Abu Nidal


Abu Nidal
▪ 2003
Sabri al-Banna 
      Palestinian militant (b. 1937, Jaffa, Palestine—d. Aug. 16?, 2002, Baghdad, Iraq), was believed to have masterminded countless deadly attacks for nearly two decades, from the early 1970s to the 1990s. Abu Nidal (he took the nom de guerre in the early 1960s) was originally a member of Yasir Arafat's Palestine Liberation Organization, but he broke with the PLO in 1974 to form the more radical Fatah Revolutionary Council. Among the many attacks attributed to Fatah were the bombing of a TWA flight in 1974 that killed 88 and the 1982 shooting of Israel's ambassador to London, which triggered Israel's invasion of Lebanon that year. Abu Nidal reportedly became a fanatic gunman for hire, working in Libya, Syria, and Iraq. The PLO sentenced him to death in absentia for plotting to assassinate Arafat. Abu Nidal was reported dead numerous times, and the circumstances surrounding the most recent reports of his death remained mysterious, though Iraq officially declared that he had committed suicide.

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▪ Palestinian leader
Arabic“Father of the Struggle”byname of  Ṣabrī Khalīl al-Bannāʾ  
born May 1937, Jaffa, Palestine [now Tel Aviv–Yafo, Israel]
died August 16?, 2002, Baghdad, Iraq

      militant leader of the Fatah Revolutionary Council, more commonly known as the Abū Niḍāl Organization (ANO), or Abū Niḍāl Group, a Palestinian organization that engaged in numerous acts of terrorism beginning in the mid-1970s.

      Abū Niḍāl and his family fled Palestine after the 1948 war following the creation of the state of Israel, and for the next 20 years he lived in Jordan and Saudi Arabia. In the late 1960s he joined Yāsir ʿArafāt's (Arafāt, Yāsirʿ) guerrilla group, Fatah, a component of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), which had as its aim wresting Palestine from Israeli control. He left the group in 1973 because of his dissatisfaction with moderates within Fatah who were willing to pursue diplomatic solutions to the Palestinian question. His new organization, no longer associated with Fatah, operated out of Iraq, then Syria, and finally Libya, usually with the support of those governments. Many of his targets were fellow Palestinians whose political views were at odds with his own, and at a 1974 tribunal the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) condemned Abū Niḍāl as an extremist, sentencing him to death in absentia.

      The ANO was held responsible for terrorist attacks against both Arab and Israeli diplomats and government representatives in the Middle East and Europe. It also was alleged to have carried out hijackings (including that of an Egyptian airliner which resulted in the deaths of 60 people in 1985), bombings, and commando raids. Among its most infamous acts were the simultaneous attacks at the international airports in Rome and Vienna in December 1985, in which 18 people were killed, and the shooting of 21 worshipers in an Istanbul synagogue in 1986. In January 1991 Abū Niḍāl's agents were thought to have been responsible for the assassination of Abū ʿIyād (nom de guerre of Ṣalāḥ Khalaf ), the PLO's intelligence chief and one of ʿArafāt's closest associates. In 2001 Abū Niḍāl was condemned to death, again in absentia, by a court in Jordan for the 1994 murder of a Jordanian diplomat. At the height of its activity, the ANO never enjoyed broad popular support among the Palestinian people, and its active members never exceeded a few hundred. Although it was among the world's most violent organizations engaging in terrorism in the 1970s and '80s, the group's activities diminished in the 1990s.

      Expelled from numerous countries and pursued by his enemies, Abū Niḍāl was forced to move frequently, eventually settling in Baghdad, Iraq. He died there in 2002 while in the custody of Iraqi authorities.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abu Nidal — (arabisch ‏أبو نضال‎, DMG Abū Niḍāl), eigentlicher Name Sabri Chalil al Banna (‏صبري خليل البنا‎, DMG Ṣabrī Ḫalīl al Bannā; * Mai 1937 in Jaffa; † 16. August 2002 in Bagdad), war palästinensischer Terrorist und der Gründer der Abu Nidal… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abu Nidal — Abu Nidal, apodo de Sabrí al Banna (*Jaffa, mayo de 1937 Bagdad, 16 de agosto de 2002) fue un líder palestino y terrorista prominente.[1] [2] Contenido 1 Vida temprana …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abu Nidal — Abu Nidal, de verdadero nombre Sabrí al Banna (*Jaffa, mayo de 1937 †Bagdad, 16 de agosto de 2002) fue un líder palestino y terrorista prominente. En 1948, a los once años, abandonó Palestina hacia el exilio tras la proclamación del Estado de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Abu Nidal — [ right|thumb|180px|Abu Nidal in 1976 in a photograph released by the Israeli Defense Forces, one of only a handful of photographs of him known to exist.] Abu Nidal ( ar. أبو نضال) (May 1937 [ The Guardian has written that he was born in 1939;… …   Wikipedia

  • Abu Nidal — Ạbu Nidal   [arabisch »Vater des Kampfes«], eigentlich Banna, Sabri Chalil al B., arabischer Terroristenführer, * Jaffa 1937 (1942?); gründete um 1973/74 eine arabische Terrororganisation, die unter verschiedenen Namen terroristische Anschläge… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Abu Nidal (Muslimgauze album) — Infobox Album Name = Abu Nidal Type = studio Artist = Muslimgauze Released = 1987 Recorded = Genre = Length = Label = Limited Editions LIMITED 6 Producer = Reviews = Last album = Jazirat Ul Arab (1987) This album = Abu Nidal (1987) Next album =… …   Wikipedia

  • Abu-Nidal-Organisation — Die Abu Nidal Organisation (ANO, auch bekannt unter den Namen Fatah Revolutionsrat, Arabische Revolutionäre Brigaden, Schwarzer September (nicht zu verwechseln mit der 1970 als Abspaltung der al Fatah gegründeten Organisation Schwarzer September) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abu Nidal Organisation — Die Abu Nidal Organisation (ANO, auch bekannt unter den Namen Fatah Revolutionsrat, Arabische Revolutionäre Brigaden, Schwarzer September (nicht zu verwechseln mit der 1970 als Abspaltung der al Fatah gegründeten Organisation Schwarzer September) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abu Nidal Organization — noun a Palestinian international terrorist organization that split from the PLO in 1974; has conducted terrorist attacks in 20 countries in the 1980s the Fatah RC was considered the most dangerous and murderous Palestinian terror group • Syn:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • List of attacks attributed to Abu Nidal — Abu Nidal (Sabri al Banna) commanded a reputation as the world s most ruthless terrorist leader until the title was claimed by Osama bin Ladin in the late 1990s. Abu Nidal was primarily active in the 1970s and 1980s on the ultra hardline fringe… …   Wikipedia


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