, the antiwar comedy M*A*S*H (1970), set in a Mobile Army Surgical Hospital during the Korean War.

      Altman served as a U.S. Army pilot from 1943 to 1947, studied at the University of Missouri for three years, and subsequently directed industrial films. During the late 1950s and the '60s he directed for such television series as Bus Stop and Combat. Altman's first two feature films, Countdown (1967) and That Cold Day in the Park (1969), met with production difficulties and box-office failure. With M*A*S*H, however, Altman won accolades and box-office success. The directorial innovations that distinguished the film, most notably the disregard for conventional plot and the use of overlapping strains of dialogue and other sound, subsequently became Altman stocks-in-trade. Brewster McCloud (also 1969) was an eccentric fantasy on human flight, set in the Houston Astrodome. The critically acclaimed McCabe and Mrs. Miller (1971) was called an antiwestern for its irreverent portrait of life in a frontier boomtown.

      Altman's next success was The Long Goodbye (1973), an updated rendering of a Raymond Chandler detective novel. He stirred both critical and popular debate with the 1976 film Nashville, a sprawling, kaleidoscopic view of a political campaign set against the backdrop of the country-music industry. Some critics praised the film as a vivid allegory of American life, while others found it overambitious and muddled.

      Altman maintained a prodigious directorial output, though many of his films released in the decade after Nashville were critical or financial failures. Among the more interesting of them are Three Women (1977), A Wedding (1978), and several film adaptations of contemporary plays, notably Come Back to the 5 & Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean (1982).

      More successful was The Player (1992), a black comedy about a motion-picture studio executive who murders a writer. He followed up the success of this scathing satire of Hollywood with Short Cuts (1993), a pessimistic look at contemporary American society that earned him an Oscar nomination for his directing. After skewering the modern fashion industry in Prêt-à-Porter (1994), Altman explored the 1930s in Kansas City (1996) and Gosford Park (2001). The latter, a murder mystery set in an English manor, garnered seven Oscar nominations. Other later works of note include Cookie's Fortune (1999), The Company (2003), and A Prairie Home Companion (2006). In 2006 Altman received an Academy Award for lifetime achievement.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ALTMAN, Robert — (1925–2006)    After graduating from the University of Missouri with a degree in engineering and flying fighter planes in World War II, Robert Altman entered the film industry by making industrial films. During the 1960s he mostly worked in… …   Westerns in Cinema

  • Altman, Robert — • О ЛТМЕН (Altman) Роберт (р. 20.2.1925)    амер. режиссёр, сценарист, продюсер. Получил технич. образование. В 1947 1955 снимал док. ф. в Канзас Сити. В Голливуде с 1955. Первые картины Правонарушители (1955) и монтажная лента История Джеймса… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Altman,Robert — Alt·man (ôltʹmən), Robert. Born 1925. American film director and screenwriter whose film credits include M*A*S*H (1970), for which he won an Academy Award, and The Player (1992). * * * …   Universalium

  • Altman, Robert (B.) — born Feb. 20, 1925, Kansas City, Mo., U.S. U.S. film director. He learned filmmaking by directing industrial films, then directed several television series before making his first feature film, Countdown (1967). The successful antiwar comedy… …   Universalium

  • Altman, Robert —    см. Олтмен, Роберт …   Режиссерская энциклопедия. Кино США

  • Altman, Robert — ► (n. 1925) Director de cine estadounidense. Su película M.A.S.H. (1970) fue premiada en el festival de Cannes. Dirigió El volar es para los pájaros (1971), Los vividores (1971), El largo adiós (1973), Prêt à porter (1994). En teatro, Jimmy Dean …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Altman, Robert (B.) — (n. 20 feb. 1925, Kansas, Mo., EE.UU.). Director de cine estadounidense. Aprendió el oficio dirigiendo películas para industrias, luego dirigió diversas series de televisión antes de realizar su primer filme, Cuenta regresiva (1967). La exitosa… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Altman — Altman, Robert …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert Altmann — Robert Bernard Altman (* 20. Februar 1925 in Kansas City (Missouri); † 20. November 2006 in Los Angeles) war ein US amerikanischer Regisseur, Autorenfilmer und Filmproduzent. Seine Filme sind ab 1970 dem Kino des New Hollywood zuzurechnen.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Bernard Altman — (* 20. Februar 1925 in Kansas City (Missouri); † 20. November 2006 in Los Angeles) war ein US amerikanischer Regisseur, Autorenfilmer und Filmproduzent. Seine Filme sind ab 1970 dem Kino des New Hollywood zuzurechnen. Während seiner 55 jährigen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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