wootz (steel)

wootz (steel)
Steel produced by a method known in ancient India.

The process involved preparation of porous iron, hammering it while hot to release slag, breaking it up and sealing it with wood chips in a clay container, and heating it until the pieces of iron absorbed carbon from the wood and melted. The steel thus produced had a uniform composition of 1–1.6% carbon and could be heated and forged into bars for later use in fashioning articles, such as the famous medieval Damascus swords. See also bloomery process.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wootz steel — Wootz is a steel characterized by a pattern of bands or sheets of micro carbides within a tempered martensite or pearlite matrix. It was developed in India around 300 BC [ [http://materials.iisc.ernet.in/ wootz/heritage/WOOTZ.htm IISC] ] . The… …   Wikipedia

  • wootz steel — noun see wootz …   Useful english dictionary

  • Steel — For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). The steel cable of a colliery winding tower …   Wikipedia

  • Wootz — Le Wootz ou Wootzer ou Wûtzer est un type d acier indien autrefois principalement utilisé pour la fabrication de lames de sabre. Le mot Wootz est peut être une mauvaise transcription de wook utilisé par le métallurgiste anglais Heyne probablement …   Wikipédia en Français

  • wootz — ˈwüts noun or wootz steel ( es) Etymology: probably alteration of wook, from Kanarese ukku steel : a steel made anciently in India by crude methods in small crucibles according to the oldest known process for making fused steel …   Useful english dictionary

  • steel — steellike, adj. /steel/, n. 1. any of various modified forms of iron, artificially produced, having a carbon content less than that of pig iron and more than that of wrought iron, and having qualities of hardness, elasticity, and strength varying …   Universalium

  • Wootz — (w[=oo]ts), n. [Perhaps a corruption of Canarese ukku steel.] A species of steel imported from the East Indies, valued for making edge tools; Indian steel. It has in combination a minute portion of alumina and silica. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wootz — noun A famous type of steel from India, much admired for making sword blades …   Wiktionary

  • Crucible steel — Iron alloy phases Ferrite (α iron, δ iron) Austenite (γ iron) Pearlite (88% ferrite, 12% cementite) …   Wikipedia

  • Damascus steel — For Damascus Twist barrels, see Skelp. For the album of the same name, see Damascus Steel (album). Close up of a 16th century Iranian crucible forged Damascus steel sword Damascus steel was a term used by several Western cultures from the… …   Wikipedia

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